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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:12 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15041
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBimatoprost
DescriptionBimatoprost ophthalmic solution is a topical medication used for controlling the progression of glaucoma or ocular hypertension, by reducing intraocular pressure. It is a prostaglandin analogue that works by increasing the outflow of aqueous fluid from the eyes. It binds to the prostanoid FP receptor.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(Z)-7-((1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-Dihydroxy-2-((1E,3S)-3-hydroxy-5-phenyl-1-pentenyl)cyclopentyl)-N-ethyl-5-heptenamideChEBI
BimatoprostumChEBI
AGN 192024HMDB
Chemical FormulaC25H37NO4
Average Molecular Weight415.5656
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight415.272258677
IUPAC Name(5Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(1E,3S)-3-hydroxy-5-phenylpent-1-en-1-yl]cyclopentyl]-N-ethylhept-5-enamide
Traditional Namebimatoprost
CAS Registry Number155206-00-1
SMILES
CCNC(=O)CCC\C=C/C[C@H]1[C@@H](O)C[C@@H](O)[C@@H]1\C=C\[C@@H](O)CCC1=CC=CC=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C25H37NO4/c1-2-26-25(30)13-9-4-3-8-12-21-22(24(29)18-23(21)28)17-16-20(27)15-14-19-10-6-5-7-11-19/h3,5-8,10-11,16-17,20-24,27-29H,2,4,9,12-15,18H2,1H3,(H,26,30)/b8-3-,17-16+/t20-,21+,22+,23-,24+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=AQOKCDNYWBIDND-FTOWTWDKSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Benzenoid
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty amide
  • Cyclopentanol
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid amide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antiglaucomic Agents
  • Antihypertensive Agents
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.87e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP3.2Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.019 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.41ALOGPS
logP2.63ChemAxon
logS-4.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)14.35ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-0.23ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count4ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area89.79 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count12ChemAxon
Refractivity122.83 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability48.99 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00905
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00905
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00905
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4470565
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkBimatoprost
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15041
Metagene LinkHMDB15041
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5311027
PDB ID15M
ChEBI ID51230
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Lim KS, Nau CB, O'Byrne MM, Hodge DO, Toris CB, McLaren JW, Johnson DH: Mechanism of action of bimatoprost, latanoprost, and travoprost in healthy subjects. A crossover study. Ophthalmology. 2008 May;115(5):790-795.e4. [18452763 ]
  2. Woodward DF, Krauss AH, Chen J, Lai RK, Spada CS, Burk RM, Andrews SW, Shi L, Liang Y, Kedzie KM, Chen R, Gil DW, Kharlamb A, Archeampong A, Ling J, Madhu C, Ni J, Rix P, Usansky J, Usansky H, Weber A, Welty D, Yang W, Tang-Liu DD, Garst ME, Brar B, Wheeler LA, Kaplan LJ: The pharmacology of bimatoprost (Lumigan). Surv Ophthalmol. 2001 May;45 Suppl 4:S337-45. [11434936 ]
  3. Brubaker RF: Mechanism of action of bimatoprost (Lumigan). Surv Ophthalmol. 2001 May;45 Suppl 4:S347-51. [11434937 ]
  4. Easthope SE, Perry CM: Topical bimatoprost: a review of its use in open-angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Drugs Aging. 2002;19(3):231-48. [12027782 ]
  5. Christiansen GA, Nau CB, McLaren JW, Johnson DH: Mechanism of ocular hypotensive action of bimatoprost (Lumigan) in patients with ocular hypertension or glaucoma. Ophthalmology. 2004 Sep;111(9):1658-62. [15350319 ]
  6. Steinhauser SL: Decreased high-density lipoprotein serum levels associated with topical bimatoprost therapy. Optometry. 2006 Apr;77(4):177-9. [16567279 ]
  7. Kruse P, Rieck P, Sherif Z, Liekfeld A: [Cystoid macular edema in a pseudophakic patient after several glaucoma procedures. Is local therapy with bimatoprost the reason?]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2006 Jun;223(6):534-7. [16804825 ]
  8. Chen MJ, Cheng CY, Chen YC, Chou CK, Hsu WM: Effects of bimatoprost 0.03% on ocular hemodynamics in normal tension glaucoma. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2006 Jun;22(3):188-93. [16808680 ]
  9. Patil AJ, Vajaranant TS, Edward DP: Bimatoprost - a review. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009 Nov;10(16):2759-68. doi: 10.1517/14656560903292649. [19874254 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the conversion of aldehydes and ketones to alcohols. Catalyzes the reduction of prostaglandin (PG) D2, PGH2 and phenanthrenequinone (PQ) and the oxidation of 9-alpha,11-beta-PGF2 to PGD2. Functions as a bi-directional 3-alpha-, 17-beta- and 20-alpha HSD. Can interconvert active androgens, estrogens and progestins with their cognate inactive metabolites. Preferentially transforms androstenedione (4-dione) to testosterone.
Gene Name:
AKR1C3
Uniprot ID:
P42330
Molecular weight:
36866.91
References
  1. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. [10592235 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for prostaglandin F2-alpha (PGF2-alpha). The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Initiates luteolysis in the corpus luteum
Gene Name:
PTGFR
Uniprot ID:
P43088
Molecular weight:
40054.1
References
  1. Sharif NA, Williams GW, Kelly CR: Bimatoprost and its free acid are prostaglandin FP receptor agonists. Eur J Pharmacol. 2001 Dec 7;432(2-3):211-3. [11740958 ]
  2. Sharif NA, Kelly CR, Crider JY: Agonist activity of bimatoprost, travoprost, latanoprost, unoprostone isopropyl ester and other prostaglandin analogs at the cloned human ciliary body FP prostaglandin receptor. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2002 Aug;18(4):313-24. [12222762 ]
  3. Sharif NA, Kelly CR, Crider JY, Williams GW, Xu SX: Ocular hypotensive FP prostaglandin (PG) analogs: PG receptor subtype binding affinities and selectivities, and agonist potencies at FP and other PG receptors in cultured cells. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Dec;19(6):501-15. [14733708 ]
  4. Lim KS, Nau CB, O'Byrne MM, Hodge DO, Toris CB, McLaren JW, Johnson DH: Mechanism of action of bimatoprost, latanoprost, and travoprost in healthy subjects. A crossover study. Ophthalmology. 2008 May;115(5):790-795.e4. [18452763 ]
  5. Mintz EE: Group supervision: an experiential approach. Int J Group Psychother. 1978 Oct;28(4):467-9. [689791 ]
  6. Neacsu AM: [Receptors involved in the mechanism of action of topical prostaglandines]. Oftalmologia. 2009;53(2):3-7. [19697832 ]
  7. Wan Z, Woodward DF, Cornell CL, Fliri HG, Martos JL, Pettit SN, Wang JW, Kharlamb AB, Wheeler LA, Garst ME, Landsverk KJ, Struble CS, Stamer WD: Bimatoprost, prostamide activity, and conventional drainage. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2007 Sep;48(9):4107-15. [17724194 ]
  8. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2). The activity of this receptor is mediated by G(q) proteins which activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. May play a role as an important modulator of renal function. Implicated the smooth muscle contractile response to PGE2 in various tissues
Gene Name:
PTGER1
Uniprot ID:
P34995
Molecular weight:
41800.7
References
  1. Sharif NA, Kelly CR, Crider JY, Williams GW, Xu SX: Ocular hypotensive FP prostaglandin (PG) analogs: PG receptor subtype binding affinities and selectivities, and agonist potencies at FP and other PG receptors in cultured cells. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Dec;19(6):501-15. [14733708 ]
  2. Ota T, Aihara M, Saeki T, Narumiya S, Araie M: The effects of prostaglandin analogues on prostanoid EP1, EP2, and EP3 receptor-deficient mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Aug;47(8):3395-9. [16877408 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for prostaglandin E2 (PGE2); the EP3 receptor may be involved in inhibition of gastric acid secretion, modulation of neurotransmitter release in central and peripheral neurons, inhibition of sodium and water reabsorption in kidney tubulus and contraction in uterine smooth muscle. The activity of this receptor can couple to both the inhibition of adenylate cyclase mediated by G-I proteins, and to an elevation of intracellular calcium. The various isoforms have identical ligand binding properties but can interact with different second messenger systems
Gene Name:
PTGER3
Uniprot ID:
P43115
Molecular weight:
43309.3
References
  1. Sharif NA, Kelly CR, Crider JY, Williams GW, Xu SX: Ocular hypotensive FP prostaglandin (PG) analogs: PG receptor subtype binding affinities and selectivities, and agonist potencies at FP and other PG receptors in cultured cells. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2003 Dec;19(6):501-15. [14733708 ]
  2. Gabelt BT, Hennes EA, Bendel MA, Constant CE, Okka M, Kaufman PL: Prostaglandin subtype-selective and non-selective IOP-lowering comparison in monkeys. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2009 Feb;25(1):1-8. [19232013 ]
  3. Ota T, Aihara M, Saeki T, Narumiya S, Araie M: The effects of prostaglandin analogues on prostanoid EP1, EP2, and EP3 receptor-deficient mice. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2006 Aug;47(8):3395-9. [16877408 ]