You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:50 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:30:40 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14937
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTazarotene
DescriptionTazarotene is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a prescription topical retinoid sold as a cream or gel. This medication is approved for treatment of psoriasis, acne, and sun damaged skin (photodamage). [Wikipedia]Although the exact mechanism of tazarotene action is not known, studies have shown that the active form of the drug (tazarotenic acid) binds to all three members of the retinoic acid receptor (RAR) family: RARa, RARb, and RARg, but shows relative selectivity for RARb, and RARg and may modify gene expression. It also has affinity for RXR receptors.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
AvageChEBI
TazarotenoChEBI
TazarotenumChEBI
TazoracChEBI
ZoracChEBI
Chemical FormulaC21H21NO2S
Average Molecular Weight351.462
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight351.129299611
IUPAC Nameethyl 6-[2-(4,4-dimethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-1-benzothiopyran-6-yl)ethynyl]pyridine-3-carboxylate
Traditional Nametazarotene
CAS Registry Number118292-40-3
SMILES
CCOC(=O)C1=CN=C(C=C1)C#CC1=CC2=C(SCCC2(C)C)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C21H21NO2S/c1-4-24-20(23)16-7-9-17(22-14-16)8-5-15-6-10-19-18(13-15)21(2,3)11-12-25-19/h6-7,9-10,13-14H,4,11-12H2,1-3H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=OGQICQVSFDPSEI-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as retinoids. These are oxygenated derivatives of 3,7-dimethyl-1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)nona-1,3,5,7-tetraene and derivatives thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassRetinoids
Direct ParentRetinoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Tazarotene
  • Thiochromane
  • Pyridine carboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Pyridine carboxylic acid
  • Alkylarylthioether
  • Benzenoid
  • Thiopyran
  • Pyridine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Thioether
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Keratolytic Agents
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Prodrugs
  • Teratogens
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility7.50e-04 g/LNot Available
LogP5.6Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.00075 mg/mLALOGPS
logP5.15ALOGPS
logP5.22ChemAxon
logS-5.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)1.23ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area39.19 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count5ChemAxon
Refractivity97.88 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.31 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings3ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00799
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00799
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00799
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5188
KEGG Compound IDC12531
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTazarotene
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14937
Metagene LinkHMDB14937
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5381
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID32184
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. In the epoxidation of arachidonic acid it generates only 14,15- and 11,12-cis-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids. It is the principal enzyme responsible for the metabolism the anti-cancer drug paclitaxel (taxol).
Gene Name:
CYP2C8
Uniprot ID:
P10632
Molecular weight:
55824.275
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
This is a receptor for retinoic acid. This metabolite has profound effects on vertebrate development. Retinoic acid is a morphogen and is a powerful teratogen. This receptor controls cell function by directly regulating gene expression
Gene Name:
RARG
Uniprot ID:
P13631
Molecular weight:
50341.4
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [10592235 ]
  4. Arechalde A, Saurat JH: Management of psoriasis: the position of retinoid drugs. BioDrugs. 2000 May;13(5):327-33. [18034539 ]
  5. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
This is a receptor for retinoic acid. Retinoic acid has profound effects on vertebrate development, is a morphogen and is a powerful teratogen. This receptor controls cell function by directly regulating gene expression. Regulates expression of target genes in a ligand-dependent manner by recruiting chromatin complexes containing MLL5. Mediates retinoic acid-induced granulopoiesis
Gene Name:
RARA
Uniprot ID:
P10276
Molecular weight:
50770.8
References
  1. Baumann L, Vujevich J, Halem M, Martin LK, Kerdel F, Lazarus M, Pacheco H, Black L, Bryde J: Open-label pilot study of alitretinoin gel 0.1% in the treatment of photoaging. Cutis. 2005 Jul;76(1):69-73. [16144296 ]
  2. Chandraratna RA: Tazarotene--first of a new generation of receptor-selective retinoids. Br J Dermatol. 1996 Oct;135 Suppl 49:18-25. [9035701 ]
  3. Yen A, Fenning R, Chandraratna R, Walker P, Varvayanis S: A retinoic acid receptor beta/gamma-selective prodrug (tazarotene) plus a retinoid X receptor ligand induces extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation, retinoblastoma hypophosphorylation, G0 arrest, and cell differentiation. Mol Pharmacol. 2004 Dec;66(6):1727-37. Epub 2004 Sep 21. [15383624 ]
  4. Meder W, Wendland M, Busmann A, Kutzleb C, Spodsberg N, John H, Richter R, Schleuder D, Meyer M, Forssmann WG: Characterization of human circulating TIG2 as a ligand for the orphan receptor ChemR23. FEBS Lett. 2003 Dec 18;555(3):495-9. [14675762 ]
  5. Wang Q, Lee D, Sysounthone V, Chandraratna RAS, Christakos S, Korah R, Wieder R: 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 and retonic acid analogues induce differentiation in breast cancer cells with function- and cell-specific additive effects. Breast Cancer Res Treat. 2001 May;67(2):157-68. [11519864 ]
  6. Nagpal S, Chandraratna RA: Recent developments in receptor-selective retinoids. Curr Pharm Des. 2000 Jun;6(9):919-31. [10828316 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
This is a receptor for retinoic acid. This metabolite has profound effects on vertebrate development. Retinoic acid is a morphogen and is a powerful teratogen. This receptor controls cell function by directly regulating gene expression
Gene Name:
RARB
Uniprot ID:
P10826
Molecular weight:
50488.6
References
  1. Jones PH, Burnett RD, Fainaru I, Nadolny P, Walker P, Yu Z, Tang-Liu D, Ganesan TS, Talbot DC, Harris AL, Rustin GJ: A phase 1 study of tazarotene in adults with advanced cancer. Br J Cancer. 2003 Sep 1;89(5):808-15. [12942109 ]
  2. Orlandi A, Bianchi L, Costanzo A, Campione E, Giusto Spagnoli L, Chimenti S: Evidence of increased apoptosis and reduced proliferation in basal cell carcinomas treated with tazarotene. J Invest Dermatol. 2004 Apr;122(4):1037-41. [15102095 ]
  3. Chandraratna RA: Tazarotene--first of a new generation of receptor-selective retinoids. Br J Dermatol. 1996 Oct;135 Suppl 49:18-25. [9035701 ]
  4. Arechalde A, Saurat JH: Management of psoriasis: the position of retinoid drugs. BioDrugs. 2000 May;13(5):327-33. [18034539 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. Involved in the retinoic acid response pathway. Binds 9-cis retinoic acid (9C-RA)
Gene Name:
RXRB
Uniprot ID:
P28702
Molecular weight:
56921.4
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Nagpal S, Chandraratna RA: Recent developments in receptor-selective retinoids. Curr Pharm Des. 2000 Jun;6(9):919-31. [10828316 ]