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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:29:06 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14586
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBetamethasone
DescriptionA glucocorticoid given orally, parenterally, by local injection, by inhalation, or applied topically in the management of various disorders in which corticosteroids are indicated. Its lack of mineralocorticoid properties makes betamethasone particularly suitable for treating cerebral edema and congenital adrenal hyperplasia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p724)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
16beta-Methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-9alpha-fluoro-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-3,20-dioneChEBI
9-fluoro-16beta-MethylprednisoloneChEBI
9alpha-fluoro-16beta-MethylprednisoloneChEBI
beta-Methasone alcoholChEBI
BetadexamethasoneChEBI
BetametasonaChEBI
BetamethasonumChEBI
RinderonChEBI
16b-Methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-9a-fluoro-11b,17a,21-triol-3,20-dioneGenerator
16β-methyl-1,4-pregnadiene-9α-fluoro-11β,17α,21-triol-3,20-dioneGenerator
9-fluoro-16b-MethylprednisoloneGenerator
9-fluoro-16β-methylprednisoloneGenerator
9a-fluoro-16b-MethylprednisoloneGenerator
9α-fluoro-16β-methylprednisoloneGenerator
b-Methasone alcoholGenerator
β-methasone alcoholGenerator
Chemical FormulaC22H29FO5
Average Molecular Weight392.4611
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight392.199902243
IUPAC Name(1R,2S,10S,11S,13S,14R,15S,17S)-1-fluoro-14,17-dihydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,13,15-trimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadeca-3,6-dien-5-one
Traditional Namebetamethasone
CAS Registry Number378-44-9
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@H](C)[C@](O)(C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)C[C@H](O)[C@@]1(F)[C@@]2([H])CCC2=CC(=O)C=C[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C22H29FO5/c1-12-8-16-15-5-4-13-9-14(25)6-7-19(13,2)21(15,23)17(26)10-20(16,3)22(12,28)18(27)11-24/h6-7,9,12,15-17,24,26,28H,4-5,8,10-11H2,1-3H3/t12-,15-,16-,17-,19-,20-,21-,22-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=UREBDLICKHMUKA-DVTGEIKXSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 21-hydroxysteroids. These are steroids carrying a hydroxyl group at the 21-position of the steroid backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxysteroids
Direct Parent21-hydroxysteroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 21-hydroxysteroid
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • Pregnane-skeleton
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 17-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • Halo-steroid
  • 9-halo-steroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-1,4-steroid
  • Delta-1,4-steroid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Halohydrin
  • Fluorohydrin
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organofluoride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl fluoride
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents
  • Anti-inflammatory Agents
  • Anti-inflammatory Agents, Steroidal
  • Cell signaling
  • Corticosteroid
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point231 - 234 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility5.05e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP1.1Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.051 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.93ALOGPS
logP1.68ChemAxon
logS-3.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.42ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-3.3ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity102.49 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.88 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00443
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00443
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00443
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID9399
KEGG Compound IDC06848
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkBetamethasone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14586
Metagene LinkHMDB14586
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound9782
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID3077
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the formation of aromatic C18 estrogens from C19 androgens.
Gene Name:
CYP19A1
Uniprot ID:
P11511
Molecular weight:
57882.48
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular weight:
141477.3
References
  1. Yates CR, Chang C, Kearbey JD, Yasuda K, Schuetz EG, Miller DD, Dalton JT, Swaan PW: Structural determinants of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport of glucocorticoids. Pharm Res. 2003 Nov;20(11):1794-803. [14661924 ]