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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-09-12 01:43:32 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:12:09 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB08824
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB05314
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePE(14:0/16:0)
DescriptionPE(14:0/16:0) is a phosphatidylethanolamine (PE or GPEtn). It is a glycerophospholipid in which a phosphorylethanolamine moiety occupies a glycerol substitution site. As is the case with diacylglycerols, glycerophosphoethanolamines can have many different combinations of fatty acids of varying lengths and saturation attached at the C-1 and C-2 positions. Fatty acids containing 16, 18 and 20 carbons are the most common. PE(14:0/16:0), in particular, consists of one chain of myristic acid at the C-1 position and one chain of palmitic acid at the C-2 position. The myristic acid moiety is derived from nutmeg and butter, while the palmitic acid moiety is derived from fish oils, milk fats, vegetable oils and animal fats. Phospholipids, are ubiquitous in nature and are key components of the lipid bilayer of cells, as well as being involved in metabolism and signaling.While most phospholipids have a saturated fatty acid on C-1 and an unsaturated fatty acid on C-2 of the glycerol backbone, the fatty acid distribution at the C-1 and C-2 positions of glycerol within phospholipids is continually in flux, owing to phospholipid degradation and the continuous phospholipid remodeling that occurs while these molecules are in membranes. PEs are neutral zwitterions at physiological pH. They mostly have palmitic or stearic acid on carbon 1 and a long chain unsaturated fatty acid (e.g. 18:2, 20:4 and 22:6) on carbon 2. PE synthesis can occur via two pathways. The first requires that ethanolamine be activated by phosphorylation and then coupled to CDP. The ethanolamine is then transferred from CDP-ethanolamine to phosphatidic acid to yield PE. The second involves the decarboxylation of PS.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-Myristoyl-2-palmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamineHMDB
GPEtn(14:0/16:0)HMDB
GPEtn(30:0)HMDB
PE(30:0)HMDB
Phophatidylethanolamine(14:0/16:0)HMDB
Phophatidylethanolamine(30:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC35H70NO8P
Average Molecular Weight663.906
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight663.483904733
IUPAC Name(2-aminoethoxy)[(2R)-2-(hexadecanoyloxy)-3-(tetradecanoyloxy)propoxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional Name2-aminoethoxy((2R)-2-(hexadecanoyloxy)-3-(tetradecanoyloxy)propoxy)phosphinic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@](COC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCC)(COP(O)(=O)OCCN)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C35H70NO8P/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-16-18-20-22-24-26-28-35(38)44-33(32-43-45(39,40)42-30-29-36)31-41-34(37)27-25-23-21-19-17-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h33H,3-32,36H2,1-2H3,(H,39,40)/t33-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=FXNACVVCWBVCGD-MGBGTMOVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phosphatidylethanolamines. These are glycerophosphoetahnolamines in which two fatty acids are bonded to the glycerol moiety through ester linkages.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoethanolamines
Direct ParentPhosphatidylethanolamines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Diacylglycero-3-phosphoethanolamine
  • Phosphoethanolamine
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Energy source
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000139 mg/mLALOGPS
logP7.58ALOGPS
logP9.56ChemAxon
logS-6.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.87ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area134.38 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count37ChemAxon
Refractivity181.8 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability80.78 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0006-9140102000-d6ede2394c0ede0af0e5View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0006-9240001000-76bc3759a3f03200db03View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0006-9350030000-79fc77cbddbb624b1230View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-0a6r-0190203000-97a9bc176b8b40883acdView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-004i-5490100000-2cbf5210db372a13d39eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-004i-9220000000-c8fabe6d74c8f43715cdView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
  • Brain
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0.386424596 +/- 0.230637613 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Most Probable)Calculated using MetaboAnalyst
Blood4.5 +/- 2.406241883 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal (Upper Limit)Calculated using MetaboAnalyst
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB026014
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID7825950
KEGG Compound IDC00350
BioCyc IDL-1-PHOSPHATIDYL-ETHANOLAMINE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkLecithin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB08824
Metagene LinkHMDB08824
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound9547000
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L-alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle.
Gene Name:
PLA2G5
Uniprot ID:
P39877
Molecular weight:
15674.065
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Hydrolyzes phosphatidylglycerol versus phosphatidylcholine with a 15-fold preference.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2F
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM2
Molecular weight:
23256.29
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
Not known; does not seem to have catalytic activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G12B
Uniprot ID:
Q9BX93
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a powerful potency for releasing arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids. Prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine liposomes to those of phosphatidylserine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G10
Uniprot ID:
O15496
Molecular weight:
18153.04
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZK7
Molecular weight:
15988.525
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the release of fatty acids from phospholipids. It has been implicated in normal phospholipid remodeling, nitric oxide-induced or vasopressin-induced arachidonic acid release and in leukotriene and prostaglandin production. May participate in fas mediated apoptosis and in regulating transmembrane ion flux in glucose-stimulated B-cells. Has a role in cardiolipin (CL) deacylation. Required for both speed and directionality of monocyte MCP1/CCL2-induced chemotaxis through regulation of F-actin polymerization at the pseudopods. Isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-1 and isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-2, which lack the catalytic domain, are probably involved in the negative regulation of iPLA2 activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G6
Uniprot ID:
O60733
Molecular weight:
84092.635
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine is more efficiently hydrolyzed than the other phospholipids examined.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2D
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNK4
Molecular weight:
16546.1
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
May have a role in signal-induced cytoskeletal regulation and/or endocytosis (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLD2
Uniprot ID:
O14939
Molecular weight:
104656.485
General function:
Involved in N-methyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes three sequential methylation reactions of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by AdoMet, thereby producing phosphatidylcholine (PC).
Gene Name:
PEMT
Uniprot ID:
Q9UBM1
Molecular weight:
23697.395
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Implicated as a critical step in numerous cellular pathways, including signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and the regulation of mitosis. May be involved in the regulation of perinuclear intravesicular membrane traffic (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLD1
Uniprot ID:
Q13393
Molecular weight:
124183.135
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Shows an 11-fold preference for phosphatidylglycerol over phosphatidylcholine (PC). Preferential cleavage: 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) > 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PE. Plays a role in ciliogenesis.
Gene Name:
PLA2G3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZ20
Molecular weight:
57166.51
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP11C
Uniprot ID:
Q8NB49
Molecular weight:
129476.0
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP11A
Uniprot ID:
P98196
Molecular weight:
129754.6
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP10A
Uniprot ID:
O60312
Molecular weight:
167686.6
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
May play a role in the transport of aminophospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of various membranes and the maintenance of asymmetric distribution of phospholipids in the canicular membrane. May have a role in transport of bile acids into the canaliculus, uptake of bile acids from intestinal contents into intestinal mucosa or both
Gene Name:
ATP8B1
Uniprot ID:
O43520
Molecular weight:
143694.1
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP9A
Uniprot ID:
O75110
Molecular weight:
118581.5
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP10D
Uniprot ID:
Q9P241
Molecular weight:
160272.3
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8A2
Uniprot ID:
Q9NTI2
Molecular weight:
129240.4
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
May play a role in the transport of aminophospholipids from the outer to the inner leaflet of various membranes and the maintenance of asymmetric distribution of phospholipids, mainly in secretory vesicles
Gene Name:
ATP8A1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2Q0
Molecular weight:
131368.2
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8B4
Uniprot ID:
Q8TF62
Molecular weight:
135867.0
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP11B
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y2G3
Molecular weight:
134188.6
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8B3
Uniprot ID:
O60423
Molecular weight:
146750.9
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May play a role in the antiviral response of interferon (IFN) by amplifying and enhancing the IFN response through increased expression of select subset of potent antiviral genes. May contribute to cytokine-regulated cell proliferation and differentiation
Gene Name:
PLSCR1
Uniprot ID:
O15162
Molecular weight:
35048.8
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylserine decarboxylase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PISD
Uniprot ID:
Q9UG56
Molecular weight:
43046.33
General function:
Involved in lipid binding
Specific function:
Converts HDL into larger and smaller particles. May play a key role in extracellular phospholipid transport and modulation of hdl particles
Gene Name:
PLTP
Uniprot ID:
P55058
Molecular weight:
54738.8
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis from CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine, respectively. Involved in protein-dependent process of phospholipid transport to distribute phosphatidyl choline to the lumenal surface. Has a higher cholinephosphotransferase activity than ethanolaminephosphotransferase activity.
Gene Name:
CEPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y6K0
Molecular weight:
46553.135
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLD3
Uniprot ID:
Q8IV08
Molecular weight:
54704.865
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLD4
Uniprot ID:
Q96BZ4
Molecular weight:
55626.055
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May mediate accelerated ATP-independent bidirectional transbilayer migration of phospholipids upon binding calcium ions that results in a loss of phospholipid asymmetry in the plasma membrane. May play a central role in the initiation of fibrin clot formation, in the activation of mast cells and in the recognition of apoptotic and injured cells by the reticuloendothelial system
Gene Name:
PLSCR2
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRY7
Molecular weight:
25522.5
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May mediate accelerated ATP-independent bidirectional transbilayer migration of phospholipids upon binding calcium ions that results in a loss of phospholipid asymmetry in the plasma membrane. May play a central role in the initiation of fibrin clot formation, in the activation of mast cells and in the recognition of apoptotic and injured cells by the reticuloendothelial system
Gene Name:
PLSCR3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRY6
Molecular weight:
31648.1
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
May mediate accelerated ATP-independent bidirectional transbilayer migration of phospholipids upon binding calcium ions that results in a loss of phospholipid asymmetry in the plasma membrane. May play a central role in the initiation of fibrin clot formation, in the activation of mast cells and in the recognition of apoptotic and injured cells by the reticuloendothelial system
Gene Name:
PLSCR4
Uniprot ID:
Q9NRQ2
Molecular weight:
37005.2
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLSCR5
Uniprot ID:
A0PG75
Molecular weight:
30026.2
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP10B
Uniprot ID:
O94823
Molecular weight:
165388.9
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
ATP + H(2)O + phospholipid(In) = ADP + phosphate + phospholipid(Out)
Gene Name:
ATP8B2
Uniprot ID:
P98198
Molecular weight:
137439.1
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Lysophospholipase selective for N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE). Contributes to the biosynthesis of N-acyl ethanolamines, including the endocannabinoid anandamide by hydrolyzing the sn-1 and sn-2 acyl chains from N-acyl phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE) generating glycerophospho-N-acyl ethanolamine (GP-NAE), an intermediate for N-acyl ethanolamine biosynthesis. Hydrolyzes substrates bearing saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated N-acyl chains. Shows no significant activity towards other lysophospholipids, including lysophosphatidylcholine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine and lysophosphatidylserine
Gene Name:
ABHD4
Uniprot ID:
Q8TB40
Molecular weight:
38794.1
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs) to produce N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) and phosphatidic acid. Responsible for the generation of anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine), the ligand of cannabinoid and vanilloid receptors (By similarity).
Gene Name:
NAPEPLD
Uniprot ID:
Q6IQ20
Molecular weight:
45595.15
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
HCNP may be involved in the function of the presynaptic cholinergic neurons of the central nervous system. HCNP increases the production of choline acetyltransferase but not acetylcholinesterase. Seems to be mediated by a specific receptor
Gene Name:
PEBP1
Uniprot ID:
P30086
Molecular weight:
21056.6
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Seems to promote cellular resistance to TNF-induced apoptosis by inhibiting activation of the Raf-1/MEK/ERK pathway, JNK and phosphatidylethanolamine externalization
Gene Name:
PEBP4
Uniprot ID:
Q96S96
Molecular weight:
25733.2
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis from CDP-ethanolamine. It thereby plays a central role in the formation and maintenance of vesicular membranes. Involved in the formation of phosphatidylethanolamine via 'Kennedy' pathway.
Gene Name:
EPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9C0D9
Molecular weight:
45228.42
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position with a preference for arachidonoyl phospholipids. Has a much weaker activity than PLA2G4A. Isoform 3 has calcium-dependent activity against palmitoyl-arachidonyl-phosphatidylethanolamine and low level lysophospholipase activity but no activity against phosphatidylcholine. Isoform 5 does have activity against phosphatidylcholine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4B
Uniprot ID:
P0C869
Molecular weight:
87977.02
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
Not Available
Uniprot ID:
Q59EA4
Molecular weight:
122007.8