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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2009-01-30 15:39:15 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:21:51 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB11638
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTetradecanol
Description1-Tetradecanol, or commonly myristyl alcohol, is a straight-chain saturated fatty alcohol, with the molecular formula C14H30O. It is a white crystalline solid that is practically insoluble in water, soluble in diethyl ether, and slightly soluble in ethanol. 1-Tetradecanol may be prepared by the reduction of myristic acid or some fatty acid esters with reagents such as lithium aluminium hydride or sodium. As with other fatty alcohols, 1-tetradecanol is used as an ingredient in cosmetics such as cold creams for its emollient properties. It is also used as an intermediate in the chemical synthesis of other products such sulfated alcohol (Wikipedia).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-HydroxytetradecaneChEBI
1-TetradecanolChEBI
1-Tetradecyl alcoholChEBI
Myristic alcoholChEBI
N-TetradecanolChEBI
N-Tetradecanol-1ChEBI
N-Tetradecyl alcoholChEBI
TetradecanolChEBI
Tetradecyl alcoholChEBI
Adol 18HMDB
Alfol 14HMDB
Conol 1495HMDB
Kalcohl 40HMDB
Kalcohl 4098HMDB
Kalcol 4098HMDB
Lanette 14HMDB
Lanette KHMDB
Lanette wax KSHMDB
Lorol C 14HMDB
Loxanol VHMDB
N-Tetradecan-1-olHMDB
Nacol 14-95HMDB
Tetradecanol (7ci)HMDB
Chemical FormulaC14H30O
Average Molecular Weight214.3874
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight214.229665582
IUPAC Nametetradecan-1-ol
Traditional Namemyristyl alcohol
CAS Registry Number112-72-1
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCO
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C14H30O/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15/h15H,2-14H2,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=HLZKNKRTKFSKGZ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as long-chain fatty alcohols. These are fatty alcohols that have an aliphatic tail of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty alcohols
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty alcohols
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Long chain fatty alcohol
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusDetected and Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point39.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP6.03BURKHARD,LP ET AL. (1985B)
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000444 mg/mLALOGPS
logP6.21ALOGPS
logP5.25ChemAxon
logS-5.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)16.84ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area20.23 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity68.14 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability30.11 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
GC-MSGC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (1 TMS)splash10-00di-7590000000-977855648ce1bb3be347View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Feces
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified4.15 - 188.62 ppmChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Normal
details
FecesDetected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableAdult (>18 years old)Both
Normal
details
Abnormal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
FecesDetected and Quantified0 - 801.59 ppmChildren (1-13 years old)Not Specified
Treated celiac disease
details
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB002891
KNApSAcK IDC00032309
Chemspider ID7917
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-7875
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia Link1-Tetradecanol
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB11638
Metagene LinkHMDB11638
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound8209
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID133255
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
1-acyl-glycerone 3-phosphate + a long-chain alcohol = an alkyl-glycerone 3-phosphate + a long-chain acid anion
Gene Name:
AGPS
Uniprot ID:
O00116
Molecular weight:
72911.2
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reduction of saturated fatty acyl-CoA with chain length C16 or C18 to fatty alcohols.
Gene Name:
FAR1
Uniprot ID:
Q8WVX9
Molecular weight:
59356.25
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the reduction of fatty acyl-CoA to fatty alcohols. The preferred substrates are C16, C18, C18:1 and C18:2 but low activity can be observed with C10-C14 substrates.
Gene Name:
FAR2
Uniprot ID:
Q96K12
Molecular weight:
59437.92
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyltransferase that predominantly esterify long chain (wax) alcohols with acyl-CoA-derived fatty acids to produce wax esters. Wax esters are enriched in sebum, suggesting that it plays a central role in lipid metabolism in skin. Has a preference for arachidyl alcohol as well as decyl alcohol, demonstrating its relatively poor activity using saturated long chain alcohols (C16, C18, and C20).
Gene Name:
AWAT1
Uniprot ID:
Q58HT5
Molecular weight:
37758.815
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring acyl groups other than amino-acyl groups
Specific function:
Acyltransferase that predominantly esterify long chain (wax) alcohols with acyl-CoA-derived fatty acids to produce wax esters. Wax esters are enriched in sebum, suggesting that it plays a central role in lipid metabolism in skin. Has no activity using decyl alcohol and significantly prefers the C16 and C18 alcohols. May also have 2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase (MGAT) and acyl-CoA:retinol acyltransferase (ARAT) activities, to catalyze the synthesis of diacylglycerols and retinyl esters; however this activity is unclear in vivo.
Gene Name:
AWAT2
Uniprot ID:
Q6E213
Molecular weight:
38093.25