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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-13 17:24:17 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:08:02 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06870
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-Hydroxyisovaleryl-CoA
Description3-Hydroxyisovaleryl-CoA is an end product of leucine degradation. It is converted from 3-methylbut-2-enoyl-CoA by the enzyme enoyl-CoA hydratase.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxy-3-methylbutyryl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxy-3-methylbutyryl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxyisovaleryl coenzyme AHMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H44N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight867.65
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight867.167637865
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-{[2-({2-[(3-hydroxy-3-methylbutanoyl)sulfanyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}-2,2-dimethylpropoxy)phosphoryl]oxyphosphoryl}oxy)methyl]oxolan-3-yl]oxyphosphonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC(C)(O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H44N7O18P3S/c1-25(2,20(37)23(38)29-6-5-15(34)28-7-8-55-16(35)9-26(3,4)39)11-48-54(45,46)51-53(43,44)47-10-14-19(50-52(40,41)42)18(36)24(49-14)33-13-32-17-21(27)30-12-31-22(17)33/h12-14,18-20,24,36-37,39H,5-11H2,1-4H3,(H,28,34)(H,29,38)(H,43,44)(H,45,46)(H2,27,30,31)(H2,40,41,42)/t14-,18-,19-,20?,24-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=PEVZKILCBDEOBT-XBTRWLRFSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acyl coas. These are organic compounds containing a coenzyme A substructure linked to an acyl chain.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acyl thioesters
Direct ParentAcyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Purine
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monoalkyl phosphate
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Monosaccharide
  • Fatty amide
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Oxolane
  • Imidazole
  • Azole
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility4.22 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.43ALOGPS
logP-6.9ChemAxon
logS-2.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count10ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area383.86 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count22ChemAxon
Refractivity187.67 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability78.09 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-1912000140-b0e9381d20810646f155View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0913000000-4b1e16d242cdcfa4bea8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-000i-2911000000-c2072cee5dd507dcde03View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-069s-9711140470-b93231a78f09a24923fcView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-003r-4910110010-b0a59a59576405a54451View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-057i-6900100000-f40a45ead54c1dc4f054View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
2-Methyl-3-Hydroxybutryl CoA Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00137Not Available
3-Hydroxy-3-Methylglutaryl-CoA Lyase DeficiencySMP00138Not Available
3-hydroxyisobutyric acid dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00521Not Available
3-hydroxyisobutyric aciduriaSMP00522Not Available
3-Methylcrotonyl Coa Carboxylase Deficiency Type ISMP00237Not Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type ISMP00139Not Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type IIISMP00140Not Available
3-Methylglutaconic Aciduria Type IVSMP00141Not Available
Beta-Ketothiolase DeficiencySMP00173Not Available
Isobutyryl-coa dehydrogenase deficiencySMP00523Not Available
Isovaleric acidemiaSMP00524Not Available
Isovaleric AciduriaSMP00238Not Available
Maple Syrup Urine DiseaseSMP00199Not Available
Methylmalonate Semialdehyde Dehydrogenase DeficiencySMP00384Not Available
Methylmalonic AciduriaSMP00200Not Available
Propionic AcidemiaSMP00236Not Available
Valine, Leucine and Isoleucine DegradationSMP00032map00280
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024126
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID10128175
KEGG Compound IDC05998
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06870
Metagene LinkHMDB06870
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound11953876
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID28291
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
EHHADH
Uniprot ID:
Q08426
Molecular weight:
69153.26
Reactions
3-Hydroxyisovaleryl-CoA → 3-Methylcrotonyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Straight-chain enoyl-CoA thioesters from C4 up to at least C16 are processed, although with decreasing catalytic rate.
Gene Name:
ECHS1
Uniprot ID:
P30084
Molecular weight:
31387.085
Reactions
3-Hydroxyisovaleryl-CoA → 3-Methylcrotonyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional subunit.
Gene Name:
HADHA
Uniprot ID:
P40939
Molecular weight:
82998.97
Reactions
3-Hydroxyisovaleryl-CoA → 3-Methylcrotonyl-CoA + Waterdetails