Human Metabolome Database Version 3.5

Showing metabocard for Galactosylceramide (d18:1/22:0) (HMDB10711)

Record Information
Version 3.5
Creation Date 2008-09-26 08:11:47 -0600
Update Date 2013-05-21 16:44:33 -0600
HMDB ID HMDB10711
Secondary Accession Numbers None
Metabolite Identification
Common Name Galactosylceramide (d18:1/22:0)
Description Galactosylceramides (GalCer) are non-acidic monoglycosphingolipids, i.e. a sphingolipids with one carbohydrate moiety attached to a ceramide unit. They are an intermediate in sphingolipid metabolism and is the second to last step in the synthesis of digalactosylceramidesulfate. GalCer is generated from ceramide via the enzyme UDP-galactose ceramide galactosyltransferase [EC:2.4.1.47]. It can be converted to digalactosylceramide via the enzyme glycosyltransferases [EC 2.4.1.-]. Galactosylceramide is the principal glycosphingolipid in brain tissue, hence the trivial name "cerebroside", which was first conferred on it in 1874. Galactosylceramides are found in all nervous tissues, but they can amount to 2% of the dry weight of grey matter and 12% of white matter. They are major constituents of oligodendrocytes. Synthesis of galactosylceramide takes place on the lumenal surface of the endoplasmic reticulum, although it has free access to the cytosolic surface by an energy-independent flip-flop process. GalCer sits in the extracellular leaflet of cell membranes in nanometer sized domains or rafts. The local clustering of GalCer within rafts is thought to facilitate the initial adhesion of certain viruses, including HIV-1 and bacteria to cells through multivalent interactions between receptor proteins and GalCer. A defect in the degradation of cerbrosides leads to a disorder called Krabbe disease. Krabbe disease (also known as globoid cell leukodystrophy or galactosylceramide lipidosis) is a rare, often fatal degenerative disorder that affects the myelin sheath of the nervous system. Krabbe disease is caused by mutations in the GALC gene, which causes a deficiency of galactosylceramidase. Infants with Krabbe disease are normal at birth. Symptoms begin between the ages of 3 and 6 months with irritability, fevers, limb stiffness, seizures, feeding difficulties, vomiting, and slowing of mental and motor development. There are also juvenile- and adult-onset cases of Krabbe disease, which have similar symptoms but slower progression. In infants, the disease is generally fatal before age 2. Patients with late-onset Krabbe disease tend to have a slower progression of the disease and live significantly longer.Cerebrosides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Cerebrosides have a single sugar group linked to ceramide. The most common are galactocerebrosides (containing galactose), the least common are glucocerebrosides (containing glucose). Galactocerebrosides are found predominantly in neuronal cell membranes. In contrast glucocerebrosides are not normally found in membranes. Instead, they are typically intermediates in the synthesis or degradation of more complex glycosphingolipids. Galactocerebrosides are synthesized from ceramide and UDP-galactose. Excess lysosomal accumulation of glucocerebrosides is found in Gaucher disease.
Structure Thumb
Download: MOL | SDF | PDB | SMILES | InChI
Display: 2D Structure | 3D Structure
Synonyms
  1. a-GalCer
  2. alpha-GalCer
  3. Cerebroside
  4. D-Galactosyl-N-acylsphingosine
  5. D-Galactosylceramide
  6. delta-Galactosyl-N-acylsphingosine
  7. delta-Galactosylceramide
  8. Gal-b-Cer
  9. Gal-beta-1-1'Cer
  10. Gal-beta-Cer
  11. Galactocerebroside
  12. Galactosylceramide
  13. GalCer
  14. N-(Docosanoyl)-1-b-galactosyl-sphing-4-enine
  15. N-(Docosanoyl)-1-beta-galactosyl-sphing-4-enine
Chemical Formula C46H89NO8
Average Molecular Weight 784.2008
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight 783.658818829
IUPAC Name N-[(4Z)-3-hydroxy-1-{[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}octadec-4-en-2-yl]docosanamide
Traditional IUPAC Name N-[(4Z)-3-hydroxy-1-{[(2R,3R,4S,5R,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]oxy}octadec-4-en-2-yl]docosanamide
CAS Registry Number Not Available
SMILES CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC(=O)NC(CO[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]1O)C(O)\C=C/CCCCCCCCCCCCC
InChI Identifier InChI=1S/C46H89NO8/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-18-19-20-21-22-24-26-28-30-32-34-36-42(50)47-39(38-54-46-45(53)44(52)43(51)41(37-48)55-46)40(49)35-33-31-29-27-25-23-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2/h33,35,39-41,43-46,48-49,51-53H,3-32,34,36-38H2,1-2H3,(H,47,50)/b35-33-/t39?,40?,41-,43+,44+,45-,46-/m1/s1
InChI Key YIGARKIIFOHVPF-UEJODPTRSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
Kingdom Organic Compounds
Super Class Lipids
Class Sphingolipids
Sub Class Neutral Glycosphingolipids
Other Descriptors
  • Aliphatic Heteromonocyclic Compounds
Substituents
  • 1,2 Diol
  • Acetal
  • Alkyl Glycoside
  • Allyl Alcohol
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Ceramide
  • Fatty Acyl Glycoside
  • Glycosyl Compound
  • Hexose Monosaccharide
  • N Acyl Amine
  • O Glycosyl Compound
  • Oxane
  • Primary Alcohol
  • Saccharide
  • Secondary Alcohol
  • Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amide
Direct Parent Simple Glycosylceramides
Ontology
Status Expected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Energy source
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane component
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
State Solid
Experimental Properties
Property Value Reference
Melting Point Not Available Not Available
Boiling Point Not Available Not Available
Water Solubility Not Available Not Available
LogP Not Available Not Available
Predicted Properties
Property Value Source
Water Solubility 2.780E-04 g/L ALOGPS
LogP 8.85 ALOGPS
LogP 11.76 ChemAxon
LogS -6.45 ALOGPS
pKa (strongest acidic) 12.18 ChemAxon
pKa (strongest basic) 0.019 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count 8 ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count 6 ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area 148.71 A2 ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count 39 ChemAxon
Refractivity 225.8 ChemAxon
Polarizability 100.79 ChemAxon
Formal Charge 0 ChemAxon
Physiological Charge 0 ChemAxon
Spectra
Not Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations Not Available
Tissue Location
  • All Tissues
Pathways Not Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease References None
Associated OMIM IDs None
DrugBank ID Not Available
DrugBank Metabolite ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Compound ID Not Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite ID Not Available
FoodDB ID FDB027861
KNApSAcK ID Not Available
Chemspider ID 24765747 Link_out
KEGG Compound ID C02686 Link_out
BioCyc ID Not Available
BiGG ID Not Available
Wikipedia Link Not Available
NuGOwiki Link HMDB10711 Link_out
Metagene Link HMDB10711 Link_out
METLIN ID Not Available
PubChem Compound 53480655 Link_out
PDB ID Not Available
ChEBI ID Not Available
References
Synthesis Reference Not Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Not Available
General References
  1. Wang J, Guillaume J, Pauwels N, Van Calenbergh S, Van Rhijn I, Zajonc DM: Crystal structures of bovine CD1d reveal altered alphaGalCer presentation and a restricted A' pocket unable to bind long-chain glycolipids. PLoS One. 2012;7(10):e47989. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0047989. Epub 2012 Oct 23. Pubmed: 23110152 Link_out
  2. Okamoto Y, Fujikawa A, Kurosaki M, Yamasaki K, Sakurai D, Horiguchi S, Nakayama T: Nasal submucosal administration of antigen-presenting cells induces effective immunological responses in cancer immunotherapy. Adv Otorhinolaryngol. 2011;72:149-52. doi: 10.1159/000324775. Epub 2011 Aug 18. Pubmed: 21865716 Link_out
  3. Lopez-Sagaseta J, Kung JE, Savage PB, Gumperz J, Adams EJ: The molecular basis for recognition of CD1d/alpha-galactosylceramide by a human non-Valpha24 T cell receptor. PLoS Biol. 2012;10(10):e1001412. doi: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1001412. Epub 2012 Oct 23. Pubmed: 23109910 Link_out
  4. Tonti E, Fedeli M, Napolitano A, Iannacone M, von Andrian UH, Guidotti LG, Abrignani S, Casorati G, Dellabona P: Follicular helper NKT cells induce limited B cell responses and germinal center formation in the absence of CD4(+) T cell help. J Immunol. 2012 Apr 1;188(7):3217-22. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1103501. Epub 2012 Feb 29. Pubmed: 22379027 Link_out
  5. Freigang S, Landais E, Zadorozhny V, Kain L, Yoshida K, Liu Y, Deng S, Palinski W, Savage PB, Bendelac A, Teyton L: Scavenger receptors target glycolipids for natural killer T cell activation. J Clin Invest. 2012 Nov 1;122(11):3943-54. doi: 10.1172/JCI62267. Epub 2012 Oct 15. Pubmed: 23064364 Link_out
  6. Yang JQ, Kim PJ, Singh RR: Brief treatment with iNKT cell ligand alpha-galactosylceramide confers a long-term protection against lupus. J Clin Immunol. 2012 Feb;32(1):106-13. doi: 10.1007/s10875-011-9590-y. Epub 2011 Oct 15. Pubmed: 22002593 Link_out
  7. Patel O, Pellicci DG, Uldrich AP, Sullivan LC, Bhati M, McKnight M, Richardson SK, Howell AR, Mallevaey T, Zhang J, Bedel R, Besra GS, Brooks AG, Kjer-Nielsen L, McCluskey J, Porcelli SA, Gapin L, Rossjohn J, Godfrey DI: Vbeta2 natural killer T cell antigen receptor-mediated recognition of CD1d-glycolipid antigen. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Nov 22;108(47):19007-12. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1109066108. Epub 2011 Nov 7. Pubmed: 22065767 Link_out
  8. Detre C, Keszei M, Garrido-Mesa N, Kis-Toth K, Castro W, Agyemang AF, Veerapen N, Besra GS, Carroll MC, Tsokos GC, Wang N, Leadbetter EA, Terhorst C: SAP expression in invariant NKT cells is required for cognate help to support B-cell responses. Blood. 2012 Jul 5;120(1):122-9. doi: 10.1182/blood-2011-11-395913. Epub 2012 May 21. Pubmed: 22613797 Link_out
  9. Tyznik AJ, Farber E, Girardi E, Birkholz A, Li Y, Chitale S, So R, Arora P, Khurana A, Wang J, Porcelli SA, Zajonc DM, Kronenberg M, Howell AR: Glycolipids that elicit IFN-gamma-biased responses from natural killer T cells. Chem Biol. 2011 Dec 23;18(12):1620-30. doi: 10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.10.015. Pubmed: 22195564 Link_out
  10. Nagy L: Would eating carrots protect your liver? A new role involving NKT cells for retinoic acid in hepatitis. Eur J Immunol. 2012 Jul;42(7):1677-80. doi: 10.1002/eji.201242705. Pubmed: 22806070 Link_out
  11. Choi DH, Kim KS, Yang SH, Chung DH, Song B, Sprent J, Cho JH, Sung YC: Dendritic cell internalization of alpha-galactosylceramide from CD8 T cells induces potent antitumor CD8 T-cell responses. Cancer Res. 2011 Dec 15;71(24):7442-51. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-11-1459. Epub 2011 Oct 25. Pubmed: 22028323 Link_out
  12. Yu ED, Girardi E, Wang J, Mac TT, Yu KO, Van Calenbergh S, Porcelli SA, Zajonc DM: Structural basis for the recognition of C20:2-alphaGalCer by the invariant natural killer T cell receptor-like antibody L363. J Biol Chem. 2012 Jan 6;287(2):1269-78. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.308783. Epub 2011 Nov 22. Pubmed: 22110136 Link_out
  13. Kim YJ, Han SH, Kang HW, Lee JM, Kim YS, Seo JH, Seong YK, Ko HJ, Choi TH, Moon C, Kang CY: NKT ligand-loaded, antigen-expressing B cells function as long-lasting antigen presenting cells in vivo. Cell Immunol. 2011;270(2):135-44. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2011.04.006. Epub 2011 Apr 22. Pubmed: 21741036 Link_out
  14. Chen Q, Ross AC: All-trans-retinoic acid and the glycolipid alpha-galactosylceramide combined reduce breast tumor growth and lung metastasis in a 4T1 murine breast tumor model. Nutr Cancer. 2012;64(8):1219-27. doi: 10.1080/01635581.2012.718404. Pubmed: 23163850 Link_out

Enzymes

Show all enzymes and transporters Important Only showing the first 50 enzymes. There are 70 enzymes in total.

Name: Galactocerebrosidase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GALC
Uniprot ID: P54803 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Arylsulfatase D
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: ARSD
Uniprot ID: P51689 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sialidase-2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: NEU2
Uniprot ID: Q9Y3R4 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Galactosylceramide sulfotransferase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GAL3ST1
Uniprot ID: Q99999 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Arylsulfatase A
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: ARSA
Uniprot ID: P15289 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sialidase-4
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: NEU4
Uniprot ID: Q8WWR8 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Arylsulfatase E
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: ARSE
Uniprot ID: P51690 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Globoside alpha-1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GBGT1
Uniprot ID: Q8N5D6 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol de-N-acetylase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGL
Uniprot ID: Q9Y2B2 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Alpha-galactosidase A
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GLA
Uniprot ID: P06280 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: SMPD1
Uniprot ID: P17405 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Ceramide glucosyltransferase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: UGCG
Uniprot ID: Q16739 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Lactosylceramide 4-alpha-galactosyltransferase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: A4GALT
Uniprot ID: Q9NPC4 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit Q
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGQ
Uniprot ID: Q9BRB3 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit A
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGA
Uniprot ID: P37287 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit H
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGH
Uniprot ID: Q14442 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit P
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGP
Uniprot ID: P57054 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit C
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGC
Uniprot ID: Q92535 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Acid ceramidase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: ASAH1
Uniprot ID: Q13510 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 7
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: ENPP7
Uniprot ID: Q6UWV6 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: SMPD2
Uniprot ID: O60906 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: 2-hydroxyacylsphingosine 1-beta-galactosyltransferase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: UGT8
Uniprot ID: Q16880 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Collagen type IV alpha-3-binding protein
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: COL4A3BP
Uniprot ID: Q9Y5P4 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Ganglioside GM2 activator
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GM2A
Uniprot ID: P17900 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Glucosylceramidase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: GBA
Uniprot ID: P04062 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: T-cell surface glycoprotein CD1e, membrane-associated
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: CD1E
Uniprot ID: P15812 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Epididymal secretory protein E1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: NPC2
Uniprot ID: P61916 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Ceramide synthase 1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: CERS1
Uniprot ID: P27544 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Antigen-presenting glycoprotein CD1d
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: CD1D
Uniprot ID: P15813 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI mannosyltransferase 1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGM
Uniprot ID: Q9H3S5 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class W protein
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGW
Uniprot ID: Q7Z7B1 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class X protein
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGX
Uniprot ID: Q8TBF5 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI mannosyltransferase 4
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGZ
Uniprot ID: Q86VD9 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Lactosylceramide 1,3-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyltransferase
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: B3GNT5
Uniprot ID: Q9BYG0 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 3
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: SMPD3
Uniprot ID: Q9NY59 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Beta-1,3-galactosyltransferase 5
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: B3GALT5
Uniprot ID: Q9Y2C3 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Beta-1,4-galactosyltransferase 6
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: B4GALT6
Uniprot ID: Q9UBX8 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI mannosyltransferase 3
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGB
Uniprot ID: Q92521 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol-glycan biosynthesis class F protein
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGF
Uniprot ID: Q07326 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGG
Uniprot ID: Q5H8A4 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 1
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGN
Uniprot ID: O95427 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI ethanolamine phosphate transferase 3
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGO
Uniprot ID: Q8TEQ8 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI transamidase component PIG-S
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGS
Uniprot ID: Q96S52 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI transamidase component PIG-T
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGT
Uniprot ID: Q969N2 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis class U protein
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGU
Uniprot ID: Q9H490 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: GPI mannosyltransferase 2
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGV
Uniprot ID: Q9NUD9 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Phosphatidylinositol N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase subunit Y
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PIGY
Uniprot ID: Q3MUY2 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Pleckstrin homology domain-containing family A member 8
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: PLEKHA8
Uniprot ID: Q96JA3 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Sphingomyelin phosphodiesterase 4
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: SMPD4
Uniprot ID: Q9NXE4 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA
Name: Putative neutral ceramidase C
Reactions: Not Available
Gene Name: ASAH2C
Uniprot ID: P0C7U2 Link_out
Protein Sequence: FASTA
Gene Sequence: FASTA