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Record Information
Creation Date2009-07-25 00:04:30 UTC
Update Date2013-05-29 19:48:31 UTC
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name20-oxo-leukotriene B4
Description20-oxo-leukotriene B4 is the metabolite of lipid omega-oxidation of leukotriene B4 (LTB4). LTB4 is the major metabolite in neutrophil polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Omega-oxidation is the major pathway for the catabolism of leukotriene B4 in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Leukotrienes are metabolites of arachidonic acid derived from the action of 5-LO (5-lipoxygenase). The immediate product of 5-LO is LTA4 (leukotriene A4), which is enzymatically converted into either LTB4 (leukotriene B4) by LTA4 hydrolase or LTC4 (leukotriene C4) by LTC4 synthase. The regulation of leukotriene production occurs at various levels, including expression of 5-LO, translocation of 5-LO to the perinuclear region and phosphorylation to either enhance or inhibit the activity of 5-LO. Biologically active LTB4 is metabolized by w-oxidation carried out by specific cytochrome P450s (CYP4F) followed by beta-oxidation from the w-carboxy position and after CoA ester formation. (PMID: 7649996 , 17623009 , 2853166 , 6088485 ). Leukotrienes are eicosanoids. The eicosanoids consist of the prostaglandins (PGs), thromboxanes (TXs), leukotrienes (LTs) and lipoxins (LXs). The PGs and TXs are collectively identified as prostanoids. Prostaglandins were originally shown to be synthesized in the prostate gland, thromboxanes from platelets (thrombocytes) and leukotrienes from leukocytes, hence the derivation of their names. All mammalian cells except erythrocytes synthesize eicosanoids. These molecules are extremely potent, able to cause profound physiological effects at very dilute concentrations. All eicosanoids function locally at the site of synthesis, through receptor-mediated G-protein linked signaling pathways.
  1. 20-Carboxyleukotriene B4
Chemical FormulaC20H30O5
Average Molecular Weight350.4492
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight350.20932407
IUPAC Name(5S,6Z,8E,10E,12R,14Z)-5,12-dihydroxy-20-oxoicosa-6,8,10,14-tetraenoic acid
Traditional Name20-aldehyde leukotriene B4
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as leukotrienes. These are eicosanoids containing a hydroxyl group attached to the aliphatic chain of an arachidonic acid. Eicosanoids containing a hydroxyl group attached to the aliphatic chain of an arachidonic acid. Leukotrienes have four double bonds, three (and only three) of which are conjugated.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentLeukotrienes
Alternative Parents
  • Leukotriene
  • Hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Alpha-hydrogen aldehyde
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aldehyde
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
StatusExpected but not Quantified
  • Endogenous
  • Food
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility0.026 mg/mLALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.65ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count15ChemAxon
Refractivity103.72 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability39.6 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB029163
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4952515
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB12641
Metagene LinkHMDB12641
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6449839
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID63979
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Wheelan P, Murphy RC: Metabolism of 6-trans-isomers of leukotriene B4 in cultured hepatoma cells and in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. Identification of a delta 6-reductase metabolic pathway. J Biol Chem. 1995 Aug 25;270(34):19845-52. [7649996 ]
  2. Murphy RC, Gijon MA: Biosynthesis and metabolism of leukotrienes. Biochem J. 2007 Aug 1;405(3):379-95. [17623009 ]
  3. Mita H, Yui Y, Yasueda H, Shida T: Isocratic determination of arachidonic acid 5-lipoxygenase products in human neutrophils by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Chromatogr. 1988 Sep 9;430(2):299-308. [2853166 ]
  4. Shak S, Goldstein IM: Omega-oxidation is the major pathway for the catabolism of leukotriene B4 in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes. J Biol Chem. 1984 Aug 25;259(16):10181-7. [6088485 ]