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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:26 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15092
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameNorgestimate
DescriptionNorgestimate is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a form of progesterone, which is a female hormone important for the regulation of ovulation and menstruation. Norgestimate is used with estradiol to treat the symptoms of menopause.Norgestimate binds to androgen and progestogen receptors. Target cells include the female reproductive tract, the mammary gland, the hypothalamus, and the pituitary. Once bound to the receptor, progestins like Norgestimate will slow the frequency of release of gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) from the hypothalamus and blunt the pre-ovulatory LH (luteinizing hormone) surge.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(+)-13-Ethyl-17-hydroxy-18,19-dinor-17alpha-pregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one oxime acetate (ester)ChEBI
(17alpha)-17-(Acetyloxy)-13-ethyl-18,19-dinorpregn-4-en-20-yn-3-one 3-oximeChEBI
D-13beta-Ethyl-17alpha-ethynyl-17beta-acetoxygon-4-en-3-one oximeChEBI
Dexnorgestrel acetimeChEBI
NorgestimatoChEBI
NorgestimatumChEBI
Chemical FormulaC23H31NO3
Average Molecular Weight369.4971
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight369.230393863
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,5E,10R,11S,14R,15S)-15-ethyl-14-ethynyl-5-(hydroxyimino)tetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-6-en-14-yl acetate
Traditional Namenorgestimate
CAS Registry Number35189-28-7
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@@](OC(C)=O)(C#C)[C@@]1(CC)CC[C@]1([H])[C@@]3([H])CC\C(C=C3CC[C@@]21[H])=N/O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C23H31NO3/c1-4-22-12-10-19-18-9-7-17(24-26)14-16(18)6-8-20(19)21(22)11-13-23(22,5-2)27-15(3)25/h2,14,18-21,26H,4,6-13H2,1,3H3/b24-17+/t18-,19+,20+,21-,22-,23-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=KIQQMECNKUGGKA-NMYWJIRASA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as steroid esters. These are compounds containing a steroid moiety which bears a carboxylic acid ester group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroid esters
Direct ParentSteroid esters
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Steroid ester
  • Estrane-skeleton
  • Delta-4-steroid
  • Ynone
  • Acetate salt
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Oxime
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Cell signaling
  • Contraceptives
  • Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point216 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility5.31e-03 g/LNot Available
LogP4.8Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0053 mg/mLALOGPS
logP3.8ALOGPS
logP4.11ChemAxon
logS-4.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.47ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)3.11ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area58.89 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity105 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability42.82 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, NegativeNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, NegativeNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00957
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00957
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00957
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5022837
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNorgestimate
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15092
Metagene LinkHMDB15092
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6540478
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID50815
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Isoform A is inactive in stimulating c-Src/MAPK signaling on hormone stimulation
Gene Name:
PGR
Uniprot ID:
P06401
Molecular weight:
98980.0
References
  1. London RS, Chapdelaine A, Upmalis D, Olson W, Smith J: Comparative contraceptive efficacy and mechanism of action of the norgestimate-containing triphasic oral contraceptive. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand Suppl. 1992;156:9-14. [1324557 ]
  2. Graziottin A: A review of transdermal hormonal contraception : focus on the ethinylestradiol/norelgestromin contraceptive patch. Treat Endocrinol. 2006;5(6):359-65. [17107221 ]
  3. Kuhnz W, Fritzemeier KH, Hegele-Hartung C, Krattenmacher R: Comparative progestational activity of norgestimate, levonorgestrel-oxime and levonorgestrel in the rat and binding of these compounds to the progesterone receptor. Contraception. 1995 Feb;51(2):131-9. [7750291 ]
  4. Juchem M, Pollow K, Elger W, Hoffmann G, Mobus V: Receptor binding of norgestimate--a new orally active synthetic progestational compound. Contraception. 1993 Mar;47(3):283-94. [8384965 ]
  5. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Nuclear hormone receptor. The steroid hormones and their receptors are involved in the regulation of eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Can activate the transcriptional activity of TFF1
Gene Name:
ESR1
Uniprot ID:
P03372
Molecular weight:
66215.4
References
  1. Pasqualini JR: Differential effects of progestins on breast tissue enzymes. Maturitas. 2003 Dec 10;46 Suppl 1:S45-54. [14670645 ]
  2. Juchem M, Pollow K: Binding of oral contraceptive progestogens to serum proteins and cytoplasmic receptor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1990 Dec;163(6 Pt 2):2171-83. [2175153 ]
  3. Shields-Botella J, Duc I, Duranti E, Puccio F, Bonnet P, Delansorne R, Paris J: An overview of nomegestrol acetate selective receptor binding and lack of estrogenic action on hormone-dependent cancer cells. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2003 Nov;87(2-3):111-22. [14672731 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Mediates hepatobiliary excretion of numerous organic anions. May function as a cellular cisplatin transporter
Gene Name:
ABCC2
Uniprot ID:
Q92887
Molecular weight:
174205.6
References
  1. Lindenmaier H, Becker M, Haefeli WE, Weiss J: Interaction of progestins with the human multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2). Drug Metab Dispos. 2005 Nov;33(11):1576-9. Epub 2005 Jul 27. [16049127 ]