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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:50 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:29:24 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14660
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTrandolapril
DescriptionTrandolapril is a non-sulhydryl prodrug that belongs to the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor class of medications. It is metabolized to its biologically active diacid form, trandolaprilat, in the liver. Trandolaprilat inhibits ACE, the enzyme responsible for the conversion of angiotensin I (ATI) to angiotensin II (ATII). ATII regulates blood pressure and is a key component of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). Trandolapril may be used to treat mild to moderate hypertension, to improve survival following myocardial infarction in clinically stable patients with left ventricular dysfunction, as an adjunct treatment for congestive heart failure, and to slow the rate of progression of renal disease in hypertensive individuals with diabetes mellitus and microalbuminuria or overt nephropathy.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
MavikKegg
Chemical FormulaC24H34N2O5
Average Molecular Weight430.5372
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight430.246772208
IUPAC Name(2S,3aR,7aS)-1-[(2S)-2-{[(2S)-1-ethoxy-1-oxo-4-phenylbutan-2-yl]amino}propanoyl]-octahydro-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid
Traditional Nametrandolapril
CAS Registry Number87679-37-6
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@H](N(C(=O)[C@H](C)N[C@@H](CCC3=CC=CC=C3)C(=O)OCC)[C@@]1([H])CCCC2)C(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C24H34N2O5/c1-3-31-24(30)19(14-13-17-9-5-4-6-10-17)25-16(2)22(27)26-20-12-8-7-11-18(20)15-21(26)23(28)29/h4-6,9-10,16,18-21,25H,3,7-8,11-15H2,1-2H3,(H,28,29)/t16-,18+,19-,20-,21-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=VXFJYXUZANRPDJ-WTNASJBWSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as peptides. These are compounds containing an amide derived from two or more amino carboxylic acid molecules (the same or different) by formation of a covalent bond from the carbonyl carbon of one to the nitrogen atom of another.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentPeptides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Alpha peptide
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid ester
  • Alpha-amino acid amide
  • Phenylpropylamine
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • N-substituted-alpha-amino acid
  • Indole or derivatives
  • Pyrrolidine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyrrolidine carboxylic acid
  • N-acylpyrrolidine
  • Aralkylamine
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Benzenoid
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Pyrrolidine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Carboxamide group
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Angiotensin-converting Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Antihypertensive Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point119 - 123 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.07e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP3.5Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.021 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.31ALOGPS
logP1.95ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)3.8ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)5.21ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area95.94 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count10ChemAxon
Refractivity115.79 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability46.79 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Trandolapril Metabolism PathwaySMP00599Not Available
Trandolapril PathwaySMP00157Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00519
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00519
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00519
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4588590
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTrandolapril
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14660
Metagene LinkHMDB14660
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5484727
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID521317
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Zannad F: Trandolapril. How does it differ from other angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors? Drugs. 1993;46 Suppl 2:172-81; discussion 182. [7512472 ]
  2. Wiseman LR, McTavish D: Trandolapril. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and therapeutic use in essential hypertension. Drugs. 1994 Jul;48(1):71-90. [7525196 ]
  3. Jouquey S, Stepniewski JP, Hamon G: Trandolapril dose-response in spontaneously hypertensive rats: effects on ACE activity, blood pressure, and cardiac hypertrophy. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1994;23 Suppl 4:S16-8. [7527096 ]
  4. Conen H, Brunner HR: Pharmacologic profile of trandolapril, a new angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Am Heart J. 1993 May;125(5 Pt 2):1525-31. [8480624 ]
  5. Sanbe A, Tanonaka K, Kobayasi R, Takeo S: Effects of long-term therapy with ACE inhibitors, captopril, enalapril and trandolapril, on myocardial energy metabolism in rats with heart failure following myocardial infarction. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 1995 Oct;27(10):2209-22. [8576937 ]
  6. Trandolapril: an ACE inhibitor for treatment of hypertension. Med Lett Drugs Ther. 1996 Nov 22;38(988):104-5. [8941256 ]
  7. Torp-Pedersen C, Kober L: Effect of ACE inhibitor trandolapril on life expectancy of patients with reduced left-ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction. TRACE Study Group. Trandolapril Cardiac Evaluation. Lancet. 1999 Jul 3;354(9172):9-12. [10406358 ]
  8. Guay DR: Trandolapril: a newer angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor. Clin Ther. 2003 Mar;25(3):713-75. [12852701 ]
  9. Reynolds NA, Wagstaff AJ, Keam SJ: Trandolapril/verapamil sustained release: a review of its use in the treatment of essential hypertension. Drugs. 2005;65(13):1893-914. [16114984 ]
  10. Rubio-Guerra AF, Vargas-Robles H, Vargas-Ayala G, Rodriguez-Lopez L, Escalante-Acosta BA: The effect of trandolapril and its fixed-dose combination with verapamil on circulating adhesion molecules levels in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes. Clin Exp Hypertens. 2008 Oct;30(7):682-8. doi: 10.1080/10641960802251941. [18855271 ]
  11. Berl T: Review: renal protection by inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. J Renin Angiotensin Aldosterone Syst. 2009 Mar;10(1):1-8. doi: 10.1177/1470320309102747. [19286752 ]
  12. Diaz A, Ducharme A: Update on the use of trandolapril in the management of cardiovascular disorders. Vasc Health Risk Manag. 2008;4(6):1147-58. [19337528 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in metallopeptidase activity
Specific function:
Converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II by release of the terminal His-Leu, this results in an increase of the vasoconstrictor activity of angiotensin. Also able to inactivate bradykinin, a potent vasodilator. Has also a glycosidase activity which releases GPI-anchored proteins from the membrane by cleaving the mannose linkage in the GPI moiety
Gene Name:
ACE
Uniprot ID:
P12821
Molecular weight:
149713.7
References
  1. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  2. Piepho RW: Overview of the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2000 Oct 1;57 Suppl 1:S3-7. [11030016 ]
  3. Song JC, White CM: Clinical pharmacokinetics and selective pharmacodynamics of new angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors: an update. Clin Pharmacokinet. 2002;41(3):207-24. [11929321 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Proton-coupled intake of oligopeptides of 2 to 4 amino acids with a preference for dipeptides. May constitute a major route for the absorption of protein digestion end-products
Gene Name:
SLC15A1
Uniprot ID:
P46059
Molecular weight:
78805.3
References
  1. Knutter I, Wollesky C, Kottra G, Hahn MG, Fischer W, Zebisch K, Neubert RH, Daniel H, Brandsch M: Transport of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors by H+/peptide transporters revisited. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008 Nov;327(2):432-41. Epub 2008 Aug 19. [18713951 ]
General function:
Involved in transporter activity
Specific function:
Proton-coupled intake of oligopeptides of 2 to 4 amino acids with a preference for dipeptides
Gene Name:
SLC15A2
Uniprot ID:
Q16348
Molecular weight:
81782.8
References
  1. Knutter I, Wollesky C, Kottra G, Hahn MG, Fischer W, Zebisch K, Neubert RH, Daniel H, Brandsch M: Transport of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors by H+/peptide transporters revisited. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2008 Nov;327(2):432-41. Epub 2008 Aug 19. [18713951 ]