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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:50 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:29:22 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14652
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAcetyldigitoxin
DescriptionAcetyldigitoxin is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a cardioactive derivative of lanatoside A or of digitoxin used for fast digitalization in congestive heart failure.Acetyldigitoxin binds to a site on the extracellular aspect of the α-subunit of the Na+/K+ ATPase pump in the membranes of heart cells (myocytes). This causes an increase in the level of sodium ions in the myocytes, which then leads to a rise in the level of calcium ions. The proposed mechanism is the following: inhibition of the Na+/K+ pump leads to increased Na+ levels, which in turn slows down the extrusion of Ca2+ via the Na+/Ca2+ exchange pump. Increased amounts of Ca2+ are then stored in the sarcoplasmic reticulum and released by each action potential, which is unchanged by acetyldigitoxin. This is a different mechanism from that of catecholamines. Acetyldigitoxin also increases vagal activity via its central action on the central nervous system, thus decreasing the conduction of electrical impulses through the AV node. This is important for its clinical use in different arrhythmias.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
AcetildigitoxinaChEBI
Acetyl-digitoxin-alphaChEBI
AcetyldiginatinChEBI
AcetyldigitoxinumChEBI
AcetylgitaloxinChEBI
AcetylgitoxinChEBI
alpha-AcetyldigitoxinChEBI
alpha-AcetylgitaloxinChEBI
alpha-MonoacetyldigitoxinChEBI
Desglucolanatoside aChEBI
Digitoxin 3'''-acetateChEBI
Acetyl-digitoxin-aGenerator
Acetyl-digitoxin-αGenerator
a-AcetyldigitoxinGenerator
α-acetyldigitoxinGenerator
a-AcetylgitaloxinGenerator
α-acetylgitaloxinGenerator
a-MonoacetyldigitoxinGenerator
α-monoacetyldigitoxinGenerator
Digitoxin 3'''-acetic acidGenerator
3'''-O-acetyldigitoxinHMDB
Chemical FormulaC43H66O14
Average Molecular Weight806.9757
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight806.44525682
IUPAC Name(2R,3R,4S,6S)-3-hydroxy-6-{[(2R,3S,4S,6S)-4-hydroxy-6-{[(2R,3S,4S,6R)-4-hydroxy-6-{[(1S,2S,5S,7R,10R,11S,14R,15R)-11-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyl-14-(5-oxo-2,5-dihydrofuran-3-yl)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadecan-5-yl]oxy}-2-methyloxan-3-yl]oxy}-2-methyloxan-3-yl]oxy}-2-methyloxan-4-yl acetate
Traditional Nameacetyldigitoxin
CAS Registry Number25395-32-8
SMILES
[H][C@@]1(CC[C@]2(O)[C@]3([H])CC[C@]4([H])C[C@H](CC[C@]4(C)[C@@]3([H])CC[C@]12C)O[C@H]1C[C@H](O)[C@H](O[C@H]2C[C@H](O)[C@H](O[C@H]3C[C@H](OC(C)=O)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)O3)[C@@H](C)O2)[C@@H](C)O1)C1=CC(=O)OC1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C43H66O14/c1-21-38(48)33(54-24(4)44)19-37(51-21)57-40-23(3)53-36(18-32(40)46)56-39-22(2)52-35(17-31(39)45)55-27-9-12-41(5)26(16-27)7-8-30-29(41)10-13-42(6)28(11-14-43(30,42)49)25-15-34(47)50-20-25/h15,21-23,26-33,35-40,45-46,48-49H,7-14,16-20H2,1-6H3/t21-,22-,23-,26-,27+,28-,29+,30-,31+,32+,33+,35+,36+,37+,38-,39-,40-,41+,42-,43+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=HPMZBILYSWLILX-UMDUKNJSSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cardenolide glycosides and derivatives. These are compounds containing a carbohydrate glycosidically bound to the cardenolide moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroid lactones
Direct ParentCardenolide glycosides and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Cardanolide-glycoside
  • Steroidal glycoside
  • Oligosaccharide
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Oxane
  • 2-furanone
  • Acetate salt
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated carboxylic ester
  • Enoate ester
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Dihydrofuran
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Lactone
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Cardiotonic Agents
  • Cell signaling
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.23e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP3.7Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.012 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.87ALOGPS
logP4.04ChemAxon
logS-4.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)7.18ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)0.24ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count12ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area188.9 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity200.87 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability87.95 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings8ChemAxon
Bioavailability0ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00511
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00511
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00511
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4447572
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkAcetyldigitoxin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14652
Metagene LinkHMDB14652
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5284512
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID53773
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
This is the catalytic component of the active enzyme, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP coupled with the exchange of sodium and potassium ions across the plasma membrane. This action creates the electrochemical gradient of sodium and potassium ions, providing the energy for active transport of various nutrients.
Gene Name:
ATP1A1
Uniprot ID:
P05023
Molecular weight:
112895.01
References
  1. Gonzalez-Garcia C, Cena V, Klein DC: Characterization of the alpha +-like Na+,K+-ATPase which mediates ouabain inhibition of adrenergic induction of N-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.87) activity: studies with isolated pinealocytes. Mol Pharmacol. 1987 Dec;32(6):792-7. [2826993 ]