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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:28:41 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14481
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePimecrolimus
DescriptionPimecrolimus is an immunomodulating agent used in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (eczema). It is currently available as a topical cream, once marketed by Novartis, (however Galderma will be promoting the molecule in Canada in early 2007) under the trade name Elidel. [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
ASM 981HMDB
SDZ ASM 981HMDB
Chemical FormulaC43H68ClNO11
Average Molecular Weight810.453
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight809.44808973
IUPAC Name(1R,9S,12S,13S,14S,17R,18Z,21S,23S,24R,25S,27R)-12-[(1E)-1-[(1R,3R,4S)-4-chloro-3-methoxycyclohexyl]prop-1-en-2-yl]-17-ethyl-1,14-dihydroxy-23,25-dimethoxy-13,19,21,27-tetramethyl-11,28-dioxa-4-azatricyclo[22.3.1.0⁴,⁹]octacos-18-ene-2,3,10,16-tetrone
Traditional Nameelidel
CAS Registry Number137071-32-0
SMILES
[H][C@]12O[C@](O)([C@H](C)C[C@@H]1OC)C(=O)C(=O)N1CCCC[C@@]1([H])C(=O)O[C@@H]([C@@H](C)[C@@H](O)CC(=O)[C@H](CC)\C=C(C)/C[C@H](C)C[C@@H]2OC)C(\C)=C\[C@@H]1CC[C@H](Cl)[C@@H](C1)OC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C43H68ClNO11/c1-10-30-18-24(2)17-25(3)19-36(53-8)39-37(54-9)21-27(5)43(51,56-39)40(48)41(49)45-16-12-11-13-32(45)42(50)55-38(28(6)33(46)23-34(30)47)26(4)20-29-14-15-31(44)35(22-29)52-7/h18,20,25,27-33,35-39,46,51H,10-17,19,21-23H2,1-9H3/b24-18-,26-20+/t25-,27+,28-,29-,30+,31-,32-,33-,35+,36-,37-,38+,39+,43+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=KASDHRXLYQOAKZ-KDCWXYOMSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as macrolide lactams. These are cyclic polyketides containing both a cyclic amide and a cyclic ester group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassMacrolide lactams
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentMacrolide lactams
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Macrolide lactam
  • Macrolide
  • Alpha-amino acid ester
  • Piperidine
  • Oxane
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Tertiary amine
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Lactone
  • Lactam
  • Ketone
  • Hemiacetal
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl chloride
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.52e-03 g/LNot Available
LogP4.4Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0015 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.36ALOGPS
logP6.81ChemAxon
logS-5.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)9.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count10ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area158.13 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity214.03 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability87.87 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00337
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00337
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00337
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPimecrolimus
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14481
Metagene LinkHMDB14481
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound17753757
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Grassberger M, Baumruker T, Enz A, Hiestand P, Hultsch T, Kalthoff F, Schuler W, Schulz M, Werner FJ, Winiski A, Wolff B, Zenke G: A novel anti-inflammatory drug, SDZ ASM 981, for the treatment of skin diseases: in vitro pharmacology. Br J Dermatol. 1999 Aug;141(2):264-73. [10468798 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Zollinger M, Waldmeier F, Hartmann S, Zenke G, Zimmerlin AG, Glaenzel U, Baldeck JP, Schweitzer A, Berthier S, Moenius T, Grassberger MA: Pimecrolimus: absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion in healthy volunteers after a single oral dose and supplementary investigations in vitro. Drug Metab Dispos. 2006 May;34(5):765-74. Epub 2006 Feb 7. [16467136 ]
General function:
Involved in binding
Specific function:
Kinase subunit of both mTORC1 and mTORC2, which regulate cell growth and survival in response to nutrient and hormonal signals. mTORC1 is activated in response to growth factors or amino-acids. Amino-acid-signaling to mTORC1 is mediated by Rag GTPases, which cause amino-acid-induced relocalization of mTOR within the endomembrane system. Growth factor-stimulated mTORC1 activation involves AKT1-mediated phosphorylation of TSC1-TSC2, which leads to the activation of the RHEB GTPase that potently activates the protein kinase activity of mTORC1. Activated mTORC1 up-regulates protein synthesis by phosphorylating key regulators of mRNA translation and ribosome synthesis. mTORC1 phosphorylates EIF4EBP1 and releases it from inhibiting the elongation initiation factor 4E (eiF4E). mTORC1 phosphorylates and activates S6K1 at 'Thr-421', which then promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating PDCD4 and targeting it for degradation. mTORC2 is also activated by growth factors, but seems to be nutrient- insensitive. mTORC2 seems to function upstream of Rho GTPases to regulate the actin cytoskeleton, probably by activating one or more Rho-type guanine nucleotide exchange factors. mTORC2 promotes the serum-induced formation of stress-fibers or F-actin. mTORC2 plays a critical role in AKT1 'Ser-473' phosphorylation, which may facilitate the phosphorylation of the activation loop of AKT1 on 'Thr-308' by PDK1 which is a prerequisite for full activation. mTORC2 regulates the phosphorylation of SGK1 at 'Ser-422'. mTORC2 also modulates the phosphorylation of PRKCA on 'Ser-657'
Gene Name:
MTOR
Uniprot ID:
P42345
Molecular weight:
288889.0
References
  1. Reitamo S, Remitz A, Kyllonen H, Saarikko J: Topical noncorticosteroid immunomodulation in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2002;3(6):381-8. [12113647 ]
General function:
Involved in protein folding
Specific function:
May play a role in modulation of ryanodine receptor isoform-1 (RYR-1), a component of the calcium release channel of skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum. There are four molecules of FKBP12 per skeletal muscle RYR. PPIases accelerate the folding of proteins. It catalyzes the cis-trans isomerization of proline imidic peptide bonds in oligopeptides
Gene Name:
FKBP1A
Uniprot ID:
P62942
Molecular weight:
11950.7
References
  1. Reitamo S, Remitz A, Kyllonen H, Saarikko J: Topical noncorticosteroid immunomodulation in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Am J Clin Dermatol. 2002;3(6):381-8. [12113647 ]