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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-09-16 08:08:59 UTC
Update Date2017-03-02 21:31:15 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB10346
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTriiodothyronine glucuronide
DescriptionTriiodothyronine glucuronide is a natural human metabolite of Triiodothyronine generated in the liver by UDP glucuonyltransferase. Glucuronidation is used to assist in the excretion of toxic substances, drugs or other substances that cannot be used as an energy source. Glucuronic acid is attached via a glycosidic bond to the substance, and the resulting glucuronide, which has a much higher water solubility than the original substance, is eventually excreted by the kidneys.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(S)-4-(4-(2-amino-2-Carboxyethyl)-2,6-diiodophenoxy)-2-iodophenyl-beta-D-glucopyranosiduronic acidHMDB
(S)-4-(4-(2-amino-2-Carboxyethyl)-2,6-diiodophenoxy)-2-iodophenyl-beta-delta-glucopyranosiduronic acidHMDB
Triiodothyronine glucuronosideHMDB
T3GMeSH
Chemical FormulaC21H20I3NO10
Average Molecular Weight827.0976
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight826.822126125
IUPAC Name(2S,3S,4S,5R,6S)-6-(4-{4-[(2S)-2-amino-2-carboxyethyl]-2,6-diiodophenoxy}-2-iodophenoxy)-3,4,5-trihydroxyoxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Nametriiodothyronine glucuronide
CAS Registry Number29919-72-0
SMILES
N[C@@H](CC1=CC(I)=C(OC2=CC(I)=C(O[C@@H]3O[C@@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]3O)C(O)=O)C=C2)C(I)=C1)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H20I3NO10/c22-9-6-8(33-17-10(23)3-7(4-11(17)24)5-12(25)19(29)30)1-2-13(9)34-21-16(28)14(26)15(27)18(35-21)20(31)32/h1-4,6,12,14-16,18,21,26-28H,5,25H2,(H,29,30)(H,31,32)/t12-,14-,15-,16+,18-,21+/m0/s1
InChI KeyYYFGGGCINNGOLE-ZDXOGFQLSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as phenylalanine and derivatives. These are compounds containing phenylalanine or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of phenylalanine at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentPhenylalanine and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylalanine or derivatives
  • Phenolic glycoside
  • O-glucuronide
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • Diphenylether
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • 3-phenylpropanoic-acid
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Diaryl ether
  • Amphetamine or derivatives
  • L-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid
  • Phenoxy compound
  • Phenol ether
  • Halobenzene
  • Aralkylamine
  • Iodobenzene
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl iodide
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Benzenoid
  • Monosaccharide
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Amino acid
  • Acetal
  • Polyol
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Ether
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Primary amine
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Organoiodide
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Waste products
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.067 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-0.15ALOGPS
logP0.77ChemAxon
logS-4.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.29ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)9.43ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area189 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count8ChemAxon
Refractivity145.44 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability59.63 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
    details
    UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableNormal
      details
      Abnormal Concentrations
      Not Available
      Associated Disorders and Diseases
      Disease ReferencesNone
      Associated OMIM IDsNone
      DrugBank IDNot Available
      DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
      Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
      FoodDB IDFDB027498
      KNApSAcK IDNot Available
      Chemspider ID2338495
      KEGG Compound IDC03033
      BioCyc IDBeta-D-Glucuronides
      BiGG IDNot Available
      Wikipedia LinkNot Available
      NuGOwiki LinkHMDB10346
      Metagene LinkHMDB10346
      METLIN IDNot Available
      PubChem Compound3080759
      PDB IDNot Available
      ChEBI IDNot Available
      References
      Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
      Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
      General ReferencesNot Available

      Enzymes

      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme has glucuronidating capacity with steroid substrates such as 5-beta-androstane 3-alpha,17-beta-diol, estradiol, ADT, eugenol and bile acids. Only isoform 1 seems to be active.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B28
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9BY64
      Molecular weight:
      38742.9
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B4
      Uniprot ID:
      P06133
      Molecular weight:
      60512.035
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A4
      Uniprot ID:
      P22310
      Molecular weight:
      60024.535
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B7
      Uniprot ID:
      P16662
      Molecular weight:
      60720.15
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme displays activity toward several classes of xenobiotic substrates, including simple phenolic compounds, 7-hydroxylated coumarins, flavonoids, anthraquinones, and certain drugs and their hydroxylated metabolites. It also catalyzes the glucuronidation of endogenous estrogens and androgens.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B15
      Uniprot ID:
      P54855
      Molecular weight:
      61035.815
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Active on odorants and seems to be involved in olfaction; it could help clear lipophilic odorant molecules from the sensory epithelium.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A1
      Uniprot ID:
      Q9Y4X1
      Molecular weight:
      60771.605
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A1
      Uniprot ID:
      P22309
      Molecular weight:
      59590.91
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A9
      Uniprot ID:
      O60656
      Molecular weight:
      59940.495
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A3
      Uniprot ID:
      P35503
      Molecular weight:
      60337.835
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. The major substrates of this isozyme are eugenol > 4-methylumbelliferone > dihydrotestosterone (DHT) > androstane-3-alpha,17-beta-diol (3-alpha-diol) > testosterone > androsterone (ADT).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B17
      Uniprot ID:
      O75795
      Molecular weight:
      61094.915
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A6
      Uniprot ID:
      P19224
      Molecular weight:
      60750.215
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A5
      Uniprot ID:
      P35504
      Molecular weight:
      60070.565
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds.
      Gene Name:
      UGT2B11
      Uniprot ID:
      O75310
      Molecular weight:
      61037.8
      General function:
      Involved in hydrolase activity, hydrolyzing O-glycosyl compounds
      Specific function:
      Plays an important role in the degradation of dermatan and keratan sulfates.
      Gene Name:
      GUSB
      Uniprot ID:
      P08236
      Molecular weight:
      74731.46
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      UDP-glucuronosyltransferases catalyze phase II biotransformation reactions in which lipophilic substrates are conjugated with glucuronic acid to increase water solubility and enhance excretion. They are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds (By similarity).
      Gene Name:
      UGT2A3
      Uniprot ID:
      Q6UWM9
      Molecular weight:
      60253.94
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A10
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DT02
      Molecular weight:
      59809.1
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A8
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ6
      Molecular weight:
      59741.0
      General function:
      Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
      Specific function:
      Not Available
      Gene Name:
      UGT1A7
      Uniprot ID:
      Q5DSZ7
      Molecular weight:
      59818.3