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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:00:15 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:27:33 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB13860
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameChloroacetaldehyde
DescriptionBeing bifunctional, chloroacetaldehyde is a versatile precursor to many heterocyclic compounds. It condenses with thiourea derivatives to give aminothiazoles. This reaction was once important as a precursor to sulfathiazole, one of the first sulfa drugs. Chloroacetaldehyde is the organic compound with the formula ClCH2CHO. Like some related compounds, it is highly electrophilic reagent and a potentially dangerous alkylating agent. The compound is not normally encountered in the anhydrous form, but rather as the hydrate (acetal), ClCH2CH(OH)2. Chloroacetaldehyde is a useful intermediate in the synthesis, e.g. of 2-aminothiazole or many pharmaceutical compounds. Another use is to facilitate bark removal from tree trunks.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-chloro-1-EthanalChEBI
2-ChloroethanalChEBI
ChloroaldehydeChEBI
MonochloroacetaldehydeChEBI
2-chloro-AcetaldehydeHMDB
2-ChloroacetaldehydeHMDB
CH2ClCHOHMDB
ChloroacetalaldehydeHMDB
Chloroacetaldehyde monomerHMDB
ChloroethanalHMDB
Rcra waste number P023HMDB
Chemical FormulaC2H3ClO
Average Molecular Weight78.498
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight77.987242425
IUPAC Name2-chloroacetaldehyde
Traditional Namechloroacetaldehyde
CAS Registry Number107-20-0
SMILES
ClCC=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C2H3ClO/c3-1-2-4/h2H,1H2
InChI KeyInChIKey=QSKPIOLLBIHNAC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as organochlorides. These are compounds containing a chemical bond between a carbon atom and a chlorine atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganohalogen compounds
ClassOrganochlorides
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentOrganochlorides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl chloride
  • Aldehyde
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug metabolite
  • Endogenous
Biofunction
  • Waste products
Application
  • Pharmaceutical, waste
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateLiquid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point-16.3 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility161.0 mg/mLALOGPS
logP0.18ALOGPS
logP0.16ChemAxon
logS0.31ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.84ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area17.07 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity16.47 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability6.47 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings0ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0udi-9000000000-37aafbd8f12ae548e09bView in MoNA
1D NMR1H NMR SpectrumNot Available
1D NMR13C NMR SpectrumNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Cyclophosphamide Metabolism PathwaySMP00604Not Available
Cyclophosphamide PathwaySMP00447Not Available
Ifosfamide Metabolism PathwaySMP00605Not Available
Ifosfamide PathwaySMP00448Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDNot Available
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00023
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkChloroacetaldehyde
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB13860
Metagene LinkHMDB13860
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27871
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Not Available
Gene Name:
ALDH2
Uniprot ID:
P05091
Molecular weight:
56380.93
Reactions
Chloroacetaldehyde + NAD + Water → Chloroacetic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidation of long-chain aliphatic aldehydes to fatty acids. Active on a variety of saturated and unsaturated aliphatic aldehydes between 6 and 24 carbons in length. Responsible for conversion of the sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) degradation product hexadecenal to hexadecenoic acid.
Gene Name:
ALDH3A2
Uniprot ID:
P51648
Molecular weight:
54847.36
Reactions
Chloroacetaldehyde + NAD + Water → Chloroacetic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails
General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
ALDHs play a major role in the detoxification of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde. They are involved in the metabolism of corticosteroids, biogenic amines, neurotransmitters, and lipid peroxidation.
Gene Name:
ALDH1B1
Uniprot ID:
P30837
Molecular weight:
57248.96
Reactions
Chloroacetaldehyde + NAD + Water → Chloroacetic acid + NADH + Hydrogen Iondetails