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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-06 15:56:24 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06764
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name17a,20a-Dihydroxycholesterol
Description17alpha,20alpha-Dihydroxycholesterol is an intermediate in C21-Steroid hormone metabolism. 17alpha,20alpha-Dihydroxycholesterol is the 8th to last step in the synthesis of Cortolone and is converted from 20alpha-Hydroxycholesterol via the enzyme cytochrome P450 (EC 1.14.99.9). It is then converted to 17alpha-Hydroxypregnenolone via the enzyme cytochrome P450 (EC1.14.15.6).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
17alpha,20alpha-DihydroxycholesterolHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H46O3
Average Molecular Weight418.6523
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight418.344695338
IUPAC Name(2R,5S,10R,14R,15S)-14-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-ene-5,14-diol
Traditional Name(2R,5S,10R,14R,15S)-14-[(2R)-2-hydroxy-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-ene-5,14-diol
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H]C12CC[C@](O)([C@](C)(O)CCCC(C)C)[C@@]1(C)CCC1([H])[C@@]2([H])CC=C2C[C@@H](O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H46O3/c1-18(2)7-6-13-26(5,29)27(30)16-12-23-21-9-8-19-17-20(28)10-14-24(19,3)22(21)11-15-25(23,27)4/h8,18,20-23,28-30H,6-7,9-17H2,1-5H3/t20-,21+,22?,23?,24-,25-,26+,27+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=PRZXKPDANWDCNC-IMVKCWHASA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cholesterols and derivatives. These are compounds containing a 3-hydroxylated cholestane core.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassCholestane steroids
Direct ParentCholesterols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cholesterol-skeleton
  • Cholesterol
  • 20-hydroxysteroid
  • 17-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-beta-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-diol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0054 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.05ALOGPS
logP4.87ChemAxon
logS-4.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)13.25ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area60.69 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity123.6 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability50.5 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
11-beta-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP11B1)SMP00575Not Available
17-alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP17)SMP00566Not Available
21-hydroxylase deficiency (CYP21)SMP00576Not Available
3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00718Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 3 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00373Not Available
Adrenal Hyperplasia Type 5 or Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia due to 17 Alpha-hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00372Not Available
Apparent mineralocorticoid excess syndromeSMP00717Not Available
Congenital Lipoid Adrenal Hyperplasia (CLAH) or Lipoid CAHSMP00371Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase I deficiency (CMO I)SMP00577Not Available
Corticosterone methyl oxidase II deficiency - CMO IISMP00578Not Available
SteroidogenesisSMP00130map00140
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024067
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC05499
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06764
Metagene LinkHMDB06764
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53477898
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID783
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the side-chain cleavage reaction of cholesterol to pregnenolone.
Gene Name:
CYP11A1
Uniprot ID:
P05108
Molecular weight:
60101.87
Reactions
17a,20a-Dihydroxycholesterol + Oxygen + Hydrogen Ion + Reduced adrenal ferredoxin → 17a-Hydroxypregnenolone + 4-Methylpentanal + Water + Oxidized adrenal ferredoxindetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Conversion of pregnenolone and progesterone to their 17-alpha-hydroxylated products and subsequently to dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and androstenedione. Catalyzes both the 17-alpha-hydroxylation and the 17,20-lyase reaction. Involved in sexual development during fetal life and at puberty.
Gene Name:
CYP17A1
Uniprot ID:
P05093
Molecular weight:
57369.995
Reactions
20alpha-Hydroxycholesterol + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion + Oxygen → 17a,20a-Dihydroxycholesterol + NADP + Waterdetails