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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2008-10-29 14:26:08 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 02:29:20 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0011148
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB11148
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePC(18:1(9Z)e/2:0)
Description2-Acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is an intermediate in ether lipid metabolism. 2-Acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is converted from 2-acetyl-1-octadecyl-sn-glycerol via diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase (EC: 2.7.8.2). This is an ether lipid with platelet-activating factor functions which has an acetyl group instead of an acyl chain at the second position (SN-2). Ether lipids are lipids in which one or more of the carbon atoms on glycerol is bonded to an alkyl chain via an ether linkage, as opposed to the usual ester linkage.While most phospholipids have a saturated fatty acid on C-1 and an unsaturated fatty acid on C-2 of the glycerol backbone, the fatty acid distribution at the C-1 and C-2 positions of glycerol within phospholipids is continually in flux, owing to phospholipid degradation and the continuous phospholipid remodeling that occurs while these molecules are in membranes. PCs can be synthesized via three different routes. In one route, choline is activated first by phosphorylation and then by coupling to CDP prior to attachment to phosphatidic acid. PCs can also synthesized by the addition of choline to CDP-activated 1,2-diacylglycerol. A third route to PC synthesis involves the conversion of either PS or PE to PC.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2-Acetyloxy-3-octadec-9-enoxypropyl) 2-trimethylazaniumylethyl phosphateHMDB
2-Acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholineHMDB
PC(O-18:1(9Z)/2:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC28H56NO7P
Average Molecular Weight549.7205
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight549.379439663
IUPAC Name(2-{[(2R)-2-(acetyloxy)-3-[(9Z)-octadec-9-en-1-yloxy]propyl phosphonato]oxy}ethyl)trimethylazanium
Traditional Nameplatelet-activating factor
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCCOC[C@]([H])(COP([O-])(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C)OC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C28H56NO7P/c1-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-23-33-25-28(36-27(2)30)26-35-37(31,32)34-24-22-29(3,4)5/h13-14,28H,6-12,15-26H2,1-5H3/b14-13-/t28-/m1/s1
InChI KeyZBOQHUSCQCEBGK-JLRCLJKCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-alkyl,2-acetylglycero-3-phosphocholines. These are glycerophosphocholines that carry exactly one acetyl chain attached to the glycerol moiety through an ester linkage at the O2-position, and one alkyl chain attached through an ether linkage at the O1-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphocholines
Direct Parent1-alkyl,2-acetylglycero-3-phosphocholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-alkyl,2-acetylglycero-3-phosphocholine
  • Phosphocholine
  • Glycerol ether
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Ether
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological location:

  Cell and elements:

  Subcellular:

Source:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Cellular process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00015 g/LALOGPS
logP3.14ALOGPS
logP2.54ChemAxon
logS-6.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.12 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count27ChemAxon
Refractivity161.99 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability64.62 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027923
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID24766792
KEGG Compound IDC04598
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound16759362
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID847856
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. Divecha N, Irvine RF: Phospholipid signaling. Cell. 1995 Jan 27;80(2):269-78. [PubMed:7834746 ]
  6. Cevc, Gregor (1993). Phospholipids Handbook. Marcel Dekker.
  7. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 76 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Inactivates PAF by removing the acetyl group at the sn-2 position. This is a catalytic subunit.
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B2
Uniprot ID:
P68402
Molecular weight:
22733.715
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Inactivates paf by removing the acetyl group at the sn-2 position. This is a catalytic subunit. Plays an important role during the development of brain.
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B3
Uniprot ID:
Q15102
Molecular weight:
25734.13
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-independent. Mediates the conversion of 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively. May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology.
Gene Name:
LPCAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8NF37
Molecular weight:
59150.675
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L-alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle.
Gene Name:
PLA2G5
Uniprot ID:
P39877
Molecular weight:
15674.065
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Bidirectional lipid cholinephosphotransferase capable of converting phosphatidylcholine (PC) and ceramide to sphingomyelin (SM) and diacylglycerol (DAG) and vice versa. Direction is dependent on the relative concentrations of DAG and ceramide as phosphocholine acceptors. Directly and specifically recognizes the choline head group on the substrate. Also requires two fatty chains on the choline-P donor molecule in order to be recognized efficiently as a substrate. Does not function strictly as a SM synthase. Suppresses BAX-mediated apoptosis and also prevents cell death in response to stimuli such as hydrogen peroxide, osmotic stress, elevated temperature and exogenously supplied sphingolipids. May protect against cell death by reversing the stress-inducible increase in levels of proapoptotic ceramide. Required for cell growth
Gene Name:
SGMS1
Uniprot ID:
Q86VZ5
Molecular weight:
49207.3
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Hydrolyzes phosphatidylglycerol versus phosphatidylcholine with a 15-fold preference.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2F
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM2
Molecular weight:
23256.29
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis from CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine, respectively. Involved in protein-dependent process of phospholipid transport to distribute phosphatidyl choline to the lumenal surface. Has a higher cholinephosphotransferase activity than ethanolaminephosphotransferase activity.
Gene Name:
CEPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y6K0
Molecular weight:
46553.135
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
A phosphatidylcholine + H(2)O = choline + a phosphatidate
Gene Name:
PLD6
Uniprot ID:
Q8N2A8
Molecular weight:
28272.3
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Mediates ATP-dependent export of organic anions and drugs from the cytoplasm. Hydrolyzes ATP with low efficiency. Human MDR3 is not capable of conferring drug resistance. Mediates the translocation of phosphatidylcholine across the canalicular membrane of the hepatocyte
Gene Name:
ABCB4
Uniprot ID:
P21439
Molecular weight:
141521.8

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 76 proteins in total.