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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-08-14 18:05:41 UTC
Update Date2013-07-24 17:56:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB06890
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA
Description3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in bile acid synthesis. Bile acids are steroid acids found predominantly in bile of mammals. The distinction between different bile acids is minute, depends only on presence or absence of hydroxyl groups on positions 3, 7, and 12. Bile acids are physiological detergents that facilitate excretion, absorption, and transport of fats and sterols in the intestine and liver. Bile acids are also steroidal amphipathic molecules derived from the catabolism of cholesterol. They modulate bile flow and lipid secretion, are essential for the absorption of dietary fats and vitamins, and have been implicated in the regulation of all the key enzymes involved in cholesterol homeostasis. Bile acids recirculate through the liver, bile ducts, small intestine and portal vein to form an enterohepatic circuit. They exist as anions at physiological pH and, consequently, require a carrier for transport across the membranes of the enterohepatic tissues. The unique detergent properties of bile acids are essential for the digestion and intestinal absorption of hydrophobic nutrients. Bile acids have potent toxic properties (e.g., membrane disruption) and there are a plethora of mechanisms to limit their accumulation in blood and tissues. (PMID: 11316487 , 16037564 , 12576301 , 11907135 ).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. (24R,25R)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5-beta-cholestanoyl-CoA
  2. (24R,25R)-3-alpha,7-alpha,12-alpha,24-tetrahydroxy-5-beta-cholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
  3. 3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA
  4. 3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
  5. 3a,7a,12a,24z-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA
  6. 3a,7a,12a,24z-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
  7. 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA
  8. 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
  9. 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24zeta-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-CoA
  10. 3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,24zeta-Tetrahydroxy-5beta-cholestanoyl-Coenzyme A
Chemical FormulaC48H80N7O21P3S
Average Molecular Weight1216.169
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1215.434082883
IUPAC Name{[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-({[hydroxy({[hydroxy({3-hydroxy-3-[(2-{[2-({3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-[(5R,7S,9R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]heptanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]-2,2-dimethylpropoxy})phosphoryl]oxy})phosphoryl]oxy}methyl)oxolan-3-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Traditional IUPAC Name[(2R,3S,4R,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-2-[({hydroxy[hydroxy(3-hydroxy-3-[(2-{[2-({3-hydroxy-2-methyl-6-[(5R,7S,9R,16S)-5,9,16-trihydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0^{2,7}.0^{11,15}]heptadecan-14-yl]heptanoyl}sulfanyl)ethyl]carbamoyl}ethyl)carb
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@H](O)CCC1(C)C1C[C@H](O)C3(C)C(CCC3C1[C@H](O)C2)C(C)CCC(O)C(C)C(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@H](O)[C@@H]1OP(O)(O)=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C48H80N7O21P3S/c1-24(28-8-9-29-36-30(19-34(59)48(28,29)6)47(5)13-11-27(56)17-26(47)18-32(36)58)7-10-31(57)25(2)45(64)80-16-15-50-35(60)12-14-51-43(63)40(62)46(3,4)21-73-79(70,71)76-78(68,69)72-20-33-39(75-77(65,66)67)38(61)44(74-33)55-23-54-37-41(49)52-22-53-42(37)55/h22-34,36,38-40,44,56-59,61-62H,7-21H2,1-6H3,(H,50,60)(H,51,63)(H,68,69)(H,70,71)(H2,49,52,53)(H2,65,66,67)/t24?,25?,26-,27+,28?,29?,30?,31?,32+,33+,34-,36?,38+,39+,40?,44+,47?,48?/m0/s1
InChI KeyPXHZOQNODUPJKC-QVXJXFLKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassLipids
ClassFatty Acid Esters
Sub ClassAcyl CoAs
Other Descriptors
  • Aromatic Heteropolycyclic Compounds
Substituents
  • 1 Phosphoribosyl Imidazole
  • 12 Hydroxy Steroid
  • 24 Hydroxy Steroid
  • 3 Hydroxy Steroid
  • 7 Hydroxy Steroid
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Bicyclohexane
  • Bile Acid, Alcohol, Or Derivative
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Carboxylic Thioester
  • Cholesterol
  • Coenzyme A
  • Cyclic Alcohol
  • Cyclohexane
  • Decaline
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Hydroxy Bile Acid, Alcohol, Or Derivative
  • Imidazole
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Monosaccharide Phosphate
  • N Glycosyl Compound
  • Organic Hypophosphite
  • Organic Phosphite
  • Organic Pyrophosphate
  • Oxolane
  • Pentose Monosaccharide
  • Phosphoric Acid Ester
  • Polycyclic Triterpene
  • Purine
  • Purine Ribonucleoside 3',5' Bisphosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amide
  • Steroid
  • Terpene Glycoside
  • Tetrahydroxy Bile Acid, Alcohol, Or Derivative
  • Thiocarboxylic Acid Ester
  • Triterpene
  • Triterpene Glycoside
Direct ParentSteroidal Acyl CoAs
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
water solubility1.18 g/LALOGPS
logP0.65ALOGPS
logP-4.1ChemAxon
logS-3ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic)4.95ChemAxon
physiological charge-4ChemAxon
hydrogen acceptor count21ChemAxon
hydrogen donor count13ChemAxon
polar surface area444.55ChemAxon
rotatable bond count26ChemAxon
refractivity285.65ChemAxon
polarizability119.66ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Bile Acid BiosynthesisSMP00035map00120
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB024137
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID389556
KEGG Compound IDC05450
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB06890
Metagene LinkHMDB06890
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound440677
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27458
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. St-Pierre MV, Kullak-Ublick GA, Hagenbuch B, Meier PJ: Transport of bile acids in hepatic and non-hepatic tissues. J Exp Biol. 2001 May;204(Pt 10):1673-86. Pubmed: 11316487
  2. Claudel T, Staels B, Kuipers F: The Farnesoid X receptor: a molecular link between bile acid and lipid and glucose metabolism. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2005 Oct;25(10):2020-30. Epub 2005 Jul 21. Pubmed: 16037564
  3. Chiang JY: Bile acid regulation of hepatic physiology: III. Bile acids and nuclear receptors. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2003 Mar;284(3):G349-56. Pubmed: 12576301
  4. Davis RA, Miyake JH, Hui TY, Spann NJ: Regulation of cholesterol-7alpha-hydroxylase: BAREly missing a SHP. J Lipid Res. 2002 Apr;43(4):533-43. Pubmed: 11907135

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme acting on the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway for fatty acids. Catalyzes the formation of 3-ketoacyl-CoA intermediates from both straight-chain and 2-methyl-branched-chain fatty acids.
Gene Name:
HSD17B4
Uniprot ID:
P51659
Molecular weight:
79685.715
Reactions
3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA + NAD → 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-24-oxocholestanoyl-CoA + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
3a,7a,12a,24-Tetrahydroxy-5b-cholestanoyl-CoA → 3a,7a,12a-Trihydroxy-5b-cholest-24-enoyl-CoA + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Does not exhibit retinol dehydrogenase (RDH) activity in vitro
Gene Name:
RDH13
Uniprot ID:
Q8NBN7
Molecular weight:
35931.8
General function:
Involved in acyl-CoA dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
Has very high activity toward isobutyryl-CoA. Is an isobutyryl-CoA dehydrogenase that functions in valine catabolism. Plays a role in transcriptional coactivation within the ARC complex.
Gene Name:
ACAD8
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKU7
Molecular weight:
45069.39