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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-08 10:19:11 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:07:56 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06772
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAdrenosterone
DescriptionAdrenosterone is a steroid hormone with weak androgenic effect. It was first isolated in 1936 from the adrenal cortex by Tadeus Reichstein at the Pharmaceutical Institute in the University of Basel. Originally, adrenosterone was called Reichstein's substance G.(Wikipedia). Andrenosterone is created from androst-4-ene-3,17-dione by the work of two enzymes, CYP11B (E1.14.15.4) and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase [EC:1.1.1.146].
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC19H24O3
Average Molecular Weight300.3921
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight300.172544634
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,10S,11S,15S)-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-6-ene-5,14,17-trione
Traditional Nameadrenosterone
CAS Registry Number382-45-6
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CCC(=O)[C@@]1(C)CC(=O)[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])CCC2=CC(=O)CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H24O3/c1-18-8-7-12(20)9-11(18)3-4-13-14-5-6-16(22)19(14,2)10-15(21)17(13)18/h9,13-14,17H,3-8,10H2,1-2H3/t13-,14-,17+,18-,19-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=RZRPTBIGEANTGU-IRIMSJTPSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as androgens and derivatives. These are 3-hydroxylated C19 steroid hormones. They are known to favor the development of masculine characteristics. They also show profound effects on scalp and body hair in humans.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassAndrostane steroids
Direct ParentAndrogens and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Androgen-skeleton
  • Oxosteroid
  • 17-oxosteroid
  • 11-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-4-steroid
  • Delta-4-steroid
  • Cyclohexanone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
  • Androstane and derivatives (C05285 )
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.055 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.42ALOGPS
logP3.01ChemAxon
logS-3.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.99ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area51.21 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity84.27 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability33.28 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSsplash10-004l-3910000000-dda2aae9c4577545506cView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024074
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID194597
KEGG Compound IDC05285
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06772
Metagene LinkHMDB06772
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound223997
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID607862
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of cortisol to the inactive metabolite cortisone. Modulates intracellular glucocorticoid levels, thus protecting the nonselective mineralocorticoid receptor from occupation by glucocorticoids.
Gene Name:
HSD11B2
Uniprot ID:
P80365
Molecular weight:
44126.06
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes reversibly the conversion of cortisol to the inactive metabolite cortisone. Catalyzes reversibly the conversion of 7-ketocholesterol to 7-beta-hydroxycholesterol. In intact cells, the reaction runs only in one direction, from 7-ketocholesterol to 7-beta-hydroxycholesterol (By similarity).
Gene Name:
HSD11B1
Uniprot ID:
P28845
Molecular weight:
32400.665
Reactions
11b-Hydroxyandrost-4-ene-3,17-dione + NADP → Adrenosterone + NADPH + Hydrogen Iondetails