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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:50 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:30:45 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14958
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameTadalafil
DescriptionTadalafil is an orally adminstered drug used to treat male erectile dysfunction (impotence). It is marketed worldwide under the brand name Cialis. It is a phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) inhibitor. Tadalafil's distinguishing pharmacologic feature is its longer half-life (17.5 hours) compared with Viagra and Levitra (4-5 hours). This longer half-life results in a longer duration of action and is, in part, responsible for the Cialis nickname of the 'weekend pill.' This longer half-life also is the basis of current investigation for tadalafil's use in pulmonary arterial hypertension as a once-daily therapy. [Wikipedia]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(6R,12AR)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydro-2-methyl-6-(3,4-(methylenedioxy)phenyl) pyrazino(1',2':1,6)pyrido(3,4-b)indole-1,4-dioneChEBI
(6R-trans)-6-(1,3-Benzodioxol-5-yl)-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydro-2-methyl-pyrazino(1',2':1,6)pyrido(3,4-b)indole-1,4-dioneChEBI
6-benzo[1,3]DIOXOL-5-yl-2-methyl-2,3,6,7,12,12a-hexahydro-pyrazino[1',2':1,6]pyrido[3,4-b]indole-1,4-dioneChEBI
AdcircaChEBI
CialisChEBI
ICOS 351HMDB
TadanafilHMDB
Chemical FormulaC22H19N3O4
Average Molecular Weight389.404
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight389.137556111
IUPAC Name(2R,8R)-2-(2H-1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-6-methyl-3,6,17-triazatetracyclo[8.7.0.0³,⁸.0¹¹,¹⁶]heptadeca-1(10),11,13,15-tetraene-4,7-dione
Traditional Nametadalafil
CAS Registry Number171596-29-5
SMILES
[H][C@]12CC3=C(NC4=CC=CC=C34)[C@H](N1C(=O)CN(C)C2=O)C1=CC2=C(OCO2)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C22H19N3O4/c1-24-10-19(26)25-16(22(24)27)9-14-13-4-2-3-5-15(13)23-20(14)21(25)12-6-7-17-18(8-12)29-11-28-17/h2-8,16,21,23H,9-11H2,1H3/t16-,21-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=WOXKDUGGOYFFRN-IIBYNOLFSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as beta carbolines. These are compounds containing a 9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indole moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassIndoles and derivatives
Sub ClassPyridoindoles
Direct ParentBeta carbolines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Beta-carboline
  • Indole
  • Benzodioxole
  • 2,5-dioxopiperazine
  • Dioxopiperazine
  • N-alkylpiperazine
  • N-methylpiperazine
  • Benzenoid
  • Piperazine
  • 1,4-diazinane
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Tertiary carboxylic acid amide
  • Pyrrole
  • Tertiary amine
  • Lactam
  • Carboxamide group
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Acetal
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors
  • Vasodilator Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point301 - 302 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.50e-01 g/LNot Available
LogP1.7Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.25 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.36ALOGPS
logP1.64ChemAxon
logS-3.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.17ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.2ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area74.87 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity104.08 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.92 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings6ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00820
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00820
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00820
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID99301
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkTadalafil
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14958
Metagene LinkHMDB14958
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound110635
PDB IDCIA
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Guazzi M, Samaja M: The role of PDE5-inhibitors in cardiopulmonary disorders: from basic evidence to clinical development. Curr Med Chem. 2007;14(20):2181-91. [17691956 ]
  2. Naeije R, Huez S: Expert opinion on available options treating pulmonary arterial hypertension. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2007 Oct;8(14):2247-65. [17927481 ]
  3. Burnett AL: Molecular pharmacotherapeutic targeting of PDE5 for preservation of penile health. J Androl. 2008 Jan-Feb;29(1):3-14. Epub 2007 Oct 17. [17942972 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in signal transduction by regulating the intracellular concentration of cyclic nucleotides. This phosphodiesterase catalyzes the specific hydrolysis of cGMP to 5'-GMP.
Gene Name:
PDE5A
Uniprot ID:
O76074
Molecular weight:
99984.14
References
  1. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
  2. Curran M, Keating G: Tadalafil. Drugs. 2003;63(20):2203-12; discussion 2213-4. [14498756 ]
  3. Eardley I, Cartledge J: Tadalafil (Cialis) for men with erectile dysfunction. Int J Clin Pract. 2002 May;56(4):300-4. [12074215 ]
  4. Montorsi F, Salonia A, Deho' F, Cestari A, Guazzoni G, Rigatti P, Stief C: Pharmacological management of erectile dysfunction. BJU Int. 2003 Mar;91(5):446-54. [12603396 ]
  5. Rotella DP: Tadalafil Lilly ICOS. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2003 Jan;4(1):60-5. [12625031 ]
  6. Roumeguere T, Sternon J, Schulman CC: [Erectile dysfunction and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors]. Rev Med Brux. 2003 Jun;24(3):169-75. [12891884 ]
  7. Zoraghi R, Francis SH, Corbin JD: Critical amino acids in phosphodiesterase-5 catalytic site that provide for high-affinity interaction with cyclic guanosine monophosphate and inhibitors. Biochemistry. 2007 Nov 27;46(47):13554-63. Epub 2007 Nov 3. [17979301 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Plays a role in signal transduction by regulating the intracellular concentration of cyclic nucleotides cAMP and cGMP. Catalyzes the hydrolysis of both cAMP and cGMP to 5'-AMP and 5'-GMP, respectively.
Gene Name:
PDE11A
Uniprot ID:
Q9HCR9
Molecular weight:
55699.16
References
  1. Weeks JL 2nd, Corbin JD, Francis SH: Interactions between cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase 11 catalytic site and substrates or tadalafil and role of a critical Gln-869 hydrogen bond. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2009 Oct;331(1):133-41. Epub 2009 Jul 29. [19641165 ]
  2. Weeks JL 2nd, Zoraghi R, Francis SH, Corbin JD: N-Terminal domain of phosphodiesterase-11A4 (PDE11A4) decreases affinity of the catalytic site for substrates and tadalafil, and is involved in oligomerization. Biochemistry. 2007 Sep 11;46(36):10353-64. Epub 2007 Aug 16. [17696499 ]