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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:50 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:30:48 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB14968
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NamePhenmetrazine
DescriptionPhenmetrazine is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a sympathomimetic drug used primarily as an appetite depressant. Its actions and mechanisms are similar to dextroamphetamine. [PubChem]Phenmetrazine is thought to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and dopamine into the presynaptic neuron leading to an increase in the release of these monoamines into the extraneuronal space. Dopamine integrates incoming sensory stimuli, initiates and controls fine movement (nigro-neostriatal pathway), controls emotional behavior (midbrain mesolimbic-forebrain system) and controls hypothalamic-pituitary endocrine system (tubero-infundibular system). It is this latter effect on the tubero-infundibular systm that seems to lead to reduced food intake. Phenmetrazine also acts as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
2-Phenyl-3-methylmorpholineChEBI
3-Methyl-2-phenylmorpholineHMDB
DefenmetrazinHMDB
DexphenmetrazineHMDB
FenmetrazinHMDB
OxazimedrineHMDB
USAF ge-1HMDB
Chemical FormulaC11H15NO
Average Molecular Weight177.2429
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight177.115364107
IUPAC Name3-methyl-2-phenylmorpholine
Traditional Namephenmetrazine
CAS Registry Number134-49-6
SMILES
CC1NCCOC1C1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C11H15NO/c1-9-11(13-8-7-12-9)10-5-3-2-4-6-10/h2-6,9,11-12H,7-8H2,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=OOBHFESNSZDWIU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylmorpholines. These are aromatic compounds containing a morpholine ring and a benzene ring linked to each other through a CC or a CN bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassOxazinanes
Sub ClassMorpholines
Direct ParentPhenylmorpholines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylmorpholine
  • Aralkylamine
  • Benzenoid
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Secondary amine
  • Ether
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
  • Drug metabolite
Biofunction
  • Appetite Depressants
  • Central Nervous System Agents
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Sympathomimetics
  • Waste products
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point139 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.44e+00 g/LNot Available
LogP1.7Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility2.44 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.45ALOGPS
logP1.79ChemAxon
logS-1.9ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.22ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area21.26 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity52.47 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability20.1 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-05fu-9000000000-391e092b81a9d4597b70View in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue Location
  • Kidney
  • Liver
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00830
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00830
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-6 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-3 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00830
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00626
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4598
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkPhenmetrazine
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB14968
Metagene LinkHMDB14968
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound4762
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID775159
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
Amine transporter. Terminates the action of dopamine by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.
Gene Name:
SLC6A3
Uniprot ID:
Q01959
Molecular weight:
68494.255
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Rothman RB, Katsnelson M, Vu N, Partilla JS, Dersch CM, Blough BE, Baumann MH: Interaction of the anorectic medication, phendimetrazine, and its metabolites with monoamine transporters in rat brain. Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 Jun 28;447(1):51-7. [12106802 ]
  4. Rothman RB, Baumann MH: Therapeutic potential of monoamine transporter substrates. Curr Top Med Chem. 2006;6(17):1845-59. [17017961 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in neurotransmitter:sodium symporter activity
Specific function:
Amine transporter. Terminates the action of noradrenaline by its high affinity sodium-dependent reuptake into presynaptic terminals.
Gene Name:
SLC6A2
Uniprot ID:
P23975
Molecular weight:
69331.42
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Rothman RB, Katsnelson M, Vu N, Partilla JS, Dersch CM, Blough BE, Baumann MH: Interaction of the anorectic medication, phendimetrazine, and its metabolites with monoamine transporters in rat brain. Eur J Pharmacol. 2002 Jun 28;447(1):51-7. [12106802 ]
  4. Rothman RB, Baumann MH: Therapeutic potential of monoamine transporter substrates. Curr Top Med Chem. 2006;6(17):1845-59. [17017961 ]