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Record Information
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:50 UTC
Update Date2017-08-17 17:39:46 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB14845
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePorfimer
DescriptionThe purified component of hematoporphyrin derivative, it consists of a mixture of oligomeric porphyrins. It is used in photodynamic therapy (hematoporphyrin photoradiation); to treat malignant lesions with visible light and experimentally as an antiviral agent. It is the first drug to be approved in the use of photodynamic therapy in the United States. [PubChem]
Dihematoporphyrin etherHMDB
Chemical FormulaC99H110N12O13
Average Molecular Weight1676.0053
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1674.831531666
IUPAC Name3-{14-[1-({3-[14-(1-{1-[10,14-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5,9,15,19,20-pentamethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-3,5,7,9,11(23),12,14,16,18(21),19-decaen-4-yl]ethoxy}ethyl)-20-(2-carboxyethyl)-5,9,10,15,19-pentamethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(21),2,4,6,8(23),9,13,15,17,19-decaen-4-yl]propanoyl}oxy)ethyl]-20-(2-carboxyethyl)-5,9,10,15,19-pentamethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(21),2,4,6,8(23),9,13,15,17,19-decaen-4-yl}propanoic acid
Traditional Name3-{14-[1-({3-[14-(1-{1-[10,14-bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5,9,15,19,20-pentamethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-3,5,7,9,11(23),12,14,16,18(21),19-decaen-4-yl]ethoxy}ethyl)-20-(2-carboxyethyl)-5,9,10,15,19-pentamethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(21),2,4,6,8(23),9,13,15,17,19-decaen-4-yl]propanoyl}oxy)ethyl]-20-(2-carboxyethyl)-5,9,10,15,19-pentamethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(21),2,4,6,8(23),9,13,15,17,19-decaen-4-yl}propanoic acid
CAS Registry Number87806-31-3
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as porphyrins. These are compounds containing a fundamental skeleton of four pyrrole nuclei united through the alpha-positions by four methine groups to form a macrocyclic structure.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassTetrapyrroles and derivatives
Sub ClassPorphyrins
Direct ParentPorphyrins
Alternative Parents
  • Porphyrin
  • Hexacarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Dipyrrin
  • Fatty acid ester
  • Substituted pyrrole
  • Fatty acyl
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Pyrrole
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Ketimine
  • Azacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Ether
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Imine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
StatusExpected but not Quantified
  • Food
  • Nutrient
ApplicationNot Available
Cellular locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP2.8Not Available
Predicted Properties
Hydrogen Acceptor Count21ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count11ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area379.65 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count25ChemAxon
Refractivity496.6 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability199.95 Å3ChemAxon
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane (predicted from logP)
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00707 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00707 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00707
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider IDNot Available
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPorfimer
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB0014845
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem CompoundNot Available
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID60652
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available


General function:
Involved in calcium ion binding
Specific function:
Binds LDL, the major cholesterol-carrying lipoprotein of plasma, and transports it into cells by endocytosis. In order to be internalized, the receptor-ligand complexes must first cluster into clathrin-coated pits. In case of HIV-1 infection, functions as a receptor for extracellular Tat in neurons, mediating its internalization in uninfected cells
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
  1. Korbelik M: Low density lipoprotein receptor pathway in the delivery of Photofrin: how much is it relevant for selective accumulation of the photosensitizer in tumors? J Photochem Photobiol B. 1992 Jan;12(1):107-9. [PubMed:1531856 ]
  2. Tsukagoshi S: [Porfimer sodium (Photofrin-II)]. Gan To Kagaku Ryoho. 1995 Aug;22(9):1271-8. [PubMed:7661580 ]
  3. Maziere JC, Mora L, Biade S, Maziere C, Santus R: [Potentiation of the photocytotoxic effect of photofrin II: synergistic action of verapamil and lovastatin]. Bull Acad Natl Med. 1994 Jun;178(6):1177-88; discussion 1188-9. [PubMed:7994588 ]
  4. Candide C, Morliere P, Maziere JC, Goldstein S, Santus R, Dubertret L, Reyftmann JP, Polonovski J: In vitro interaction of the photoactive anticancer porphyrin derivative photofrin II with low density lipoprotein, and its delivery to cultured human fibroblasts. FEBS Lett. 1986 Oct 20;207(1):133-8. [PubMed:2945739 ]
  5. Maziere JC, Morliere P, Biade S, Santus R: [Antitumor photochemotherapy: biochemical bases, therapeutic uses and perspectives]. C R Seances Soc Biol Fil. 1992;186(1-2):88-106. [PubMed:1450993 ]