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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2008-09-15 10:33:36 UTC
Update Date2017-09-25 11:14:53 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0010226
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB10226
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCL(18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z))
DescriptionCL(18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)) is a cardiolipin (CL). Cardiolipins are sometimes called a 'double' phospholipid because they have four fatty acid tails, instead of the usual two. CL(18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z)) contains three chains of (11Z-octadecenoyl) at the C1, C2 and C3 positions, one chain of (9Z,12Z-octadecadienoyl) at the C4 position. While the theoretical charge of cardiolipins is -2, under normal physiological conditions (pH near 7), the molecule may carry only one negative charge. In prokaryotes such as E. coli, the enzyme known as diphosphatidylglycerol synthase catalyses the transfer of the phosphatidyl moiety of one phosphatidylglycerol to the free 3'-hydroxyl group of another, with the elimination of one molecule of glycerol. In E. coli, which acylates its glycerophospholipids with acyl chains ranging in length from 12 to 18 carbons and possibly containing an unsaturation, or a cyclopropane group more than 100 possible CL molecular species are theoretically possible, 53 of these species having been characterized. E. coli membranes consist of ~5% cardiolipin (CL), 20-25% phosphatidylglycerol (PG), and 70-80% phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as well as smaller amounts of phosphatidylserine (PS). CL is distributed between the two leaflets of the bilayers and is located preferentially at the poles and septa in E. coli and other rod-shaped bacteria. It is known that the polar positioning of the proline transporter ProP and the mechanosensitive ion channel MscS in E. coli is dependent on CL. It is believed that cell shape may influence the localization of CL and the localization of certain membrane proteins.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1'-[1,2-Divaccenoyl-rac-glycero-3-phospho],3'-[1,2-divaccenoyl-rac-glycero-3-phospho]-glycerolHMDB
Cardiolipin(18:1/18:1/18:1/18:1)HMDB
Cardiolipin(72:4)HMDB
CL(1'-[18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)],3'-[18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)])HMDB
CL(18:1/18:1/18:1/18:1)HMDB
CL(72:4)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC81H148O17P2
Average Molecular Weight1455.9791
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1455.019176334
IUPAC Name[3-({[(2R)-2,3-bis[(11Z)-octadec-11-enoyloxy]propoxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)-2-hydroxypropoxy][(2R)-3-[(11Z)-octadec-11-enoyloxy]-2-[(9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyloxy]propoxy]phosphinic acid
Traditional Name3-{[(2R)-2,3-bis[(11Z)-octadec-11-enoyloxy]propoxy(hydroxy)phosphoryl]oxy}-2-hydroxypropoxy(2R)-3-[(11Z)-octadec-11-enoyloxy]-2-[(9Z,12Z)-octadeca-9,12-dienoyloxy]propoxyphosphinic acid
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H]C(O)(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCC)COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@]([H])(COC(=O)CCCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCC)OC(=O)CCCCCCC\C=C/C\C=C/CCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C81H148O17P2/c1-5-9-13-17-21-25-29-33-37-41-45-49-53-57-61-65-78(83)91-71-76(97-80(85)67-63-59-55-51-47-43-39-35-31-27-23-19-15-11-7-3)73-95-99(87,88)93-69-75(82)70-94-100(89,90)96-74-77(98-81(86)68-64-60-56-52-48-44-40-36-32-28-24-20-16-12-8-4)72-92-79(84)66-62-58-54-50-46-42-38-34-30-26-22-18-14-10-6-2/h23,25-30,32,35,39,75-77,82H,5-22,24,31,33-34,36-38,40-74H2,1-4H3,(H,87,88)(H,89,90)/b27-23-,29-25-,30-26-,32-28-,39-35-/t75-,76-,77-/m1/s1
InChI KeyDVHFBMSATQSWMK-FGMTZBBSSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cardiolipins. These are glycerophospholipids in which the O1 and O3 oxygen atoms of the central glycerol moiety are each linked to one 1,2-diacylglycerol chain. Their general formula is OC(COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R1])O[R2])COP(O)(=O)OC[C@@H](CO[R3])O[R4], where R1-R4 are four fatty acyl chains.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphoglycerophosphoglycerols
Direct ParentCardiolipins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cardiolipin
  • Tetracarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition
Biological Location:
Source:
Route of exposure:
Subcellular:
Enteral:
Biological:
Tissue and substructures:
Animal:
Role
Biological role:
Process
Naturally occurring process:
Biological process:
Cellular process:
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility7.61e-05 mg/mLALOGPS
logP9.13ALOGPS
logP25.46ChemAxon
logS-7.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.59ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count9ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area236.95 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count81ChemAxon
Refractivity412.49 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability174.81 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Cardiolipin Biosynthesis CL(18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:1(11Z)/18:2(9Z,12Z))Pw029418Pw029418 greyscalePw029418 simpleNot Available
Displaying 1 entry
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027378
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0010226
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53480360
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in eukaryotic cell surface binding
Specific function:
Binds to various kinds of negatively charged substances such as heparin, phospholipids, and dextran sulfate. May prevent activation of the intrinsic blood coagulation cascade by binding to phospholipids on the surface of damaged cells
Gene Name:
APOH
Uniprot ID:
P02749
Molecular weight:
38297.8
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reversible phosphatidyl group transfer from one phosphatidylglycerol molecule to another to form cardiolipin (CL) (diphosphatidylglycerol) and glycerol.
Gene Name:
CRLS1
Uniprot ID:
Q9UJA2
Molecular weight:
22583.205
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Acyl-CoA:lysocardiolipin acyltransferase. Possesses both lysophosphatidylinositol acyltransferase (LPIAT) and lysophosphatidylglycerol acyltransferase (LPGAT) activities. Recognizes both monolysocardiolipin and dilysocardiolipin as substrates with a preference for linoleoyl-CoA and oleoyl-CoA as acyl donors. Acts as a remodeling enzyme for cardiolipin, a major membrane polyglycerophospholipid. Converts lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) into phosphatidic acid (PA) with a relatively low activity. Required for establishment of the hematopoietic and endothelial lineages.
Gene Name:
LCLAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q6UWP7
Molecular weight:
44560.815