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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2008-09-16 13:20:23 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 02:25:33 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0010409
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB10409
Metabolite Identification
Common Name11,12-EpETrE
Description11,12-EpETrE or 11,12-epoxy-5Z,8Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid is an epoxyeicosatrienoic acid or an EET derived from arachadonic acid. EETs function as autacrine and paracrine mediators. During inflammation, a large amount of arachidonic acid (AA) is released into the cellular milieu and cyclooxygenase enzymes convert this AA to prostaglandins that in turn sensitize pain pathways. However, AA is also converted to natural epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) by cytochrome P450 enzymes. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenases convert arachidonic acid to four epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET) regioisomers, 5,6-, 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-EET. EETs produce vascular relaxation by activating smooth muscle large-conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels. In particular, 11,12-epoxy-5Z,8Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acid has been show to play a role in the recovery of depleted Ca2+ pools in cultured smooth muscle cells (PMID: 9368016 ). In addition, EETs have antiinflammatory effects on blood vessels and in the kidney, promote angiogenesis, and protect ischemic myocardium and brain. EET levels are typically regulated by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH), the major enzyme degrading EETs. Specifically, soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) converts EETs to dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+/-)11(12)-eetHMDB
(+/-)11(12)-epetreHMDB
(+/-)11,12-epetreHMDB
(5Z,8Z,14Z)-11,12-Epoxyeicosa-5,8,14-trienoateHMDB
(5Z,8Z,14Z)-11,12-Epoxyeicosa-5,8,14-trienoic acidHMDB
(5Z,8Z,14Z)-11,12-Epoxyicosa-5,8,14-trienoateHMDB
(5Z,8Z,14Z)-11,12-Epoxyicosa-5,8,14-trienoic acidHMDB
11,12-EetHMDB
11,12-Epoxy-5Z,8Z,14Z-eicosatrienoateHMDB
11,12-Epoxy-5Z,8Z,14Z-eicosatrienoic acidHMDB
11,12-Epoxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acidMeSH
11,12-Epoxyeicosatrienoic acidMeSH
11,12-Epoxy-5,8,14-eicosatrienoic acid, (2alpha(5Z,8Z),3alpha(Z))-isomerMeSH
11,12-oxido-5,8,14-Eicosatrienoic acidMeSH
Chemical FormulaC20H32O3
Average Molecular Weight320.4663
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight320.23514489
IUPAC NameNot Available
Traditional NameNot Available
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILESNot Available
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H32O3/c1-2-3-4-5-9-12-15-18-19(23-18)16-13-10-7-6-8-11-14-17-20(21)22/h6,8-10,12-13,18-19H,2-5,7,11,14-17H2,1H3,(H,21,22)/b8-6+,12-9+,13-10-
InChI KeyDXOYQVHGIODESM-IQCOFVSKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as hepoxilins. These are eicosanoids containing an oxirane group attached to the fatty acyl chain.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct ParentHepoxilins
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hepoxilin
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Epoxy fatty acid
  • Heterocyclic fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Oxirane
  • Ether
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Biofluid and excreta:

  Cell and elements:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

  Molecular messenger:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted PropertiesNot Available
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-0005-8890000000-814f2ecb5268b0b15245View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-009b-9373000000-bbb29257f5d97dc8d526View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-0udi-0229000000-90a76fe52dc4d9eab5d0View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0fmi-2911000000-e79e61f8911a74d94f66View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0abl-9600000000-b58e39c0b96cbdb95246View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-014i-0219000000-953df4245267b0f16727View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-0gdi-1539000000-397cdd7806dd16695a0eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-052f-9800000000-e9f4139e3da65b77c0f0View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000303+/- 0.000023 uMAdult (>18 years old)Not SpecifiedNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.000303 +/- 0.000028 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.00102 +/- 0.0014 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)Detected and Quantified0.00001 +/- 0.00002 uMAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
    • John W. Newman, U...
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027560
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53480479
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Graber MN, Alfonso A, Gill DL: Recovery of Ca2+ pools and growth in Ca2+ pool-depleted cells is mediated by specific epoxyeicosatrienoic acids derived from arachidonic acid. J Biol Chem. 1997 Nov 21;272(47):29546-53. [PubMed:9368016 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the omega- and (omega-1)-hydroxylation of various fatty acids such as laurate, myristate and palmitate. Has little activity toward prostaglandins A1 and E1. Oxidizes arachidonic acid to 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE).
Gene Name:
CYP4A11
Uniprot ID:
Q02928
Molecular weight:
59347.31
Reactions
Arachidonic acid + Oxygen + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 11,12-EpETrE + NADP + Waterdetails
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Bifunctional enzyme. The C-terminal domain has epoxide hydrolase activity and acts on epoxides (alkene oxides, oxiranes) and arene oxides. Plays a role in xenobiotic metabolism by degrading potentially toxic epoxides. Also determines steady-state levels of physiological mediators. The N-terminal domain has lipid phosphatase activity, with the highest activity towards threo-9,10-phosphonooxy-hydroxy-octadecanoic acid, followed by erythro-9,10-phosphonooxy-hydroxy-octadecanoic acid, 12-phosphonooxy-octadec-9Z-enoic acid, 12-phosphonooxy-octadec-9E-enoic acid, and p-nitrophenyl phospate.
Gene Name:
EPHX2
Uniprot ID:
P34913
Molecular weight:
62615.22
Reactions
11,12-EpETrE + Water → 11,12-DiHETrEdetails
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the omega- and (omega-1)-hydroxylation of various fatty acids such as laurate and palmitate. Shows no activity towards arachidonic acid and prostaglandin A1. Lacks functional activity in the kidney and does not contribute to renal 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE) biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
CYP4A22
Uniprot ID:
Q5TCH4
Molecular weight:
59245.28
Reactions
Arachidonic acid + Oxygen + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 11,12-EpETrE + NADP + Waterdetails