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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:28:12 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14349
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDofetilide
DescriptionDofetilide is a class III antiarrhythmic agent that is approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the maintenance of sinus rhythm in individuals prone to the formation of atrial fibrillation and flutter, and for the chemical cardioversion to sinus rhythm from atrial fibrillation and flutter. [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
beta-((P-Methanesulfonamidophenethyl)methylamino)methanesulfono-P-phenetidideChEBI
DofetilidaChEBI
DofetilidumChEBI
TikosynChEBI
b-((P-Methanesulfonamidophenethyl)methylamino)methanesulfono-P-phenetidideGenerator
b-((P-Methanesulphonamidophenethyl)methylamino)methanesulphono-P-phenetidideGenerator
beta-((P-Methanesulphonamidophenethyl)methylamino)methanesulphono-P-phenetidideGenerator
β-((P-methanesulfonamidophenethyl)methylamino)methanesulfono-P-phenetidideGenerator
β-((P-methanesulphonamidophenethyl)methylamino)methanesulphono-P-phenetidideGenerator
Chemical FormulaC19H27N3O5S2
Average Molecular Weight441.565
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight441.139212369
IUPAC NameN-[4-(2-{[2-(4-methanesulfonamidophenyl)ethyl](methyl)amino}ethoxy)phenyl]methanesulfonamide
Traditional Namedofetilide
CAS Registry Number115256-11-6
SMILES
CN(CCOC1=CC=C(NS(C)(=O)=O)C=C1)CCC1=CC=C(NS(C)(=O)=O)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C19H27N3O5S2/c1-22(13-12-16-4-6-17(7-5-16)20-28(2,23)24)14-15-27-19-10-8-18(9-11-19)21-29(3,25)26/h4-11,20-21H,12-15H2,1-3H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=IXTMWRCNAAVVAI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as sulfanilides. These are organic aromatic compounds containing a sulfanilide moiety, with the general structure RS(=O)(=O)NC1=CC=CC=C1.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassSulfanilides
Direct ParentSulfanilides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Sulfanilide
  • Phenethylamine
  • Phenol ether
  • Aralkylamine
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Aminosulfonyl compound
  • Sulfonyl
  • Sulfonic acid derivative
  • Sulfonamide
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Antiarrhythmic Agents
  • Potassium Channel Blockers
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.98e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP2.1Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.02 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.17ALOGPS
logP0.24ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)10.15ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.99ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area104.81 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity113.27 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability46.03 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00204
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00204
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00204
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID64435
KEGG Compound IDC07751
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDofetilide
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14349
Metagene LinkHMDB14349
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound71329
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID4681
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Torp-Pedersen C, Moller M, Bloch-Thomsen PE, Kober L, Sandoe E, Egstrup K, Agner E, Carlsen J, Videbaek J, Marchant B, Camm AJ: Dofetilide in patients with congestive heart failure and left ventricular dysfunction. Danish Investigations of Arrhythmia and Mortality on Dofetilide Study Group. N Engl J Med. 1999 Sep 16;341(12):857-65. [10486417 ]
  2. Lenz TL, Hilleman DE: Dofetilide, a new class III antiarrhythmic agent. Pharmacotherapy. 2000 Jul;20(7):776-86. [10907968 ]
  3. Lenz TL, Hilleman DE: Dofetilide: A new antiarrhythmic agent approved for conversion and/or maintenance of atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter. Drugs Today (Barc). 2000 Nov;36(11):759-71. [12845335 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in ion channel activity
Specific function:
Pore-forming (alpha) subunit of voltage-gated inwardly rectifying potassium channel. Channel properties are modulated by cAMP and subunit assembly. Mediates the rapidly activating component of the delayed rectifying potassium current in heart (IKr). Isoform 3 has no channel activity by itself, but modulates channel characteristics when associated with isoform 1
Gene Name:
KCNH2
Uniprot ID:
Q12809
Molecular weight:
126653.5
References
  1. Lees-Miller JP, Duan Y, Teng GQ, Duff HJ: Molecular determinant of high-affinity dofetilide binding to HERG1 expressed in Xenopus oocytes: involvement of S6 sites. Mol Pharmacol. 2000 Feb;57(2):367-74. [10648647 ]
  2. Overholt JL, Ficker E, Yang T, Shams H, Bright GR, Prabhakar NR: HERG-Like potassium current regulates the resting membrane potential in glomus cells of the rabbit carotid body. J Neurophysiol. 2000 Mar;83(3):1150-7. [10712445 ]
  3. Finlayson K, Pennington AJ, Kelly JS: [3H]dofetilide binding in SHSY5Y and HEK293 cells expressing a HERG-like K+ channel? Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Feb 2;412(3):203-12. [11166283 ]
  4. Finlayson K, Turnbull L, January CT, Sharkey J, Kelly JS: [3H]dofetilide binding to HERG transfected membranes: a potential high throughput preclinical screen. Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Oct 26;430(1):147-8. [11698075 ]
  5. Ficker E, Jarolimek W, Brown AM: Molecular determinants of inactivation and dofetilide block in ether a-go-go (EAG) channels and EAG-related K(+) channels. Mol Pharmacol. 2001 Dec;60(6):1343-8. [11723241 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  7. Ficker E, Jarolimek W, Kiehn J, Baumann A, Brown AM: Molecular determinants of dofetilide block of HERG K+ channels. Circ Res. 1998 Feb 23;82(3):386-95. [9486667 ]
  8. Kang J, Chen XL, Wang H, Ji J, Cheng H, Incardona J, Reynolds W, Viviani F, Tabart M, Rampe D: Discovery of a small molecule activator of the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (HERG) cardiac K+ channel. Mol Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;67(3):827-36. Epub 2004 Nov 17. [15548764 ]
General function:
Involved in inward rectifier potassium channel activity
Specific function:
Probably participates in establishing action potential waveform and excitability of neuronal and muscle tissues. Inward rectifier potassium channels are characterized by a greater tendency to allow potassium to flow into the cell rather than out of it. Their voltage dependence is regulated by the concentration of extracellular potassium; as external potassium is raised, the voltage range of the channel opening shifts to more positive voltages. The inward rectification is mainly due to the blockage of outward current by internal magnesium. Can be blocked by extracellular barium and cesium
Gene Name:
KCNJ12
Uniprot ID:
Q14500
Molecular weight:
49000.6
References
  1. Kiehn J, Wible B, Lacerda AE, Brown AM: Mapping the block of a cloned human inward rectifier potassium channel by dofetilide. Mol Pharmacol. 1996 Aug;50(2):380-7. [8700146 ]