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Record Information
Creation Date2008-09-15 09:55:09 UTC
Update Date2017-08-16 06:59:44 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB10213
Metabolite Identification
Common Name17-HDoHE
DescriptionDocosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is a omega-3 essential fatty acid that reduces the incidence and severity of a number of diseases. Recently, a novel series of DHA-derived lipid mediators with potent protective actions has been identified. In this study we demonstrate that dietary amplification of these DHA-derived products protects the liver from necroinflammatory injury. In vitro, supplementation of hepatocytes with DHA significantly reduced hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage, evaluated by the "comet assay," and oxidative stress, determined by measurement of malondialdehyde levels. In vivo, dietary supplementation of mice with DHA ameliorated carbon tetrachloride-induced necroinflammatory damage. In addition, hepatic cyclooxygenase-2 expression and PGE2 levels were significantly reduced in mice fed DHA-enriched diets. In these animals, increased hepatic formation of DHA-derived lipid mediators (i.e., 17S-hydroxy-DHA (17S-HDHA) and protectin D1) was detected by HPLC-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis. Consistent with these findings, synthetic 17-HDHA abrogated genotoxic and oxidative damage in hepatocytes and decreased TNF-alpha release and 5-lipoxygenase expression in macrophages. In a transactivation assay, 17-HDHA acted in a concentration-dependent manner as a PPARgamma agonist. Taken together, these findings identify a potential role for DHA-derived products, specifically 17S-HDHA and protectin D1, in mediating the protective effects of dietary DHA in necroinflammatory liver injury. (PMID: 17056761 ). This fatty acyl belongs to the main class of docosanoids. (Lipid Maps).
(+/-)-17-hydroxy-4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,15E,19Z-docosahexaenoic acidChEBI
(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,15E,19Z)-17-Hydroxydocosa-4,7,10,13,15,19-hexaenoic acidHMDB
(e,Z,Z,Z,Z,Z)-17-Hydroxy-, 4,7,10,13,15,19-docosahexaenoateHMDB
(e,Z,Z,Z,Z,Z)-17-Hydroxy-, 4,7,10,13,15,19-docosahexaenoic acidHMDB
17-Hydroxy-4,7,10,13,15,19-docosahexaenoic acidHMDB
17-Hydroxydocosahexaenoic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC22H32O3
Average Molecular Weight344.4877
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight344.23514489
IUPAC Name(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,15E,19Z)-17-hydroxydocosa-4,7,10,13,15,19-hexaenoic acid
Traditional Name17-HDoHE
CAS Registry Number90780-52-2
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as very long-chain fatty acids. These are fatty acids with an aliphatic tail that contains at least 22 carbon atoms.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct ParentVery long-chain fatty acids
Alternative Parents
  • Very long-chain fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
StatusDetected and Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Signaling
  • Not Available
Cellular locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.0012 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.89ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area57.53 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count14ChemAxon
Refractivity112.9 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000194 +/- 7E-6 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000773 +/- 0.00064 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027368
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4943608
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0010213
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6439179
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Levy BD, Kohli P, Gotlinger K, Haworth O, Hong S, Kazani S, Israel E, Haley KJ, Serhan CN: Protectin D1 is generated in asthma and dampens airway inflammation and hyperresponsiveness. J Immunol. 2007 Jan 1;178(1):496-502. [PubMed:17182589 ]
  2. Gonzalez-Periz A, Planaguma A, Gronert K, Miquel R, Lopez-Parra M, Titos E, Horrillo R, Ferre N, Deulofeu R, Arroyo V, Rodes J, Claria J: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) blunts liver injury by conversion to protective lipid mediators: protectin D1 and 17S-hydroxy-DHA. FASEB J. 2006 Dec;20(14):2537-9. Epub 2006 Oct 20. [PubMed:17056761 ]
  3. Miller C, Yamaguchi RY, Ziboh VA: Guinea pig epidermis generates putative anti-inflammatory metabolites from fish oil polyunsaturated fatty acids. Lipids. 1989 Dec;24(12):998-1003. [PubMed:2559281 ]