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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2009-07-25 00:05:54 UTC
Update Date2017-03-02 21:32:38 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB12715
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common Name3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA
Description3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA is a human metabolite involved in the fatty acid elongation in mitochondria pathway. The enzyme long-chain-3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase catalyzes the conversion of 3-Oxododecanoyl-CoA to (S)-3-Hydroxydodecanoyl-CoA.3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid metabolism, being the substrate of the enzymes beta-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase [EC 1.1.1.211-1.1.1.35]; 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA is an intermediate in fatty acid elongation in mitochondria, the substrate of the enzymes enoyl-CoA hydratase and long-chain-enoyl-CoA hydratase [EC 4.2.1.17-4.2.1.74]. (KEGG).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
3-Hydroxyoctadecanoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
3-Hydroxystearoyl-CoAHMDB
3-Hydroxystearoyl-coenzyme AHMDB
beta-Hydroxystearoyl-CoAHMDB
beta-Hydroxystearyl-CoAHMDB
Chemical FormulaC39H66N7O18P3S
Average Molecular Weight1045.964
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1045.339788569
IUPAC Name3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3R)-3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropyl ({[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonatooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methyl phosphonato}oxy)phosphonate
Traditional Name3-hydroxy-3-({2-[(2-{[(3R)-3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl]sulfanyl}ethyl)carbamoyl]ethyl}carbamoyl)-2,2-dimethylpropyl {[(2R,3R,4S,5R)-5-(6-aminopurin-9-yl)-4-hydroxy-3-(phosphonatooxy)oxolan-2-yl]methyl phosphonato}oxyphosphonate
CAS Registry Number42578-91-6
SMILES
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCC[C@@H](O)CC(=O)SCCNC(=O)CCNC(=O)C(O)C(C)(C)COP([O-])(=O)OP([O-])(=O)OC[C@H]1O[C@H]([C@@H](O)[C@H]1OP([O-])([O-])=O)N1C=NC2=C1N=CN=C2N
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C39H70N7O18P3S/c1-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-27(47)22-30(49)68-21-20-41-29(48)18-19-42-37(52)34(51)39(2,3)24-61-67(58,59)64-66(56,57)60-23-28-33(63-65(53,54)55)32(50)38(62-28)46-26-45-31-35(40)43-25-44-36(31)46/h25-28,32-34,38,47,50-51H,4-24H2,1-3H3,(H,41,48)(H,42,52)(H,56,57)(H,58,59)(H2,40,43,44)(H2,53,54,55)/p-4/t27-,28-,32+,33+,34?,38-/m1/s1
InChI KeyWZMAIEGYXCOYSH-AJEXUEQGSA-J
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of chemical entities known as long-chain fatty acyl coas. These are acyl CoAs where the group acylated to the coenzyme A moiety is a long aliphatic chain of 13 to 21 carbon atoms.
KingdomChemical entities
Super ClassOrganic compounds
ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassFatty Acyls
Direct ParentLong-chain fatty acyl CoAs
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Coenzyme a or derivatives
  • Purine ribonucleoside 3',5'-bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside bisphosphate
  • Purine ribonucleoside diphosphate
  • Ribonucleoside 3'-phosphate
  • Pentose phosphate
  • Pentose-5-phosphate
  • Beta amino acid or derivatives
  • Glycosyl compound
  • N-glycosyl compound
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Monosaccharide phosphate
  • Organic pyrophosphate
  • Imidazopyrimidine
  • Purine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • Fatty amide
  • Monosaccharide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Imidolactam
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Primary aromatic amine
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Pyrimidine
  • Tetrahydrofuran
  • Azole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Imidazole
  • Carbothioic s-ester
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Thiocarboxylic acid ester
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Thiocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Primary amine
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Amine
  • Organic anion
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Endogenous
  • Food
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility1.24 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.18ALOGPS
logP-0.84ChemAxon
logS-3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)0.83ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.95ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count18ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count6ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area395.18 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count36ChemAxon
Refractivity242.88 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability103.45 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid LocationsNot Available
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
Not Available
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB029169
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDC16217
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB12715
Metagene LinkHMDB12715
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53481517
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID50583
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the transformation of estrone (E1) into estradiol (E2), suggesting a central role in estrogen formation. Its strong expression in ovary and mammary gland suggest that it may constitute the major enzyme responsible for the conversion of E1 to E2 in women. Also has 3-ketoacyl-CoA reductase activity, reducing both long chain 3-ketoacyl-CoAs and long chain fatty acyl-CoAs, suggesting a role in long fatty acid elongation.
Gene Name:
HSD17B12
Uniprot ID:
Q53GQ0
Molecular weight:
34323.875
Reactions
3-Oxooctadecanoyl-CoA + NADPH + Hydrogen Ion → 3-hydroxyoctadecanoyl-CoA + NADPdetails
General function:
Involved in protein binding
Specific function:
Condensing enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of both saturated and monounsaturated very long chain fatty acids. Exhibits activity toward saturated C18 to C26 acyl-CoA substrates, with the highest activity towards C22:0 acyl-CoA. Important for saturated C24:0 and monounsaturated C24:1 sphingolipid synthesis.
Gene Name:
ELOVL1
Uniprot ID:
Q9BW60
Molecular weight:
32662.49
General function:
Involved in cell cycle
Specific function:
Interacts with the components of the replication complex and 2 kinases, CDK2 and CDC7, thereby providing a functional and physical link between CDK2 and CDC7 during firing of the origins of replication. Regulates ATR-mediated checkpoint signaling
Gene Name:
CINP
Uniprot ID:
Q9BW66
Molecular weight:
24323.6