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Record Information
Version4.0
Creation Date2009-04-06 16:20:50 UTC
Update Date2017-09-27 08:26:54 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0012196
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB12196
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCampest-4-en-3-one
DescriptionCampest-4-en-3-one is an intermediate in Brassinolide Biosynthesis pathway.The conversion of the membrane Sterol Campesterol to BL occurs via a series of reductions, hydroxylations, epimerizations and oxidations that have been extensively studied in several species. The conversion of Campesterol to Campestanol is not a single step, but composed of the biosynthetic sequence of Campesterol 4-en-3Beta-ol ---> 4-en-3-one ---> 3-one ---> Campestanol in Arabidopsis. In the first step, Campesterol is converted to Campest-4-en-3Beta-ol in presence of enzyme Delta-5-3-Ketosteroid Isomerase. Enzymes that catalyze the conversion from 3-Beta-Hydroxy-Delta,5-6-Steroid to 3-oxo-Delta-4-5 Isomerase have been reported in Bacteria and Mammals. Campest-4-en-3 Beta-ol is converted to Campest-4-en-3-one in presence of enzyme 3-Beta-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenase. In the next step, Campest-4-en-3-one is converted to Campestanol via 5-Alpha-Campestan-3-one. 3-Oxo-5Alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase family members (encoded by Det2 in Arabidopsis) catalyze the formation of 5-Alpha-Campestan-3-one.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(24R)-Ergost-4-en-3-oneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC28H46O
Average Molecular Weight398.6642
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight398.354866094
IUPAC Name(2R,15R)-14-[(2R,5R)-5,6-dimethylheptan-2-yl]-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-6-en-5-one
Traditional Name(2R,15R)-14-[(2R,5R)-5,6-dimethylheptan-2-yl]-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-6-en-5-one
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC(C)[C@H](C)CC[C@@H](C)C1CCC2C3CCC4=CC(=O)CC[C@]4(C)C3CC[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C28H46O/c1-18(2)19(3)7-8-20(4)24-11-12-25-23-10-9-21-17-22(29)13-15-27(21,5)26(23)14-16-28(24,25)6/h17-20,23-26H,7-16H2,1-6H3/t19-,20-,23?,24?,25?,26?,27+,28-/m1/s1
InChI KeyQQIOPZFVTIHASB-PHOXBLGLSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as ergosterols and derivatives. These are steroids containing ergosta-5,7,22-trien-3beta-ol or a derivative thereof, which is based on the 3beta-hydroxylated ergostane skeleton.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Direct ParentErgosterols and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Ergosterol-skeleton
  • Oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-4-steroid
  • Delta-4-steroid
  • Cyclohexenone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:

Role

Industrial application:

Biological role:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.9e-05 g/LALOGPS
logP6.4ALOGPS
logP7.97ChemAxon
logS-7.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)19.09ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity124.11 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability51.19 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
No entries found
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB018055
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDCPD-3945
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound25200612
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID18534
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in 3-beta-hydroxy-delta5-steroid dehydrogenase activity
Specific function:
The 3-beta-HSD enzymatic system plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of all classes of hormonal steroids. HSD VII is active against four 7-alpha-hydroxylated sterols. Does not metabolize several different C(19/21) steroids as substrates. Involved in bile acid synthesis.
Gene Name:
HSD3B7
Uniprot ID:
Q9H2F3
Molecular weight:
21322.265