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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:12 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15039
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameEthacrynic acid
DescriptionA compound that inhibits symport of sodium, potassium, and chloride primarily in the ascending limb of Henle, but also in the proximal and distal tubules. This pharmacological action results in excretion of these ions, increased urinary output, and reduction in extracellular fluid. This compound has been classified as a loop or high ceiling diuretic. [PubChem]
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2,3-dichloro-4-(2-Methylene-1-oxobutyl)phenoxy)acetic acidChEBI
Acide etacryniqueChEBI
acido EtacrinicoChEBI
Acidum etacrynicumChEBI
CrinurylChEBI
EdecrilChEBI
EdecrinaChEBI
EndecrilChEBI
Etacrinic acidChEBI
EthacrynateChEBI
Ethacrynic acidChEBI
HidromedinChEBI
HydromedinChEBI
Methylenebutyrylphenoxyacetic acidChEBI
MingitChEBI
OtacrilChEBI
ReomaxChEBI
TaladrenChEBI
UregitChEBI
(2,3-dichloro-4-(2-Methylene-1-oxobutyl)phenoxy)acetateGenerator
EtacrynateGenerator
EtacrinateGenerator
MethylenebutyrylphenoxyacetateGenerator
Etakrinic acidHMDB
Ethacryinic acidHMDB
Chemical FormulaC13H12Cl2O4
Average Molecular Weight303.138
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight302.011264286
IUPAC Name2-[2,3-dichloro-4-(2-methylidenebutanoyl)phenoxy]acetic acid
Traditional Nameethacrynic acid
CAS Registry Number58-54-8
SMILES
CCC(=C)C(=O)C1=C(Cl)C(Cl)=C(OCC(O)=O)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C13H12Cl2O4/c1-3-7(2)13(18)8-4-5-9(12(15)11(8)14)19-6-10(16)17/h4-5H,2-3,6H2,1H3,(H,16,17)
InChI KeyInChIKey=AVOLMBLBETYQHX-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenoxyacetic acid derivatives. These are compounds containing an anisole where the methane group is linked to an acetic acid or a derivative.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassPhenoxyacetic acid derivatives
Direct ParentPhenoxyacetic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenoxyacetate
  • Butyrophenone
  • Phenylpropene
  • Acetophenone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Phenol ether
  • 1,2-dichlorobenzene
  • Benzoyl
  • Halobenzene
  • Chlorobenzene
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Alpha-branched alpha,beta-unsaturated-ketone
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl chloride
  • Vinylogous halide
  • Alpha,beta-unsaturated ketone
  • Enone
  • Acryloyl-group
  • Ketone
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organochloride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Diuretics
  • Enzyme Inhibitors
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point122.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.94e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP3.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.019 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.42ALOGPS
logP3.66ChemAxon
logS-4.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)2.8ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area63.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count6ChemAxon
Refractivity72.22 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability28.57 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Ethacrynic Acid pathwaySMP00097Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00903
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00903
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00903
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID3163
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkEthacrynic_acid
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15039
Metagene LinkHMDB15039
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound3278
PDB IDEAA
ChEBI ID4876
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in glutathione transferase activity
Specific function:
Conjugation of reduced glutathione to a wide number of exogenous and endogenous hydrophobic electrophiles.
Gene Name:
GSTA2
Uniprot ID:
P09210
Molecular weight:
25663.675
References
  1. Depeille P, Cuq P, Passagne I, Evrard A, Vian L: Combined effects of GSTP1 and MRP1 in melanoma drug resistance. Br J Cancer. 2005 Jul 25;93(2):216-23. [15999103 ]
  2. Awasthi S, Srivastava SK, Ahmad F, Ahmad H, Ansari GA: Interactions of glutathione S-transferase-pi with ethacrynic acid and its glutathione conjugate. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1993 Jul 10;1164(2):173-8. [8329448 ]
  3. Iersel ML, Ploemen JP, Struik I, van Amersfoort C, Keyzer AE, Schefferlie JG, van Bladeren PJ: Inhibition of glutathione S-transferase activity in human melanoma cells by alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl derivatives. Effects of acrolein, cinnamaldehyde, citral, crotonaldehyde, curcumin, ethacrynic acid, and trans-2-hexenal. Chem Biol Interact. 1996 Oct 21;102(2):117-32. [8950226 ]
  4. van Iersel ML, Ploemen JP, Lo Bello M, Federici G, van Bladeren PJ: Interactions of alpha, beta-unsaturated aldehydes and ketones with human glutathione S-transferase P1-1. Chem Biol Interact. 1997 Dec 12;108(1-2):67-78. [9463521 ]
  5. Morrow CS, Smitherman PK, Townsend AJ: Combined expression of multidrug resistance protein (MRP) and glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) in MCF7 cells and high level resistance to the cytotoxicities of ethacrynic acid but not oxazaphosphorines or cisplatin. Biochem Pharmacol. 1998 Oct 15;56(8):1013-21. [9776312 ]
General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
This is the catalytic component of the active enzyme, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP coupled with the exchange of sodium and potassium ions across the plasma membrane. This action creates the electrochemical gradient of sodium and potassium ions, providing the energy for active transport of various nutrients.
Gene Name:
ATP1A1
Uniprot ID:
P05023
Molecular weight:
112895.01
References
  1. Ronquist G, Agren GK: A Mg2+- and Ca2+-stimulated adenosine triphosphatase at the outer surface of Ehrlich ascites tumor cells. Cancer Res. 1975 Jun;35(6):1402-6. [124205 ]
  2. Proverbio F, Condrescu-Guidi M, Whittembury G: Ouabain-insensitive Na+ stimulation of an Mg-2+ -dependent ATPase in kidney tissue. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1975 Jun 25;394(2):281-92. [124600 ]
  3. Valdes RM, Huff MO, El-Masri MA, El-Mallakh RS: Effect of ethacrynic acid on sodium pump alpha isoforms in SH-SY5Y cells. Bipolar Disord. 2003 Apr;5(2):123-8. [12680902 ]
  4. Kiil F, Sejersted OM: Analysis of energy metabolism and mechanism of loop diuretics in the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop in dog kidneys. Acta Physiol Scand. 2003 May;178(1):73-82. [12713517 ]
  5. Schurek HJ, Aulbert E, Ebel H, Muller-Suur C: Influence of ouabain and ethacrynic acid on sodium transport and NaK-ATPase activity in the isolated perfused rat kidney. Curr Probl Clin Biochem. 1975;4:162-8. [127690 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in transport
Specific function:
Electrically silent transporter system. Mediates sodium and chloride reabsorption. Plays a vital role in the regulation of ionic balance and cell volume
Gene Name:
SLC12A1
Uniprot ID:
Q13621
Molecular weight:
121449.1
References
  1. Bowes TJ, Gupta RS: Induction of mitochondrial fusion by cysteine-alkylators ethacrynic acid and N-ethylmaleimide. J Cell Physiol. 2005 Mar;202(3):796-804. [15389563 ]
  2. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in ion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Involved in the renal elimination of endogenous and exogenous organic anions. Functions as organic anion exchanger when the uptake of one molecule of organic anion is coupled with an efflux of one molecule of endogenous dicarboxylic acid (glutarate, ketoglutarate, etc). Mediates the sodium-independent uptake of 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanesulfonic acid (DMPS). Mediates the sodium-independent uptake of p- aminohippurate (PAH), ochratoxin (OTA), acyclovir (ACV), 3'-azido- 3-'deoxythymidine (AZT), cimetidine (CMD), 2,4-dichloro- phenoxyacetate (2,4-D), hippurate (HA), indoleacetate (IA), indoxyl sulfate (IS) and 3-carboxy-4-methyl-5-propyl-2- furanpropionate (CMPF), cidofovir, adefovir, 9-(2- phosphonylmethoxyethyl) guanine (PMEG), 9-(2- phosphonylmethoxyethyl) diaminopurine (PMEDAP) and edaravone sulfate. PAH uptake is inhibited by p- chloromercuribenzenesulphonate (PCMBS), diethyl pyrocarbonate (DEPC), sulindac, diclofenac, carprofen, glutarate and okadaic acid. PAH uptake is inhibited by benzothiazolylcysteine (BTC), S-chlorotrifluoroethylcysteine (CTFC), cysteine S-conjugates S-dichlorovinylcysteine (DCVC), furosemide, steviol, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), calcium ionophore A23187, benzylpenicillin, furosemide, indomethacin, bumetamide, losartan, probenecid, phenol red, urate, and alpha-ketoglutarate
Gene Name:
SLC22A6
Uniprot ID:
Q4U2R8
Molecular weight:
61815.8
References
  1. Sekine T, Watanabe N, Hosoyamada M, Kanai Y, Endou H: Expression cloning and characterization of a novel multispecific organic anion transporter. J Biol Chem. 1997 Jul 25;272(30):18526-9. [9228014 ]