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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-14 18:00:39 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:08:06 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06888
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name5b-Cyprinol sulfate
Description5b-Cyprinol sulfate is an intermediate in bile acid biosynthesis. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depends only on presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g., membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues. (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
5b-CyprinosulfateHMDB
5b-CyprinosulphateHMDB
5beta-Cyprinol sulfateHMDB
5beta-Cyprinol sulphateHMDB
5beta-CyprinolsulfateHMDB
5beta-CyprinolsulphateHMDB
Chemical FormulaC27H48O8S
Average Molecular Weight532.73
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight532.306989202
IUPAC Name(3-hydroxy-2-{4-[(2S,5R,9R,15R,16R)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentyl}propoxy)sulfonic acid
Traditional Name3-hydroxy-2-{4-[(2S,5R,9R,15R,16R)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-14-yl]pentyl}propoxysulfonic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC(CCCC(CO)COS(O)(=O)=O)C1CCC2C3[C@H](O)CC4C[C@H](O)CC[C@]4(C)C3C[C@@H](O)[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C27H48O8S/c1-16(5-4-6-17(14-28)15-35-36(32,33)34)20-7-8-21-25-22(13-24(31)27(20,21)3)26(2)10-9-19(29)11-18(26)12-23(25)30/h16-25,28-31H,4-15H2,1-3H3,(H,32,33,34)/t16?,17?,18?,19-,20?,21?,22?,23-,24-,25?,26+,27-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=KAOLEMQCYWHOJQ-UQACNIHJSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as tetrahydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives. These are prenol lipids structurally characterized by a bile acid or alcohol which bears four hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassBile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Direct ParentTetrahydroxy bile acids, alcohols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 26-sulfated steroid
  • Tetrahydroxy bile acid, alcohol, or derivatives
  • 26-hydroxysteroid
  • Sulfated steroid
  • Sulfated steroid skeleton
  • 7-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • 12-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • Sulfate-ester
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Polyol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.056 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.77ALOGPS
logP0.63ChemAxon
logS-4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.8ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.14ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area144.52 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity136.55 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability59.39 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
27-Hydroxylase DeficiencySMP00720Not Available
Bile Acid BiosynthesisSMP00035map00120
Cerebrotendinous Xanthomatosis (CTX)SMP00315Not Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IISMP00314Not Available
Congenital Bile Acid Synthesis Defect Type IIISMP00318Not Available
Familial Hypercholanemia (FHCA)SMP00317Not Available
Zellweger SyndromeSMP00316Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024135
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC05468
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06888
Metagene LinkHMDB06888
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53477904
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID2149
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. [11316487 ]
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. [16037564 ]
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. [12576301 ]
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. [11907135 ]