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Record Information
Version4.0
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2009-04-30 10:00:05 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 02:37:00 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB0012318
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB12318
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide (d18:1/24:1(15Z))
Description3-O-Sulfogalactosylceramide is an acidic, sulfated glycosphingolipid, often known as sulfatide. This lipid occurs in membranes of various cell types, but is found in particularly high concentrations in myelin where it constitutes 3-4% of total membrane lipids. This lipid is synthesized primarily in the oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system. Accumulation of this lipid in the lysosomes is a characteristic of metachromatic leukodystrophy, a lysosomal storage disease caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase A. Alterations in sulfatide metabolism, trafficking, and homeostasis are present in the earliest clinically recognizable stages of Alzheimer's disease.Cerebrosides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Cerebrosides have a single sugar group linked to ceramide. The most common are galactocerebrosides (containing galactose), the least common are glucocerebrosides (containing glucose). Galactocerebrosides are found predominantly in neuronal cell membranes. In contrast glucocerebrosides are not normally found in membranes. Instead, they are typically intermediates in the synthesis or degradation of more complex glycosphingolipids. Galactocerebrosides are synthesized from ceramide and UDP-galactose. Excess lysosomal accumulation of glucocerebrosides is found in Gaucher disease. Sulfatides are glycosphingolipids. There are four types of glycosphingolipids, the cerebrosides, sulfatides, globosides and gangliosides. Sulfatides are the sulfuric acid esters of galactocerebrosides. They are synthesized from galactocerebrosides and activated sulfate, 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3'-O-SulphogalactosylceramideHMDB
3-O-SulfO-beta-D-galactosylceramideHMDB
3-O-SulfO-beta-delta-galactosylceramideHMDB
3-O-SulfogalactosylceramideHMDB
Cerebroside 3-sulfateHMDB
Cerebroside 3-sulphateHMDB
Galactosylceramide-sulfateHMDB
Galactosylceramide-sulphateHMDB
GalactosylceramidesulfateHMDB
GalactosylceramidesulphateHMDB
N-[(1S,2R,3E)-2-Hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-b-D-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecen-1-yl]-15-tetracosenamideHMDB
N-[(1S,2R,3E)-2-Hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-beta-delta-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecen-1-yl]-15-tetracosenamideHMDB
SulfatideHMDB
Sulfatide (D18:1/24:1(15Z))HMDB
[R-[R*,s*-(e)]]-N-[2-hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-b-D-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecenyl]-15-tetracosenamideHMDB
[R-[R*,s*-(e)]]-N-[2-hydroxy-1-[[(3-O-sulfO-beta-delta-galactopyranosyl)oxy]methyl]-3-heptadecenyl]-15-tetracosenamideHMDB
Chemical FormulaC48H91NO11S
Average Molecular Weight890.301
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight889.631283449
IUPAC Name[(2R,5S,6R)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-{[(2S,3R,4E)-3-hydroxy-2-[(15Z)-tetracos-15-enamido]octadec-4-en-1-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-4-yl]oxidanesulfonic acid
Traditional NameC24:1 sulfatide
CAS Registry Number151057-28-2
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCC\C=C\[C@](O)([H])[C@]([H])(CO[C@@H]1O[C@H](CO)[C@H](O)C(OS(=O)(O)=O)C1O)NC(=O)CCCCCCCCCCCCC\C=C/CCCCCCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C48H91NO11S/c1-3-5-7-9-11-13-15-17-18-19-20-21-22-23-24-26-28-30-32-34-36-38-44(52)49-41(42(51)37-35-33-31-29-27-25-16-14-12-10-8-6-4-2)40-58-48-46(54)47(60-61(55,56)57)45(53)43(39-50)59-48/h17-18,35,37,41-43,45-48,50-51,53-54H,3-16,19-34,36,38-40H2,1-2H3,(H,49,52)(H,55,56,57)/b18-17-,37-35+/t41-,42+,43+,45-,46?,47?,48+/m0/s1
InChI KeyZZQWQNAZXFNSEP-YEWIENRVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as sulfatides. These are an hydrogen sulfate esters of glycosphingolipids.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassSphingolipids
Direct ParentSulfatides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sulfoglycosphingolipid
  • Glycosyl-n-acylsphingosine
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • Fatty acyl glycoside of mono- or disaccharide
  • Alkyl glycoside
  • Hexose monosaccharide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Fatty amide
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Oxane
  • Fatty acyl
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Sulfate-ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic oxide
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Alcohol
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
Disposition

Biological Location:

  Subcellular:

  Cell and elements:

Source:

  Biological:

    Animal:

Route of exposure:

  Enteral:

Process

Naturally occurring process:

  Biological process:

    Cellular process:

    Biochemical pathway:

    Chemical reaction:

    Biochemical process:

Role

Industrial application:

  Food and nutrition:

Biological role:

  Molecular messenger:

Physiological effect

Organoleptic effect:

  Touch:

Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00027 g/LALOGPS
logP5.95ALOGPS
logP10.29ChemAxon
logS-6.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-1.9ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.025ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area192.08 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count42ChemAxon
Refractivity246.11 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability109.32 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
NameSMPDB/PathwhizKEGG
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB028940
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID24823257
KEGG Compound IDC06125
BioCyc IDGALACTOSYLCERAMIDE-SULFATE
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound24779587
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. Divecha N, Irvine RF: Phospholipid signaling. Cell. 1995 Jan 27;80(2):269-78. [PubMed:7834746 ]
  6. Ghosh S, Strum JC, Bell RM: Lipid biochemistry: functions of glycerolipids and sphingolipids in cellular signaling. FASEB J. 1997 Jan;11(1):45-50. [PubMed:9034165 ]
  7. Cevc, Gregor (1993). Phospholipids Handbook. Marcel Dekker.
  8. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 62 proteins in total.

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in galactosylceramidase activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the galactose ester bonds of galactosylceramide, galactosylsphingosine, lactosylceramide, and monogalactosyldiglyceride. Enzyme with very low activity responsible for the lysosomal catabolism of galactosylceramide, a major lipid in myelin, kidney and epithelial cells of small intestine and colon.
Gene Name:
GALC
Uniprot ID:
P54803
Molecular weight:
77062.86
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups
Specific function:
Required for the biosynthesis of glycosphingolipids.
Gene Name:
B4GALT6
Uniprot ID:
Q9UBX8
Molecular weight:
44913.315
General function:
Involved in galactosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Necessary for the biosynthesis of the Pk antigen of blood histogroup P. Catalyzes the transfer of galactose to lactosylceramide and galactosylceramide. Necessary for the synthesis of the receptor for bacterial verotoxins.
Gene Name:
A4GALT
Uniprot ID:
Q9NPC4
Molecular weight:
40498.78
General function:
Involved in galactosylceramide sulfotransferase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the sulfation of membrane glycolipids. Seems to prefer beta-glycosides at the non-reducing termini of sugar chains attached to a lipid moiety. Catalyzes the synthesis of galactosylceramide sulfate (sulfatide), a major lipid component of the myelin sheath and of monogalactosylalkylacylglycerol sulfate (seminolipid), present in spermatocytes (By similarity). Also acts on lactosylceramide, galactosyl 1-alkyl-2-sn-glycerol and galactosyl diacylglycerol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
GAL3ST1
Uniprot ID:
Q99999
Molecular weight:
48763.63
General function:
Involved in galactosyltransferase activity
Specific function:
Beta-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase that plays a key role in the synthesis of lacto- or neolacto-series carbohydrate chains on glycolipids, notably by participating in biosynthesis of HNK-1 and Lewis X carbohydrate structures. Has strong activity toward lactosylceramide (LacCer) and neolactotetraosylceramide (nLc(4)Cer; paragloboside), resulting in the synthesis of Lc(3)Cer and neolactopentaosylceramide (nLc(5)Cer), respectively. Probably plays a central role in regulating neolacto-series glycolipid synthesis during embryonic development.
Gene Name:
B3GNT5
Uniprot ID:
Q9BYG0
Molecular weight:
44052.295
General function:
Involved in cysteine-type endopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Mediates GPI anchoring in the endoplasmic reticulum, by replacing a protein's C-terminal GPI attachment signal peptide with a pre-assembled GPI. During this transamidation reaction, the GPI transamidase forms a carbonyl intermediate with the substrate protein
Gene Name:
PIGK
Uniprot ID:
Q92643
Molecular weight:
45251.4
General function:
Involved in biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Necessary for the synthesis of N-acetylglucosaminyl-phosphatidylinositol, the very early intermediate in GPI-anchor biosynthesis.
Gene Name:
PIGA
Uniprot ID:
P37287
Molecular weight:
54126.065
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase that catalyzes the conversion of glucosylceramide to free glucose and ceramide. Involved in sphingomyelin generation and prevention of glycolipid accumulation. May also catalyze the hydrolysis of bile acid 3-O-glucosides, however, the relevance of such activity is unclear in vivo.
Gene Name:
GBA2
Uniprot ID:
Q9HCG7
Molecular weight:
104648.13
General function:
Involved in GPI anchor biosynthetic process
Specific function:
Component of the GPI transamidase complex. May be involved in the recognition of either the GPI attachment signal or the lipid portion of GPI
Gene Name:
PIGU
Uniprot ID:
Q9H490
Molecular weight:
50051.2
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Component of the GPI transamidase complex. Essential for transfer of GPI to proteins, particularly for formation of carbonyl intermediates
Gene Name:
PIGT
Uniprot ID:
Q969N2
Molecular weight:
65699.0

Only showing the first 10 proteins. There are 62 proteins in total.