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Record Information
StatusDetected and Quantified
Creation Date2009-11-03 00:25:37 UTC
Update Date2018-01-27 04:21:32 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB13132
Metabolite Identification
Common NameHydroxyvalerylcarnitine
DescriptionHydroxyvalerylcarnitine is classified as a member of the fatty acids and conjugates. Fatty acids and conjugates are aliphatic monocarboxylic acids with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic tail (with at least 4 Carbon atoms). Hydroxyvalerylcarnitine is considered to be a slightly soluble (in water) and a weak acidic compound. Hydroxyvalerylcarnitine can be found in Cow milk, pasteurized, vitamin A + D added, 0% fats, Cow milk, pasteurized, vitamin A + D added, 1% fats, Cow milk, pasteurized, vitamin A + D added, 2% fats, and Cow milk, pasteurized, vitamin D added, 3.25% fats. Hydroxyvalerylcarnitine can be found in blood.
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC12H25NO5
Average Molecular Weight263.3306
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight263.173272915
IUPAC Name(3S)-3-[(1,3-dihydroxypentyl)oxy]-4-(trimethylazaniumyl)butanoate
Traditional Name(3S)-3-[(1,3-dihydroxypentyl)oxy]-4-(trimethylammonio)butanoate
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as fatty acids and conjugates. These are aliphatic monocarboxylic acids with a saturated or unsaturated aliphatic tail (with at least 4 Carbon atoms).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassFatty acids and conjugates
Direct ParentFatty acids and conjugates
Alternative Parents
  • Fatty acid
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Carboxylic acid salt
  • Hemiacetal
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic salt
  • Organic zwitterion
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
  • Endogenous
BiofunctionNot Available
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locationsNot Available
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility2.28 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.32ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area89.82 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity88.95 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability28.19 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9100000000-0d9b9c58fae0053ae357View in MoNA
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (2 TMS) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-00di-9101000000-ee918b1dcffad95b4ce8View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-01ow-2590000000-0c825f3e3fe8f2dcd027View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-0f6x-2910000000-95bef5169aae254fe779View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0fdo-9700000000-0da538460e26a1ed2756View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-03di-1290000000-e65a3ec4f8debfbe197eView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-114i-7980000000-ed252bb7f71736ee35e1View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-0zml-9500000000-b60368e60f60d790f3b8View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular LocationsNot Available
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.020-0.100 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormal details
BloodDetected and Quantified<0.110 uMNot SpecifiedNot SpecifiedNormal details
UrineDetected and Quantified143.75 +/- 6.21 umol/mmol creatinineAdolescent (13-18 years old)Both
Abnormal Concentrations
BloodDetected and Quantified0.0602 (0.0527) uMAdult (>18 years old)FemalePregnancy with fetus having congenital heart defect details
BloodDetected and Quantified0.024 +/- 0.009 uMChildren (1-13 years old)Both
    • Metabolomics reve...
BloodDetected and Quantified0.023 +/- 0.007 uMChildren (1-13 years old)Both
    • Metabolomics reve...
UrineDetected and Quantified193.30 +/- 6.69 umol/mmol creatinineAdolescent (13-18 years old)Both
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDFDB029305
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound53481626
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Simons K, Toomre D: Lipid rafts and signal transduction. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Oct;1(1):31-9. [PubMed:11413487 ]
  2. Watson AD: Thematic review series: systems biology approaches to metabolic and cardiovascular disorders. Lipidomics: a global approach to lipid analysis in biological systems. J Lipid Res. 2006 Oct;47(10):2101-11. Epub 2006 Aug 10. [PubMed:16902246 ]
  3. Sethi JK, Vidal-Puig AJ: Thematic review series: adipocyte biology. Adipose tissue function and plasticity orchestrate nutritional adaptation. J Lipid Res. 2007 Jun;48(6):1253-62. Epub 2007 Mar 20. [PubMed:17374880 ]
  4. Lingwood D, Simons K: Lipid rafts as a membrane-organizing principle. Science. 2010 Jan 1;327(5961):46-50. doi: 10.1126/science.1174621. [PubMed:20044567 ]
  5. Gunstone, Frank D., John L. Harwood, and Albert J. Dijkstra (2007). The lipid handbook with CD-ROM. CRC Press.