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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-10-29 14:26:08 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:20:16 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB11148
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePC(18:1(9Z)e/2:0)
Description2-Acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is an intermediate in ether lipid metabolism. 2-Acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is converted from 2-acetyl-1-octadecyl-sn-glycerol via diacylglycerol cholinephosphotransferase (EC: 2.7.8.2). This is an ether lipid with platelet-activating factor functions which has an acetyl group instead of an acyl chain at the second position (SN-2). Ether lipids are lipids in which one or more of the carbon atoms on glycerol is bonded to an alkyl chain via an ether linkage, as opposed to the usual ester linkage.While most phospholipids have a saturated fatty acid on C-1 and an unsaturated fatty acid on C-2 of the glycerol backbone, the fatty acid distribution at the C-1 and C-2 positions of glycerol within phospholipids is continually in flux, owing to phospholipid degradation and the continuous phospholipid remodeling that occurs while these molecules are in membranes. PCs can be synthesized via three different routes. In one route, choline is activated first by phosphorylation and then by coupling to CDP prior to attachment to phosphatidic acid. PCs can also synthesized by the addition of choline to CDP-activated 1,2-diacylglycerol. A third route to PC synthesis involves the conversion of either PS or PE to PC.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2-Acetyloxy-3-octadec-9-enoxypropyl) 2-trimethylazaniumylethyl phosphateHMDB
2-Acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholineHMDB
PC(O-18:1(9Z)/2:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC28H56NO7P
Average Molecular Weight549.7205
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight549.379439663
IUPAC Name(2-{[(2R)-2-(acetyloxy)-3-[(9Z)-octadec-9-en-1-yloxy]propyl phosphonato]oxy}ethyl)trimethylazanium
Traditional Nameplatelet-activating factor
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCCOC[C@]([H])(COP([O-])(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C)OC(C)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C28H56NO7P/c1-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-21-23-33-25-28(36-27(2)30)26-35-37(31,32)34-24-22-29(3,4)5/h13-14,28H,6-12,15-26H2,1-5H3/b14-13-/t28-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=ZBOQHUSCQCEBGK-JLRCLJKCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1-alkyl,2-acylglycero-3-phosphocholines. These are glycerophosphocholines that carry exactly one acyl chain attached to the glycerol moiety through an ester linkage at the O2-position, and one alkyl chain attached through an ether linkage at the O1-position.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphocholines
Direct Parent1-alkyl,2-acylglycero-3-phosphocholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 1-alkyl,2-acylglycero-3-phosphocholine
  • Phosphocholine
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Glycerol ether
  • Choline
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Acetate salt
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00015 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.14ALOGPS
logP2.54ChemAxon
logS-6.6ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.1ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.12 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count27ChemAxon
Refractivity161.99 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability64.62 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027923
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID24766792
KEGG Compound IDC04598
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB11148
Metagene LinkHMDB11148
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound16759362
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID847856
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Only showing the first 50 proteins. There are 76 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Inactivates PAF by removing the acetyl group at the sn-2 position. This is a catalytic subunit.
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B2
Uniprot ID:
P68402
Molecular weight:
22733.715
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Inactivates paf by removing the acetyl group at the sn-2 position. This is a catalytic subunit. Plays an important role during the development of brain.
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B3
Uniprot ID:
Q15102
Molecular weight:
25734.13
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-independent. Mediates the conversion of 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively. May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology.
Gene Name:
LPCAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8NF37
Molecular weight:
59150.675
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L-alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle.
Gene Name:
PLA2G5
Uniprot ID:
P39877
Molecular weight:
15674.065
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Bidirectional lipid cholinephosphotransferase capable of converting phosphatidylcholine (PC) and ceramide to sphingomyelin (SM) and diacylglycerol (DAG) and vice versa. Direction is dependent on the relative concentrations of DAG and ceramide as phosphocholine acceptors. Directly and specifically recognizes the choline head group on the substrate. Also requires two fatty chains on the choline-P donor molecule in order to be recognized efficiently as a substrate. Does not function strictly as a SM synthase. Suppresses BAX-mediated apoptosis and also prevents cell death in response to stimuli such as hydrogen peroxide, osmotic stress, elevated temperature and exogenously supplied sphingolipids. May protect against cell death by reversing the stress-inducible increase in levels of proapoptotic ceramide. Required for cell growth
Gene Name:
SGMS1
Uniprot ID:
Q86VZ5
Molecular weight:
49207.3
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Hydrolyzes phosphatidylglycerol versus phosphatidylcholine with a 15-fold preference.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2F
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM2
Molecular weight:
23256.29
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes both phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis from CDP-choline and CDP-ethanolamine, respectively. Involved in protein-dependent process of phospholipid transport to distribute phosphatidyl choline to the lumenal surface. Has a higher cholinephosphotransferase activity than ethanolaminephosphotransferase activity.
Gene Name:
CEPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y6K0
Molecular weight:
46553.135
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
A phosphatidylcholine + H(2)O = choline + a phosphatidate
Gene Name:
PLD6
Uniprot ID:
Q8N2A8
Molecular weight:
28272.3
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLA2G4E
Uniprot ID:
Q3MJ16
Molecular weight:
99189.335
General function:
Cell wall/membrane/envelope biogenesis
Specific function:
Has a key role in phospholipid biosynthesis and may contribute to tumor cell growth. Catalyzes the first step in phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis. Contributes to phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis. Phosphorylates choline and ethanolamine. Has higher activity with choline.
Gene Name:
CHKA
Uniprot ID:
P35790
Molecular weight:
52248.53
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Controls phosphatidylcholine synthesis.
Gene Name:
PCYT1A
Uniprot ID:
P49585
Molecular weight:
41730.67
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Shows an 11-fold preference for phosphatidylglycerol over phosphatidylcholine (PC). Preferential cleavage: 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) > 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PE. Plays a role in ciliogenesis.
Gene Name:
PLA2G3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZ20
Molecular weight:
57166.51
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylcholine-sterol O-acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Central enzyme in the extracellular metabolism of plasma lipoproteins. Synthesized mainly in the liver and secreted into plasma where it converts cholesterol and phosphatidylcholines (lecithins) to cholesteryl esters and lysophosphatidylcholines on the surface of high and low density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs). The cholesterol ester is then transported back to the liver. Has a preference for plasma 16:0-18:2 or 18:O-18:2 phosphatidylcholines. Also produced in the brain by primary astrocytes, and esterifies free cholesterol on nascent APOE-containing lipoproteins secreted from glia and influences cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) APOE- and APOA1 levels. Together with APOE and the cholesterol transporter ABCA1, plays a key role in the maturation of glial-derived, nascent lipoproteins. Required for remodeling high-density lipoprotein particles into their spherical forms.
Gene Name:
LCAT
Uniprot ID:
P04180
Molecular weight:
49577.545
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine is more efficiently hydrolyzed than the other phospholipids examined.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2D
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNK4
Molecular weight:
16546.1
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Has a preference for arachidonic acid at the sn-2 position of phosphatidylcholine as compared with palmitic acid.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4C
Uniprot ID:
Q9UP65
Molecular weight:
60938.07
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
May have a role in signal-induced cytoskeletal regulation and/or endocytosis (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLD2
Uniprot ID:
O14939
Molecular weight:
104656.485
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Implicated as a critical step in numerous cellular pathways, including signal transduction, membrane trafficking, and the regulation of mitosis. May be involved in the regulation of perinuclear intravesicular membrane traffic (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLD1
Uniprot ID:
Q13393
Molecular weight:
124183.135
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylcholine-retinol O-acyltransfera
Specific function:
Transfers the acyl group from the sn-1 position of phosphatidylcholine to all-trans retinol, producing all-trans retinyl esters. Retinyl esters are storage forms of vitamin A. LRAT plays a critical role in vision. It provides the all-trans retinyl ester substrates for the isomerohydrolase which processes the esters into 11-cis-retinol in the retinal pigment epithelium; due to a membrane-associated alcohol dehydrogenase, 11 cis-retinol is oxidized and converted into 11-cis-retinaldehyde which is the chromophore for rhodopsin and the cone photopigments.
Gene Name:
LRAT
Uniprot ID:
O95237
Molecular weight:
25702.635
General function:
Involved in phosphotransferase activity, for other substituted phosphate groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis from CDP-choline. It thereby plays a central role in the formation and maintenance of vesicular membranes.
Gene Name:
CHPT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WUD6
Molecular weight:
45096.535
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the release of fatty acids from phospholipids. It has been implicated in normal phospholipid remodeling, nitric oxide-induced or vasopressin-induced arachidonic acid release and in leukotriene and prostaglandin production. May participate in fas mediated apoptosis and in regulating transmembrane ion flux in glucose-stimulated B-cells. Has a role in cardiolipin (CL) deacylation. Required for both speed and directionality of monocyte MCP1/CCL2-induced chemotaxis through regulation of F-actin polymerization at the pseudopods. Isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-1 and isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-2, which lack the catalytic domain, are probably involved in the negative regulation of iPLA2 activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G6
Uniprot ID:
O60733
Molecular weight:
84092.635
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Phospholipase B that deacylates intracellular phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), generating glycerophosphocholine (GroPtdCho). This deacylation occurs at both sn-2 and sn-1 positions of PtdCho. Its specific chemical modification by certain organophosphorus (OP) compounds leads to distal axonopathy.
Gene Name:
PNPLA6
Uniprot ID:
Q8IY17
Molecular weight:
150952.43
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLD3
Uniprot ID:
Q8IV08
Molecular weight:
54704.865
General function:
Involved in N-methyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes three sequential methylation reactions of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) by AdoMet, thereby producing phosphatidylcholine (PC).
Gene Name:
PEMT
Uniprot ID:
Q9UBM1
Molecular weight:
23697.395
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylserine biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes a base-exchange reaction in which the polar head group of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) or phosphatidylcholine (PC) is replaced by L-serine. In membranes, PTDSS1 catalyzes mainly the conversion of phosphatidylcholine. Also converts, in vitro and to a lesser extent, phosphatidylethanolamine.
Gene Name:
PTDSS1
Uniprot ID:
P48651
Molecular weight:
55527.18
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZK7
Molecular weight:
15988.525
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a powerful potency for releasing arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids. Prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine liposomes to those of phosphatidylserine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G10
Uniprot ID:
O15496
Molecular weight:
18153.04
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position. Has higher enzyme activity for phosphatidylethanolamine than phosphatidylcholine (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLA2G4F
Uniprot ID:
Q68DD2
Molecular weight:
95081.5
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Membrane-associated phospholipase. Exhibits a calcium-independent broad substrate specificity including phospholipase A2/lysophospholipase activity. Preferential hydrolysis at the sn-2 position of diacylphospholipids and diacyglycerol, whereas it shows no positional specificity toward triacylglycerol. Exhibits also esterase activity toward p-nitrophenyl. May act on the brush border membrane to facilitate the absorption of digested lipids (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLB1
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1J6
Molecular weight:
161711.9
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Bidirectional lipid cholinephosphotransferase capable of converting phosphatidylcholine (PC) and ceramide to sphingomyelin (SM) and diacylglycerol (DAG) and vice versa. Direction is dependent on the relative concentrations of DAG and ceramide as phosphocholine acceptors. Directly and specifically recognizes the choline head group on the substrate. Also requires two fatty chains on the choline-P donor molecule in order to be recognized efficiently as a substrate. Does not function strictly as a SM synthase. Required for cell growth
Gene Name:
SGMS2
Uniprot ID:
Q8NHU3
Molecular weight:
42279.8
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position with a preference for arachidonoyl phospholipids. Has a much weaker activity than PLA2G4A. Isoform 3 has calcium-dependent activity against palmitoyl-arachidonyl-phosphatidylethanolamine and low level lysophospholipase activity but no activity against phosphatidylcholine. Isoform 5 does have activity against phosphatidylcholine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4B
Uniprot ID:
P0C869
Molecular weight:
87977.02
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
BDH1
Uniprot ID:
Q02338
Molecular weight:
38156.77
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLD4
Uniprot ID:
Q96BZ4
Molecular weight:
55626.055
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position. Not arachidonic acid-specific but has linoleic acid-specific activity. May play a role in inflammation in psoriatic lesions.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4D
Uniprot ID:
Q86XP0
Molecular weight:
91951.405
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
Thought to participate in the regulation of the phospholipid metabolism in biomembranes including eicosanoid biosynthesis. Catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2A
Uniprot ID:
P14555
Molecular weight:
16082.525
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Controls phosphatidylcholine synthesis.
Gene Name:
PCYT1B
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y5K3
Molecular weight:
40228.99
General function:
Involved in lipid binding
Specific function:
Minor apolipoprotein mainly associated with HDL and to a lesser extent with VLDL. May also be associated with chylomicrons. Important determinant of plasma triglyceride (TG) levels by both being a potent stimulator of apo-CII lipoprotein lipase (LPL) TG hydrolysis and a inhibitor of the hepatic VLDL-TG production rate (without affecting the VLDL-apoB production rate). Activates poorly lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) and does not enhance efflux of cholesterol from macrophages
Gene Name:
APOA5
Uniprot ID:
Q6Q788
Molecular weight:
41212.3
General function:
Involved in binding
Specific function:
Binds phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and weakly progesterone, potent inhibitor of phospholipase A2
Gene Name:
SCGB1A1
Uniprot ID:
P11684
Molecular weight:
9993.6
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylcholine binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of phosphatidylcholine between membranes. Binds a single lipid molecule
Gene Name:
PCTP
Uniprot ID:
Q9UKL6
Molecular weight:
24843.1
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Regulates RHOA activity, and plays a role in cytoskeleton remodeling. Necessary for normal completion of cytokinesis. Plays a role in maintaining normal diacylglycerol levels in the Golgi apparatus. Binds phosphatidyl inositol phosphates (in vitro). May catalyze the transfer of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine between membranes. Necessary for maintaining the normal structure of the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi apparatus. Required for protein export from the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi. Binds calcium ions
Gene Name:
PITPNM1
Uniprot ID:
O00562
Molecular weight:
134846.3
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine between membranes (in vitro). Binds calcium ions
Gene Name:
PITPNM3
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZ71
Molecular weight:
106780.1
General function:
Involved in ARF GTPase activator activity
Specific function:
GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for the ADP ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1). Involved in membrane trafficking and /or vesicle transport. Promotes hydrolysis of the ARF1-bound GTP and thus, is required for the dissociation of coat proteins from Golgi-derived membranes and vesicles, a prerequisite for vesicle's fusion with target compartment. Probably regulates ARF1-mediated transport via its interaction with the KDELR proteins and RNP24. Overexpression induces the redistribution of the entire Golgi complex to the endoplasmic reticulum, as when ARF1 is deactivated. Its activity is stimulated by phosphoinosides and inhibited by phosphatidylcholine
Gene Name:
ARFGAP1
Uniprot ID:
Q8N6T3
Molecular weight:
44667.6
General function:
Involved in transport
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of PtdIns and phosphatidylcholine between membranes
Gene Name:
PITPNB
Uniprot ID:
P48739
Molecular weight:
31539.9
General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylcholine between membranes (in vitro). Binds calcium ions
Gene Name:
PITPNM2
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZ72
Molecular weight:
148931.9
General function:
Involved in phosphatidylcholine transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transfer of PtdIns and phosphatidylcholine between membranes
Gene Name:
PITPNA
Uniprot ID:
Q00169
Molecular weight:
31806.2
General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) to generate 2 second messenger molecules diacylglycerol (DAG) and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). DAG mediates the activation of protein kinase C (PKC), while IP3 releases Ca(2+) from intracellular stores. Essential for trophoblast and placental development. May participate in cytokinesis by hydrolyzing PIP2 at the cleavage furrow.
Gene Name:
PLCD3
Uniprot ID:
Q8N3E9
Molecular weight:
89257.54
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of diacylglycerol from 2-monoacylglycerol and fatty acyl-CoA. Has a preference toward monoacylglycerols containing unsaturated fatty acids in an order of C18:3 > C18:2 > C18:1 > C18:0. Plays a central role in absorption of dietary fat in the small intestine by catalyzing the resynthesis of triacylglycerol in enterocytes. May play a role in diet-induced obesity.
Gene Name:
MOGAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q3SYC2
Molecular weight:
38195.285
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
HCNP may be involved in the function of the presynaptic cholinergic neurons of the central nervous system. HCNP increases the production of choline acetyltransferase but not acetylcholinesterase. Seems to be mediated by a specific receptor
Gene Name:
PEBP1
Uniprot ID:
P30086
Molecular weight:
21056.6
General function:
Not Available
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
PLSCR5
Uniprot ID:
A0PG75
Molecular weight:
30026.2

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Mediates ATP-dependent export of organic anions and drugs from the cytoplasm. Hydrolyzes ATP with low efficiency. Human MDR3 is not capable of conferring drug resistance. Mediates the translocation of phosphatidylcholine across the canalicular membrane of the hepatocyte
Gene Name:
ABCB4
Uniprot ID:
P21439
Molecular weight:
141521.8

Only showing the first 50 proteins. There are 76 proteins in total.