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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2008-10-29 14:26:36 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:20:16 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB11149
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLysoPC(O-18:0)
Description1-Octadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is an intermediate in the ether lipid metabolism pathway. 1-Octadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is irreversibly produced from 2-acetyl-1-(9Z-octadecenyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine via the enzyme 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase (EC 3.1.1.47). 1-Octadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine is an ether phospho-ether lipid. Ether lipids are lipids in which one or more of the carbon atoms on glycerol are bonded to an alkyl chain via an ether linkage, as opposed to the usual ester linkage. Plasmalogens are glycerol ether phospholipids. They are of two types, alkyl ether (-O-CH2-) and alkenyl ether (-O-CH=CH-). Dihydroxyacetone phosphate (DHAP) serves as the glycerol precursor for the synthesis of plasmalogens. Three major classes of plasmalogens have been identified: choline, ethanolamine and serine derivatives. Ethanolamine plasmalogen is prevalent in myelin. Choline plasmalogen is abundant in cardiac tissue. Usually, the highest proportion of the plasmalogen form is in the ethanolamine class with rather less in choline, and commonly little or none in other phospholipids such as phosphatidylinositol. In choline plasmalogens of most tissues, a higher proportion is often of the O-alkyl rather than the O-alkenyl form, but the reverse tends to be true in heart lipids. In animal tissues, the alkyl and alkenyl moieties in both non-polar and phospholipids tend to be rather simple in composition with 16:0, 18:0 and 18:1 (double bond in position 9) predominating. Ether analogues of triacylglycerols, i.e. 1-alkyldiacyl-sn-glycerols, are present at trace levels only if at all in most animal tissues, but they can be major components of some marine lipids.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-O-Octadecylglycerol-3-phosphatidylcholineChEBI
1-Octadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholineChEBI
LPC (O-18:0)ChEBI
LysoPC(O-18:0)ChEBI
PC(O-18:0/0:0)ChEBI
LysoPC(18:0E/0:0)HMDB
LysoPC(DM18:0)HMDB
LysoPC(O-18:0/0:0)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC26H56NO6P
Average Molecular Weight509.6997
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight509.384525041
IUPAC Name(2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxy-3-(octadecyloxy)propyl phosphonato]oxy}ethyl)trimethylazanium
Traditional Name(2-{[(2R)-2-hydroxy-3-(octadecyloxy)propyl phosphonato]oxy}ethyl)trimethylazanium
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
[H][C@@](O)(COCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC)COP([O-])(=O)OCC[N+](C)(C)C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H56NO6P/c1-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20-22-31-24-26(28)25-33-34(29,30)32-23-21-27(2,3)4/h26,28H,5-25H2,1-4H3/t26-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=XKBJVQHMEXMFDZ-AREMUKBSSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as monoalkylglycerophosphocholines. These are compounds containing glycerophosphocholine moiety attached to an fatty acyl chain through an ether bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassGlycerophospholipids
Sub ClassGlycerophosphocholines
Direct ParentMonoalkylglycerophosphocholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Monoalkylglycerophosphocholine
  • Phosphocholine
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Glycerol ether
  • Choline
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Organic phosphate
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000267 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.98ALOGPS
logP2.46ChemAxon
logS-6.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)1.86ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area88.05 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count26ChemAxon
Refractivity151.72 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability62.7 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB027924
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID2015318
KEGG Compound IDC04317
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB11149
Metagene LinkHMDB11149
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound2733532
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID560225
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl phosphatidylethanolamine is more efficiently hydrolyzed than the other phospholipids examined.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2D
Uniprot ID:
Q9UNK4
Molecular weight:
16546.1
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a preference for arachidonic-containing phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2E
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZK7
Molecular weight:
15988.525
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Shows an 11-fold preference for phosphatidylglycerol over phosphatidylcholine (PC). Preferential cleavage: 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) > 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PC > 1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonoyl-PE. Plays a role in ciliogenesis.
Gene Name:
PLA2G3
Uniprot ID:
Q9NZ20
Molecular weight:
57166.51
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G1B
Uniprot ID:
P04054
Molecular weight:
16359.535
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. This isozyme hydrolyzes more efficiently L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl phosphatidylcholine than L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylcholine, L-alpha-1-palmitoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylethanolamine, or L-alpha-1-stearoyl-2-arachidonyl phosphatidylinositol. May be involved in the production of lung surfactant, the remodeling or regulation of cardiac muscle.
Gene Name:
PLA2G5
Uniprot ID:
P39877
Molecular weight:
15674.065
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Hydrolyzes phosphatidylglycerol versus phosphatidylcholine with a 15-fold preference.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2F
Uniprot ID:
Q9BZM2
Molecular weight:
23256.29
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
PA2 catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides. Has a powerful potency for releasing arachidonic acid from cell membrane phospholipids. Prefers phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylcholine liposomes to those of phosphatidylserine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G10
Uniprot ID:
O15496
Molecular weight:
18153.04
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
Not known; does not seem to have catalytic activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G12B
Uniprot ID:
Q9BX93
Molecular weight:
Not Available
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Calcium-dependent phospholipase A2 that selectively hydrolyzes glycerophospholipids in the sn-2 position with a preference for arachidonoyl phospholipids. Has a much weaker activity than PLA2G4A. Isoform 3 has calcium-dependent activity against palmitoyl-arachidonyl-phosphatidylethanolamine and low level lysophospholipase activity but no activity against phosphatidylcholine. Isoform 5 does have activity against phosphatidylcholine.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4B
Uniprot ID:
P0C869
Molecular weight:
87977.02
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Inactivates PAF by removing the acetyl group at the sn-2 position. This is a catalytic subunit.
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B2
Uniprot ID:
P68402
Molecular weight:
22733.715
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Inactivates paf by removing the acetyl group at the sn-2 position. This is a catalytic subunit. Plays an important role during the development of brain.
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B3
Uniprot ID:
Q15102
Molecular weight:
25734.13
General function:
Involved in 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase activity
Specific function:
Has a marked selectivity for phospholipids with short acyl chains at the sn-2 position. May share a common physiologic function with the plasma-type enzyme.
Gene Name:
PAFAH2
Uniprot ID:
Q99487
Molecular weight:
44035.255
General function:
Involved in asparaginase activity
Specific function:
Exhibits lysophospholipase, transacylase, PAF acetylhydrolase and asparaginase activities.
Gene Name:
ASPG
Uniprot ID:
Q86U10
Molecular weight:
60882.4
General function:
Involved in 1-alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine esterase activity
Specific function:
Modulates the action of platelet-activating factor (PAF) by hydrolyzing the sn-2 ester bond to yield the biologically inactive lyso-PAF. Has a specificity for substrates with a short residue at the sn-2 position. It is inactive against long-chain phospholipids.
Gene Name:
PLA2G7
Uniprot ID:
Q13093
Molecular weight:
50076.99
General function:
Involved in sugar binding
Specific function:
May have both lysophospholipase and carbohydrate-binding activities.
Gene Name:
CLC
Uniprot ID:
Q05315
Molecular weight:
16452.785
General function:
Involved in 1-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransfera
Specific function:
Acyltransferase which mediates the conversion of lysophosphatidylcholine (1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine or PC) (LPCAT activity). Catalyzes also the conversion of lysophosphatidylserine (1-acyl-2-hydroxy-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine or LPS) into phosphatidylserine (1,2-diacyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho-L-serine or PS) (LPSAT activity). Has also weak lysophosphatidylethanolamine acyltransferase activity (LPEAT activity). Favors polyunsaturated fatty acyl-CoAs as acyl donors compared to saturated fatty acyl-CoAs. Seems to be the major enzyme contributing to LPCAT activity in the liver. Lysophospholipid acyltransferases (LPLATs) catalyze the reacylation step of the phospholipid remodeling pathway also known as the Lands cycle.
Gene Name:
LPCAT3
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1A2
Molecular weight:
56034.48
General function:
Involved in hydrolase activity
Specific function:
Membrane-associated phospholipase. Exhibits a calcium-independent broad substrate specificity including phospholipase A2/lysophospholipase activity. Preferential hydrolysis at the sn-2 position of diacylphospholipids and diacyglycerol, whereas it shows no positional specificity toward triacylglycerol. Exhibits also esterase activity toward p-nitrophenyl. May act on the brush border membrane to facilitate the absorption of digested lipids (By similarity).
Gene Name:
PLB1
Uniprot ID:
Q6P1J6
Molecular weight:
161711.9
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-dependent. Involved in platelet-activating factor (PAF) biosynthesis by catalyzing the conversion of the PAF precursor, 1-O-alkyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (lyso-PAF) into 1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PAF). Also converts lyso-PAF to 1-alkyl-phosphatidylcholine (PC), a major component of cell membranes and a PAF precursor. Under resting conditions, acyltransferase activity is preferred. Upon acute inflammatory stimulus, acetyltransferase activity is enhanced and PAF synthesis increases (By similarity).
Gene Name:
LPCAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q7L5N7
Molecular weight:
60207.295
General function:
Involved in acyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Possesses both acyltransferase and acetyltransferase activities. Activity is calcium-independent. Mediates the conversion of 1-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (LPC) into phosphatidylcholine (PC). Displays a clear preference for saturated fatty acyl-CoAs, and 1-myristoyl or 1-palmitoyl LPC as acyl donors and acceptors, respectively. May synthesize phosphatidylcholine in pulmonary surfactant, thereby playing a pivotal role in respiratory physiology.
Gene Name:
LPCAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q8NF37
Molecular weight:
59150.675
General function:
Involved in dynactin binding
Specific function:
Required for proper activation of Rho GTPases and actin polymerization at the leading edge of locomoting cerebellar neurons and postmigratory hippocampal neurons in response to calcium influx triggered via NMDA receptors. Non-catalytic subunit of an acetylhydrolase complex which inactivates platelet- activating factor (PAF) by removing the acetyl group at the SN-2 position. Positively regulates the activity of the minus-end directed microtubule motor protein dynein. May enhance dynein-mediated microtubule sliding by targeting dynein to the microtubule plus end. Required for several dynein- and microtubule-dependent processes such as the maintenance of Golgi integrity, the peripheral transport of microtubule fragments and the coupling of the nucleus and centrosome. Required during brain development for the proliferation of neuronal precursors and the migration of newly formed neurons from the ventricular/subventricular zone toward the cortical plate. Neuronal migration involves a process called nucleokinesis, whereby migrating cells extend an anterior process into which the nucleus subsequently translocates. During nucleokinesis dynein at the nuclear surface may translocate the nucleus towards the centrosome by exerting force on centrosomal microtubules. May also play a role in other forms of cell locomotion including the migration of fibroblasts during wound healing
Gene Name:
PAFAH1B1
Uniprot ID:
P43034
Molecular weight:
46637.7
General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Catalyzes the release of fatty acids from phospholipids. It has been implicated in normal phospholipid remodeling, nitric oxide-induced or vasopressin-induced arachidonic acid release and in leukotriene and prostaglandin production. May participate in fas mediated apoptosis and in regulating transmembrane ion flux in glucose-stimulated B-cells. Has a role in cardiolipin (CL) deacylation. Required for both speed and directionality of monocyte MCP1/CCL2-induced chemotaxis through regulation of F-actin polymerization at the pseudopods. Isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-1 and isoform ankyrin-iPLA2-2, which lack the catalytic domain, are probably involved in the negative regulation of iPLA2 activity.
Gene Name:
PLA2G6
Uniprot ID:
O60733
Molecular weight:
84092.635