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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:29:13 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14614
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameMontelukast
DescriptionMontelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist (LTRA) used for the maintenance treatment of asthma and to relieve symptoms of seasonal allergies. It is usually administered orally. Montelukast blocks the action of leukotriene D4 on the cysteinyl leukotriene receptor CysLT1 in the lungs and bronchial tubes by binding to it. This reduces the bronchoconstriction otherwise caused by the leukotriene, and results in less inflammation. Because of its method of operation, it is not useful for the treatment of acute asthma attacks. Again because of its very specific locus of operation, it does not interact with other allergy medications such as theophylline. Montelukast is marketed in United States and many other countries by Merck & Co. with the brand name Singulair. It is available as oral tablets, chewable tablets, and oral granules. In India and other countries, it is also marketed under the brand name Montair®, produced by Indian company Cipla.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(R-(e))-1-(((1-(3-(2-(7-chloro-2-Quinolinyl)ethenyl)phenyl)-3-(2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)methyl)cyclopropaneacetic acidChEBI
1-[[[(1 R)-1-[3-[(1E)-2-(7-chloro-2-Quinolinyl)ethenyl] phenyl]-3-[2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)phenyl]propyl]sulfanyl]methyl]cyclopropaneacetic acidChEBI
(R-(e))-1-(((1-(3-(2-(7-chloro-2-Quinolinyl)ethenyl)phenyl)-3-(2-(1-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)phenyl)propyl)thio)methyl)cyclopropaneacetateGenerator
Chemical FormulaC35H36ClNO3S
Average Molecular Weight586.183
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight585.21044242
IUPAC Name2-[1-({[(1R)-1-{3-[(E)-2-(7-chloroquinolin-2-yl)ethenyl]phenyl}-3-[2-(2-hydroxypropan-2-yl)phenyl]propyl]sulfanyl}methyl)cyclopropyl]acetic acid
Traditional Namemontelukast
CAS Registry Number158966-92-8
SMILES
OC(=O)CC1(CC1)CS[C@H](CCC1=CC=CC=C1C(O)(C)C)C1=CC=CC(\C=C\C2=NC3=C(C=CC(Cl)=C3)C=C2)=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C35H36ClNO3S/c1-34(2,40)30-9-4-3-7-25(30)13-17-32(41-23-35(18-19-35)22-33(38)39)27-8-5-6-24(20-27)10-15-29-16-12-26-11-14-28(36)21-31(26)37-29/h3-12,14-16,20-21,32,40H,13,17-19,22-23H2,1-2H3,(H,38,39)/b15-10+/t32-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=UCHDWCPVSPXUMX-TZIWLTJVSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as linear 1,3-diarylpropanoids. These are organic compounds with a structure based on a C6-C3-C6 skeleton, where the two benzene rings are not linked together.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassLinear 1,3-diarylpropanoids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentLinear 1,3-diarylpropanoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Linear 1,3-diarylpropanoid
  • Chloroquinoline
  • Quinoline
  • Phenylpropane
  • Styrene
  • Thia fatty acid
  • Fatty acyl
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyridine
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Dialkylthioether
  • Sulfenyl compound
  • Thioether
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic alcohol
  • Organosulfur compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Anti-Asthmatic Agents
  • Antiarrhythmic Agents
  • Leukotriene Antagonists
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility8.20e-06 g/LNot Available
LogP7.9Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility8.2e-06 mg/mLALOGPS
logP7.25ALOGPS
logP8.49ChemAxon
logS-7.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.4ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.12ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area70.42 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity169.5 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability66.36 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00471
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00471
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00471
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4444507
KEGG Compound IDC07482
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkMontelukast
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14614
Metagene LinkHMDB14614
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5281040
PDB IDMTK
ChEBI ID50730
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in metal ion binding
Specific function:
Catalyzes the first step in leukotriene biosynthesis, and thereby plays a role in inflammatory processes.
Gene Name:
ALOX5
Uniprot ID:
P09917
Molecular weight:
77982.595
References
  1. Ramires R, Caiaffa MF, Tursi A, Haeggstrom JZ, Macchia L: Novel inhibitory effect on 5-lipoxygenase activity by the anti-asthma drug montelukast. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2004 Nov 12;324(2):815-21. [15474500 ]
General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
May play an important role in regulating or promoting cell proliferation in some normal and neoplastically transformed cells.
Gene Name:
PTGS1
Uniprot ID:
P23219
Molecular weight:
68685.82
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [19515014 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [19515014 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. This enzyme contributes to the wide pharmacokinetics variability of the metabolism of drugs such as S-warfarin, diclofenac, phenytoin, tolbutamide and losartan.
Gene Name:
CYP2C9
Uniprot ID:
P11712
Molecular weight:
55627.365
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [19515014 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. In the epoxidation of arachidonic acid it generates only 14,15- and 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. It is the principal enzyme responsible for the metabolism the anti-cancer drug paclitaxel (taxol).
Gene Name:
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID:
P10632
Molecular weight:
55824.275
References
  1. Schoch GA, Yano JK, Sansen S, Dansette PM, Stout CD, Johnson EF: Determinants of cytochrome P450 2C8 substrate binding: structures of complexes with montelukast, troglitazone, felodipine, and 9-cis-retinoic acid. J Biol Chem. 2008 Jun 20;283(25):17227-37. Epub 2008 Apr 15. [18413310 ]
  2. Walsky RL, Gaman EA, Obach RS: Examination of 209 drugs for inhibition of cytochrome P450 2C8. J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Jan;45(1):68-78. [15601807 ]
  3. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Exhibits a high coumarin 7-hydroxylase activity. Can act in the hydroxylation of the anti-cancer drugs cyclophosphamide and ifosphamide. Competent in the metabolic activation of aflatoxin B1. Constitutes the major nicotine C-oxidase. Acts as a 1,4-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. Possesses low phenacetin O-deethylation activity.
Gene Name:
CYP2A6
Uniprot ID:
P11509
Molecular weight:
56517.005
References
  1. Zhou SF, Zhou ZW, Yang LP, Cai JP: Substrates, inducers, inhibitors and structure-activity relationships of human Cytochrome P450 2C9 and implications in drug development. Curr Med Chem. 2009;16(27):3480-675. Epub 2009 Sep 1. [19515014 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for cysteinyl leukotrienes mediating bronchoconstriction of individuals with and without asthma. Stimulation by LTD4 results in the contraction and proliferation of smooth muscle, edema, eosinophil migration and damage to the mucus layer in the lung. This response is mediated via a G-protein that activates a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. The rank order of affinities for the leukotrienes is LTD4 >> LTE4 = LTC4 >> LTB4
Gene Name:
CYSLTR1
Uniprot ID:
Q9Y271
Molecular weight:
38540.5
References
  1. Nayak A: A review of montelukast in the treatment of asthma and allergic rhinitis. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2004 Mar;5(3):679-86. [15013935 ]
  2. Zhang YJ, Zhang L, Wang SB, Shen HH, Wei EQ: Montelukast modulates lung CysLT(1) receptor expression and eosinophilic inflammation in asthmatic mice. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2004 Oct;25(10):1341-6. [15456537 ]
  3. Hamacher J, Eichert K, Braun C, Grebe T, Strub A, Lucas R, Eltze M, Wendel A: Montelukast exerts no acute direct effect on NO synthases. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2006 May 19;. [16815057 ]
  4. Langlois A, Ferland C, Tremblay GM, Laviolette M: Montelukast regulates eosinophil protease activity through a leukotriene-independent mechanism. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2006 Jul;118(1):113-9. Epub 2006 May 19. [16815146 ]
  5. Alfieri AB, Tramontana M, Cialdai C, Lecci A, Giuliani S, Crea A, Manzini S, Maggi CA: Heterogeneous effect of leucotriene CysLT1 receptor antagonists on antigen-induced motor and inflammatory responses in guinea-pig airways. Auton Autacoid Pharmacol. 2007 Jan;27(1):39-46. [17199874 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Mediates the Na(+)-independent transport of organic anions such as taurocholate, the prostaglandins PGD2, PGE1, PGE2, leukotriene C4, thromboxane B2 and iloprost
Gene Name:
SLCO2B1
Uniprot ID:
O94956
Molecular weight:
76697.9
References
  1. Mougey EB, Feng H, Castro M, Irvin CG, Lima JJ: Absorption of montelukast is transporter mediated: a common variant of OATP2B1 is associated with reduced plasma concentrations and poor response. Pharmacogenet Genomics. 2009 Feb;19(2):129-38. [19151602 ]