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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:28:50 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14524
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDexrazoxane
DescriptionAn antimitotic agent with immunosuppressive properties. Dexrazoxane, the (+)-enantiomorph of razoxane, provides cardioprotection against anthracycline toxicity. It appears to inhibit formation of a toxic iron-anthracycline complex. [PubChem]. The Food and Drug Administration has designated dexrazoxane as an orphan drug for use in the prevention or reduction in the incidence and severity of anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-(S)-4,4'-Propylenedi-2,6-piperazinedioneChEBI
(+)-1,2-Bis(3,5-dioxo-1-piperazinyl)propaneChEBI
DexrazoxanoChEBI
DexrazoxanumChEBI
DextrorazoxaneChEBI
DesrazoxaneHMDB
Icrf-187HMDB
Chemical FormulaC11H16N4O4
Average Molecular Weight268.2691
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight268.11715502
IUPAC Name4-[(2S)-2-(3,5-dioxopiperazin-1-yl)propyl]piperazine-2,6-dione
Traditional Namedexrazoxane
CAS Registry Number24584-09-6
SMILES
C[C@@H](CN1CC(=O)NC(=O)C1)N1CC(=O)NC(=O)C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C11H16N4O4/c1-7(15-5-10(18)13-11(19)6-15)2-14-3-8(16)12-9(17)4-14/h7H,2-6H2,1H3,(H,12,16,17)(H,13,18,19)/t7-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=BMKDZUISNHGIBY-ZETCQYMHSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as alpha amino acids and derivatives. These are amino acids in which the amino group is attached to the carbon atom immediately adjacent to the carboxylate group (alpha carbon), or a derivative thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAlpha amino acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Dioxopiperazine
  • N-alkylpiperazine
  • Dicarboximide
  • Piperazine
  • 1,4-diazinane
  • Carboxylic acid imide, n-unsubstituted
  • Carboxylic acid imide
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cardiovascular Agents
  • Chelating Agents
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point191 - 197 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.04e+01 g/LNot Available
LogP-2.6Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.4 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.1ALOGPS
logP-2.7ChemAxon
logS-1.4ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.2ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area98.82 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity64.25 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability26.12 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00380
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00380
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-4 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-2 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00380
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID64479
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDexrazoxane
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14524
Metagene LinkHMDB14524
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound71384
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID50223
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Hasinoff BB, Herman EH: Dexrazoxane: how it works in cardiac and tumor cells. Is it a prodrug or is it a drug? Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2007;7(2):140-4. [17652819 ]
  2. Kik K, Szmigiero L: [Dexrazoxane (ICRF-187)--a cardioprotectant and modulator of action of some anticancer drugs]. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2006;60:584-90. [17115008 ]
  3. Weiss G, Loyevsky M, Gordeuk VR: Dexrazoxane (ICRF-187). Gen Pharmacol. 1999 Jan;32(1):155-8. [9888268 ]
  4. Langer SW: Dexrazoxane for anthracycline extravasation. Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2007 Aug;7(8):1081-8. [18028016 ]
  5. Hasinoff BB: The use of dexrazoxane for the prevention of anthracycline extravasation injury. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2008 Feb;17(2):217-23. doi: 10.1517/13543784.17.2.217. [18230055 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Control of topological states of DNA by transient breakage and subsequent rejoining of DNA strands. Topoisomerase II makes double-strand breaks. Indirectly ivolved in vitamin D- coupled transcription regulation via its association with the WINAC complex, a chromatin-remodeling complex recruited by vitamin D receptor (VDR), which is required for the ligand-bound VDR- mediated transrepression of the CYP27B1 gene
Gene Name:
TOP2B
Uniprot ID:
Q02880
Molecular weight:
183265.8
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [10592235 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Control of topological states of DNA by transient breakage and subsequent rejoining of DNA strands. Topoisomerase II makes double-strand breaks
Gene Name:
TOP2A
Uniprot ID:
P11388
Molecular weight:
174383.9
References
  1. Hasinoff BB, Chee GL, Thampatty P, Allan WP, Yalowich JC: The cardioprotective and DNA topoisomerase II inhibitory agent dexrazoxane (ICRF-187) antagonizes camptothecin-mediated growth inhibition of Chinese hamster ovary cells by inhibition of DNA synthesis. Anticancer Drugs. 1999 Jan;10(1):47-54. [10194547 ]
  2. Hasinoff BB, Abram ME, Barnabe N, Khelifa T, Allan WP, Yalowich JC: The catalytic DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor dexrazoxane (ICRF-187) induces differentiation and apoptosis in human leukemia K562 cells. Mol Pharmacol. 2001 Mar;59(3):453-61. [11179439 ]
  3. Langer SW, Sehested M, Jensen PB: Dexrazoxane is a potent and specific inhibitor of anthracycline induced subcutaneous lesions in mice. Ann Oncol. 2001 Mar;12(3):405-10. [11332155 ]
  4. Hasinoff BB, Takeda K, Ferrans VJ, Yu ZX: The doxorubicin cardioprotective agent dexrazoxane (ICRF-187) induces endopolyploidy in rat neonatal myocytes through inhibition of DNA topoisomerase II. Anticancer Drugs. 2002 Mar;13(3):255-8. [11984069 ]
  5. Renodon-Corniere A, Jensen LH, Nitiss JL, Jensen PB, Sehested M: Analysis of bisdioxopiperazine dexrazoxane binding to human DNA topoisomerase II alpha: decreased binding as a mechanism of drug resistance. Biochemistry. 2003 Aug 19;42(32):9749-54. [12911317 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  7. Hasinoff BB, Herman EH: Dexrazoxane: how it works in cardiac and tumor cells. Is it a prodrug or is it a drug? Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2007;7(2):140-4. [17652819 ]
  8. Kik K, Szmigiero L: [Dexrazoxane (ICRF-187)--a cardioprotectant and modulator of action of some anticancer drugs]. Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online). 2006;60:584-90. [17115008 ]
  9. Hasinoff BB, Abram ME, Chee GL, Huebner E, Byard EH, Barnabe N, Ferrans VJ, Yu ZX, Yalowich JC: The catalytic DNA topoisomerase II inhibitor dexrazoxane (ICRF-187) induces endopolyploidy in Chinese hamster ovary cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2000 Nov;295(2):474-83. [11046078 ]