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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:26 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15093
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCarboplatin
DescriptionCarboplatin is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is an organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity. [PubChem]Alkylating agents work by three different mechanisms: 1) attachment of alkyl groups to DNA bases, resulting in the DNA being fragmented by repair enzymes in their attempts to replace the alkylated bases, preventing DNA synthesis and RNA transcription from the affected DNA, 2) DNA damage via the formation of cross-links (bonds between atoms in the DNA) which prevents DNA from being separated for synthesis or transcription, and 3) the induction of mispairing of the nucleotides leading to mutations.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
CbdcaChEBI
Chemical FormulaC6H12N2O4Pt
Average Molecular Weight371.254
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight371.044481331
IUPAC Name6,8-dioxa-7-platinaspiro[3.5]nonane-5,9-dione diamine
Traditional Name6,8-dioxa-7-platinaspiro[3.5]nonane-5,9-dione diamine
CAS Registry Number41575-94-4
SMILES
N.N.O=C1O[Pt]OC(=O)C11CCC1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C6H8O4.2H3N.Pt/c7-4(8)6(5(9)10)2-1-3-6;;;/h1-3H2,(H,7,8)(H,9,10);2*1H3;/q;;;+2/p-2
InChI KeyInChIKey=OLESAACUTLOWQZ-UHFFFAOYSA-L
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as metalloheterocyclic compounds. These are heterocyclic compounds contain one metal ring atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassMetalloheterocyclic compounds
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentMetalloheterocyclic compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic metal salt
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Metalloheterocycle
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic transition metal salt
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Cross-Linking Reagents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP1.06ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-6.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area52.6 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity29.01 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability14.06 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00958
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00958
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00958
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID8514637
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkCarboplatin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15093
Metagene LinkHMDB15093
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound10339178
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID31355
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Canetta R, Rozencweig M, Carter SK: Carboplatin: the clinical spectrum to date. Cancer Treat Rev. 1985 Sep;12 Suppl A:125-36. [3002623 ]
  2. Knox RJ, Friedlos F, Lydall DA, Roberts JJ: Mechanism of cytotoxicity of anticancer platinum drugs: evidence that cis-diamminedichloroplatinum(II) and cis-diammine-(1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylato)platinum(II) differ only in the kinetics of their interaction with DNA. Cancer Res. 1986 Apr;46(4 Pt 2):1972-9. [3512077 ]
  3. Natarajan G, Malathi R, Holler E: Increased DNA-binding activity of cis-1,1-cyclobutanedicarboxylatodiammineplatinum(II) (carboplatin) in the presence of nucleophiles and human breast cancer MCF-7 cell cytoplasmic extracts: activation theory revisited. Biochem Pharmacol. 1999 Nov 15;58(10):1625-9. [10535754 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Key enzyme in purine degradation. Catalyzes the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine. Catalyzes the oxidation of xanthine to uric acid. Contributes to the generation of reactive oxygen species. Has also low oxidase activity towards aldehydes (in vitro).
Gene Name:
XDH
Uniprot ID:
P47989
Molecular weight:
146422.99
References
  1. Husai K, Jagannathan R, Hasan Z, Trammell GL, Rybak LP, Hazelrigg SR, Somani SM: Dose response of carboplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Pharmacol Toxicol. 2002 Aug;91(2):83-9. [12420797 ]
  2. Husain K, Whitworth C, Rybak LP: Time response of carboplatin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats. Pharmacol Res. 2004 Sep;50(3):291-300. [15225673 ]
  3. Husain K, Whitworth C, Somani SM, Rybak LP: Carboplatin-induced oxidative stress in rat cochlea. Hear Res. 2001 Sep;159(1-2):14-22. [11520631 ]
  4. Husain K, Whitworth C, Hazelrigg S, Rybak L: Carboplatin-induced oxidative injury in rat inferior colliculus. Int J Toxicol. 2003 Sep-Oct;22(5):335-42. [14555405 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in copper ion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Involved in high-affinity copper uptake
Gene Name:
SLC31A1
Uniprot ID:
O15431
Molecular weight:
21090.5
References
  1. Howell SB, Safaei R, Larson CA, Sailor MJ: Copper transporters and the cellular pharmacology of the platinum-containing cancer drugs. Mol Pharmacol. 2010 Jun;77(6):887-94. Epub 2010 Feb 16. [20159940 ]
General function:
Involved in copper ion transmembrane transporter activity
Specific function:
Involved in low-affinity copper uptake (Potential)
Gene Name:
SLC31A2
Uniprot ID:
O15432
Molecular weight:
15681.3
References
  1. Blair BG, Larson CA, Safaei R, Howell SB: Copper transporter 2 regulates the cellular accumulation and cytotoxicity of Cisplatin and Carboplatin. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Jul 1;15(13):4312-21. Epub 2009 Jun 9. [19509135 ]