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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-14 18:40:14 UTC
Update Date2017-08-16 04:49:26 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0006900
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB06854
  • HMDB06900
Metabolite Identification
Common Name(S)-2-Aceto-2-hydroxybutanoic acid
Description(S)-2-Aceto-2-hydroxybutanoic acid is an intermediate in branched chain amino acid metabolism. It is converted from 2-oxobutanoate or 2-hydoxyethyl ThPP via acetolactate synthase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-2-Acetyl-2-hydroxybutyric acidChEBI
(S)-2-Acetyl-2-hydroxybutyrateGenerator
(S)-2-aceto-2-HydroxybutanoateGenerator
(2S)-2-Ethyl-2-hydroxy-3-oxobutanoateHMDB
(2S)-2-Ethyl-2-hydroxy-3-oxobutanoic acidHMDB
(S)-2-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-3-oxobutanoateHMDB
(S)-2-Hydroxy-2-ethyl-3-oxobutanoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H10O4
Average Molecular Weight146.1412
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight146.057908808
IUPAC Name(2S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-3-oxobutanoic acid
Traditional Name(2S)-2-ethyl-2-hydroxy-3-oxobutanoic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC[C@](O)(C(C)=O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H10O4/c1-3-6(10,4(2)7)5(8)9/h10H,3H2,1-2H3,(H,8,9)/t6-/m0/s1
InChI KeyVUQLHQFKACOHNZ-LURJTMIESA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as short-chain keto acids and derivatives. These are keto acids with an alkyl chain the contains less than 6 carbon atoms.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassKeto acids and derivatives
Direct ParentShort-chain keto acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-keto acid
  • Branched fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Short-chain keto acid
  • Alpha-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Acyloin
  • Beta-hydroxy ketone
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility259.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.58ALOGPS
logP0.24ChemAxon
logS0.25ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.6ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.7ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity33.11 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability13.72 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MSNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0002-1900000000-58139948a2d318b20cd3View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-004i-7900000000-5d95d041962e4d0c29c2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-9400000000-54a124cdee1ab9c9f382View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0udi-3900000000-c26fd82bd80ef12ed78aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0pb9-9500000000-79a2c717c39914d90709View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0ab9-9000000000-14cfb3f09136a8d1b1fdView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024147
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389708
KEGG Compound IDC06006
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0006900
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound440875
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27681
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in magnesium ion binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ILVBL
Uniprot ID:
A1L0T0
Molecular weight:
67867.2