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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-09-15 16:53:13 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 02:25:09 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0010323
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB10323
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhenethylamine glucuronide
DescriptionPhenethylamine glucuronide is a natural human metabolite of Phenethylamine generated in the liver by UDP glucuonyltransferase. Glucuronidation is used to assist in the excretion of toxic substances, drugs or other substances that cannot be used as an energy source. Glucuronic acid is attached via a glycosidic bond to the substance, and the resulting glucuronide, which has a much higher water solubility than the original substance, is eventually excreted by the kidneys.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Phenylethylamine glucuronideMeSH
Chemical FormulaC14H19NO6
Average Molecular Weight297.3038
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight297.121237345
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-[(2-phenylethyl)amino]oxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Namephenethylamine glucuronide
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
O[C@@H]1[C@@H](O)[C@H](NCCC2=CC=CC=C2)O[C@@H]([C@H]1O)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C14H19NO6/c16-9-10(17)12(14(19)20)21-13(11(9)18)15-7-6-8-4-2-1-3-5-8/h1-5,9-13,15-18H,6-7H2,(H,19,20)/t9-,10-,11+,12-,13+/m0/s1
InChI KeyOYNLGXUYULDVEJ-IEECTRCBSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as n-glucuronides. These are glucuronides in which the aglycone is linked to the carbohydrate unit through a N-glycosidic bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentN-glucuronides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • N-glucuronide
  • 1-n-glucuronide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Pyran
  • Benzenoid
  • Amino acid
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiaminal
  • Polyol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Secondary amine
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Source:

Biological location:

Role

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility20.7 g/LALOGPS
logP-1.5ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS-1.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.81ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count5ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area119.25 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity71.59 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability29.88 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0a6r-9440000000-53feb5385bf85eb9990dView in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (4 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-3122490000-d086a68a8f89f70181d7View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-008a-0390000000-c36c12c05b9bd705cc9cView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0ab9-1920000000-b61f7b736af2bb008eacView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0a4i-4900000000-749286a7ce9ce348b6d2View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-01ot-0890000000-3f93998103c3e2900a5bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-00el-2920000000-98736ca1b61facb0441bView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-05fs-7900000000-ec5e4aa12a33ac96e57dView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biospecimen Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Normal Concentrations
BiospecimenStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDFDB027475
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider ID166036
      KEGG Compound IDC03033
      BioCyc IDBeta-D-Glucuronides
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      METLIN IDNot Available
      PubChem Compound191195
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General ReferencesNot Available

      Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 18 proteins in total.

      Enzymes

      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B28
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9BY64
      Molecular weight:
      38742.9
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B4
      Uniprot ID:
      P06133
      Molecular weight:
      60512.035
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A4
      Uniprot ID:
      P22310
      Molecular weight:
      60024.535
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B7
      Uniprot ID:
      P16662
      Molecular weight:
      60720.15
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B15
      Uniprot ID:
      P54855
      Molecular weight:
      61035.815
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A1
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9Y4X1
      Molecular weight:
      60771.605
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A1
      Uniprot ID:
      P22309
      Molecular weight:
      59590.91
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A9
      Uniprot ID:
      O60656
      Molecular weight:
      59940.495
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A3
      Uniprot ID:
      P35503
      Molecular weight:
      60337.835
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B17
      Uniprot ID:
      O75795
      Molecular weight:
      61094.915

      Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 18 proteins in total.