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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:28:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14551
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameArdeparin
DescriptionArdeparin, marketed under the US trade name Normiflo, is a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) anticoagulant used for the prevention of postoperative venous thrombosis. Ardeparin is derived via peroxide degradation of heparin extracted from porcine intestinal mucosa. Its molecular weight ranges from 2000 to 15,000 with an average molecular weight of 5500 to 6500. Normiflo was withdrawn from the US market in March 2000.
Structure
Thumb
SynonymsNot Available
Chemical FormulaC26H42N2O37S5
Average Molecular Weight1134.928
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1134.006993818
IUPAC Name3-[(5-{[6-carboxy-4,5-dihydroxy-3-(sulfooxy)oxan-2-yl]oxy}-6-(hydroxymethyl)-3-(sulfoamino)-4-(sulfooxy)oxan-2-yl)oxy]-6-({5-acetamido-4,6-dihydroxy-2-[(sulfooxy)methyl]oxan-3-yl}oxy)-4-hydroxy-5-(sulfooxy)oxane-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Nameenoxaparin sodium
CAS Registry NumberNot Available
SMILES
CC(=O)NC1C(O)OC(COS(O)(=O)=O)C(OC2OC(C(OC3OC(CO)C(OC4OC(C(O)C(O)C4OS(O)(=O)=O)C(O)=O)C(OS(O)(=O)=O)C3NS(O)(=O)=O)C(O)C2OS(O)(=O)=O)C(O)=O)C1O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C26H42N2O37S5/c1-4(30)27-7-9(31)13(6(56-23(7)39)3-55-67(43,44)45)58-26-19(65-70(52,53)54)12(34)16(20(62-26)22(37)38)60-24-8(28-66(40,41)42)15(63-68(46,47)48)14(5(2-29)57-24)59-25-18(64-69(49,50)51)11(33)10(32)17(61-25)21(35)36/h5-20,23-26,28-29,31-34,39H,2-3H2,1H3,(H,27,30)(H,35,36)(H,37,38)(H,40,41,42)(H,43,44,45)(H,46,47,48)(H,49,50,51)(H,52,53,54)
InChI KeyInChIKey=HTTJABKRGRZYRN-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as oligosaccharide sulfates. These are carbohydrates containing between 3 and 9 sugar units, one of which bear one or more sulfate groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganooxygen compounds
ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Sub ClassOligosaccharides
Direct ParentOligosaccharide sulfates
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Oligosaccharide sulfate
  • Acylaminosugar
  • Fatty acyl glycoside
  • N-acyl-alpha-hexosamine
  • O-glucuronide
  • 1-o-glucuronide
  • Glucuronic acid or derivatives
  • Glucosamine
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Glycosyl compound
  • Pyran carboxylic acid
  • Pyran carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Amino saccharide
  • Sulfuric acid monoester
  • Beta-hydroxy acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Sulfuric acid ester
  • Alkyl sulfate
  • Sulfate-ester
  • Pyran
  • Oxane
  • Sulfuric acid monoamide
  • Hydroxy acid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Acetamide
  • Organic sulfuric acid or derivatives
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Hemiacetal
  • Carboxamide group
  • 1,2-diol
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Anticoagulants
  • Antithrombotic Agents
  • Heparins
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.08e+01 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility10.8 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.7ALOGPS
logP-8.3ChemAxon
logS-2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-2.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count33ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count15ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area610.49 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count20ChemAxon
Refractivity195.91 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability93.37 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Ardeparin PathwaySMP00275Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00407
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00407
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00407
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID751
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkArdeparin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14551
Metagene LinkHMDB14551
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound772
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGTs are of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isozyme is active on polyhydroxylated estrogens (such as estriol, 4-hydroxyestrone and 2-hydroxyestriol) and xenobiotics (such as 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, 4-nitrophenol, 2-aminophenol, 4-hydroxybiphenyl and menthol). It is capable of 6 alpha-hydroxyglucuronidation of hyodeoxycholic acid.
Gene Name:
UGT2B4
Uniprot ID:
P06133
Molecular weight:
60512.035
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate.
Gene Name:
UGT1A4
Uniprot ID:
P22310
Molecular weight:
60024.535
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. Its unique specificity for 3,4-catechol estrogens and estriol suggests it may play an important role in regulating the level and activity of these potent and active estrogen metabolites. Is also active with androsterone, hyodeoxycholic acid and tetrachlorocatechol (in vitro).
Gene Name:
UGT2B7
Uniprot ID:
P16662
Molecular weight:
60720.15
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform glucuronidates bilirubin IX-alpha to form both the IX-alpha-C8 and IX-alpha-C12 monoconjugates and diconjugate. Is also able to catalyze the glucuronidation of 17beta-estradiol, 17alpha-ethinylestradiol, 1-hydroxypyrene, 4-methylumbelliferone, 1-naphthol, paranitrophenol, scopoletin, and umbelliferone.
Gene Name:
UGT1A1
Uniprot ID:
P22309
Molecular weight:
59590.91
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A9
Uniprot ID:
O60656
Molecular weight:
59940.495
General function:
Involved in transferase activity, transferring hexosyl groups
Specific function:
UDPGT is of major importance in the conjugation and subsequent elimination of potentially toxic xenobiotics and endogenous compounds. This isoform has specificity for phenols.
Gene Name:
UGT1A6
Uniprot ID:
P19224
Molecular weight:
60750.215
General function:
Involved in heparin binding
Specific function:
Peptides at the N-terminal of HC-II have chemotactic activity for both monocytes and neutrophils
Gene Name:
SERPIND1
Uniprot ID:
P05546
Molecular weight:
57070.2
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Mousa SA: The low molecular weight heparin, tinzaparin, in thrombosis and beyond. Cardiovasc Drug Rev. 2002 Fall;20(3):199-216. [12397367 ]
  4. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in serine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity
Specific function:
Most important serine protease inhibitor in plasma that regulates the blood coagulation cascade. AT-III inhibits thrombin as well as factors IXa, Xa and XIa. Its inhibitory activity is greatly enhanced in the presence of heparin
Gene Name:
SERPINC1
Uniprot ID:
P01008
Molecular weight:
52601.9
References
  1. Mousa SA: The low molecular weight heparin, tinzaparin, in thrombosis and beyond. Cardiovasc Drug Rev. 2002 Fall;20(3):199-216. [12397367 ]
  2. Lin P, Sinha U, Betz A: Antithrombin binding of low molecular weight heparins and inhibition of factor Xa. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2001 Apr 3;1526(1):105-13. [11287128 ]
  3. Shaughnessy SG, Young E, Deschamps P, Hirsh J: The effects of low molecular weight and standard heparin on calcium loss from fetal rat calvaria. Blood. 1995 Aug 15;86(4):1368-73. [7632944 ]