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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:49 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:29:19 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14643
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTolmetin
DescriptionTolmetin is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agent (anti-inflammatory agents, NON-steroidal) similar in mode of action to indomethacin. [PubChem]The mode of action of tolmetin is not known. However, studies in laboratory animals and man have demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory action of tolmetin is not due to pituitary-adrenal stimulation. Tolmetin inhibits prostaglandin synthetase in vitro and lowers the plasma level of prostaglandin E in man. This reduction in prostaglandin synthesis may be responsible for the anti-inflammatory action. Tolmetin does not appear to alter the course of the underlying disease in man.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-Methyl-5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-pyrrole-2-acetic acidChEBI
1-Methyl-5-P-toluoylpyrrole-2-acetic acidChEBI
5-(P-Toluoyl)-1-methylpyrrole-2-acetic acidChEBI
TolmetinaChEBI
TolmetineChEBI
TolmetinoChEBI
TolmetinumChEBI
1-Methyl-5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-pyrrole-2-acetateGenerator
1-Methyl-5-P-toluoylpyrrole-2-acetateGenerator
5-(P-Toluoyl)-1-methylpyrrole-2-acetateGenerator
Chemical FormulaC15H15NO3
Average Molecular Weight257.2845
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight257.105193351
IUPAC Name2-[1-methyl-5-(4-methylbenzoyl)-1H-pyrrol-2-yl]acetic acid
Traditional Nametolmetin
CAS Registry Number26171-23-3
SMILES
CN1C(CC(O)=O)=CC=C1C(=O)C1=CC=C(C)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C15H15NO3/c1-10-3-5-11(6-4-10)15(19)13-8-7-12(16(13)2)9-14(17)18/h3-8H,9H2,1-2H3,(H,17,18)
InChI KeyInChIKey=UPSPUYADGBWSHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as acetophenones. These are organic compounds containing the acetophenone structure.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassAcetophenones
Direct ParentAcetophenones
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Acetophenone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Benzoyl
  • Toluene
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • N-methylpyrrole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Pyrrole
  • Ketone
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point156 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.31e-01 g/LNot Available
LogP2.6Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.13 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.81ALOGPS
logP2.73ChemAxon
logS-3.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.96ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-7.8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area59.3 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count4ChemAxon
Refractivity72.39 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability27.67 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Tolmetin Action PathwaySMP00704Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00500
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00500
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00500
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5308
KEGG Compound IDC07149
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTolmetin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14643
Metagene LinkHMDB14643
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5509
PDB IDTLT
ChEBI ID218617
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
Mediates the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonate. May have a role as a major mediator of inflammation and/or a role for prostanoid signaling in activity-dependent plasticity.
Gene Name:
PTGS2
Uniprot ID:
P35354
Molecular weight:
68995.625
References
  1. Burdan F, Szumilo J, Klepacz R, Dudka J, Korobowicz A, Tokarska E, Cendrowska-Pinkosz M, Madej B, Klepacz L: Gastrointestinal and hepatic toxicity of selective and non-selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors in pregnant and non-pregnant rats. Pharmacol Res. 2004 Nov;50(5):533-43. [15458776 ]
  2. Capasso A, Sorrentino L: Arachidonic acid and its metabolites are involved in the expression of morphine dependence in guinea-pig isolated ileum. Eur J Pharmacol. 1997 Jul 9;330(2-3):199-204. [9253954 ]
  3. Kirkova M, Alexandova A, Kesiova M, Todorov S: In vivo effects of amtolmetin guacyl on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defence systems. Comparison with non-selective and COX-2 selective NSAIDs. Auton Autacoid Pharmacol. 2007 Apr;27(2):99-104. [17391279 ]
  4. Kennedy JH, Korn N, Thurston RJ: Prostaglandin levels in seminal plasma and sperm extracts of the domestic turkey, and the effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors on sperm mobility. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2003 Oct 9;1:74. [14613550 ]
  5. Capasso A: Further studies on the involvement of the arachidonic acid cascade in the acute dependence produced by mu, kappa and delta opioid agonists in isolated tissues. Neuropharmacology. 1999 Jun;38(6):871-7. [10465690 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
May play an important role in regulating or promoting cell proliferation in some normal and neoplastically transformed cells.
Gene Name:
PTGS1
Uniprot ID:
P23219
Molecular weight:
68685.82
References
  1. Capasso A, Sorrentino L: Arachidonic acid and its metabolites are involved in the expression of morphine dependence in guinea-pig isolated ileum. Eur J Pharmacol. 1997 Jul 9;330(2-3):199-204. [9253954 ]
  2. Kennedy JH, Korn N, Thurston RJ: Prostaglandin levels in seminal plasma and sperm extracts of the domestic turkey, and the effects of cyclooxygenase inhibitors on sperm mobility. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2003 Oct 9;1:74. [14613550 ]
  3. Capasso A: Further studies on the involvement of the arachidonic acid cascade in the acute dependence produced by mu, kappa and delta opioid agonists in isolated tissues. Neuropharmacology. 1999 Jun;38(6):871-7. [10465690 ]
  4. Burdan F, Szumilo J, Marzec B, Klepacz R, Dudka J: Skeletal developmental effects of selective and nonselective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors administered through organogenesis and fetogenesis in Wistar CRL:(WI)WUBR rats. Toxicology. 2005 Dec 15;216(2-3):204-23. Epub 2005 Sep 22. [16182428 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Involved in the renal elimination of endogenous and exogenous organic anions. Functions as organic anion exchanger when the uptake of one molecule of organic anion is coupled with an efflux of one molecule of endogenous dicarboxylic acid (glutarate, ketoglutarate, etc). Mediates the sodium-independent uptake of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS). Mediates the sodium-independent uptake of p- aminohippurate (PAH), ochratoxin (OTA), acyclovir (ACV), 3'-azido- 3-'deoxythymidine (AZT), cimetidine (CMD), 2,4-dichloro- phenoxyacetate (2,4-D), hippurate (HA), indoleacetate (IA), indoxyl sulfate (IS) and 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2- furanpropionate (CMPF), cidofovir, adefovir, 9-(2- phosphonylmethoxyethyl) guanine (PMEG), 9-(2- phosphonylmethoxyethyl) diaminopurine (PMEDAP) and edaravone sulfate. PAH uptake is inhibited by p- chloromercuribenzenesulphonate (PCMBS), diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC), sulindac, diclofenac, carprofen, glutarate and okadaic acid. PAH uptake is inhibited by benzothiazolylcysteine (BTC), S-chlorotrifluoroethylcysteine (CTFC), cysteine S-conjugates S-dichlorovinylcysteine (DCVC), furosemide, steviol, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, benzylpenicillin, furosemide, indomethacin, bumetamide, losartan, probenecid, phenol red, urate, and alpha-ketoglutarate
Gene Name:
SLC22A6
Uniprot ID:
Q4U2R8
Molecular weight:
61815.8
References
  1. Apiwattanakul N, Sekine T, Chairoungdua A, Kanai Y, Nakajima N, Sophasan S, Endou H: Transport properties of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs by organic anion transporter 1 expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Mol Pharmacol. 1999 May;55(5):847-54. [10220563 ]