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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:27 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15094
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameMethylprednisolone
DescriptionMethylprednisolone is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a prednisolone derivative with similar anti-inflammatory action. [PubChem]Unbound glucocorticoids cross cell membranes and bind with high affinity to specific cytoplasmic receptors, modifying transcription and protein synthesis. By this mechanism, glucocorticoids can inhibit leukocyte infiltration at the site of inflammation, interfere with mediators of inflammatory response, and suppress humoral immune responses. The antiinflammatory actions of corticosteroids are thought to involve phospholipase A2 inhibitory proteins, lipocortins, which control the biosynthesis of potent mediators of inflammation such as prostaglandins and leukotrienes.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(6alpha,11beta)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dioneChEBI
1-dehydro-6alpha-MethylhydrocortisoneChEBI
6alpha-Methyl-11beta,17alpha,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dioneChEBI
Delta(1)-6alpha-MethylhydrocortisoneChEBI
MedrateChEBI
MedrolChEBI
MedroneChEBI
MethylprednisolonChEBI
MethylprednisolonumChEBI
MetilprednisolonaChEBI
SolometChEBI
UrbasonChEBI
(6a,11b)-11,17,21-Trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dioneGenerator
(6α,11β)-11,17,21-trihydroxy-6-methylpregna-1,4-diene-3,20-dioneGenerator
1-dehydro-6a-MethylhydrocortisoneGenerator
1-dehydro-6α-methylhydrocortisoneGenerator
6a-Methyl-11b,17a,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dioneGenerator
6α-methyl-11β,17α,21-triol-1,4-pregnadiene-3,20-dioneGenerator
delta(1)-6a-MethylhydrocortisoneGenerator
δ(1)-6α-methylhydrocortisoneGenerator
Medric acidGenerator
δ(1)-6a-methylhydrocortisoneGenerator
6alpha-MethylprednisoloneHMDB
MethyleneprednisoloneHMDB
MetilprednisoloneHMDB
Chemical FormulaC22H30O5
Average Molecular Weight374.4706
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight374.20932407
IUPAC Name(1S,2R,8S,10S,11S,14R,15S,17S)-14,17-dihydroxy-14-(2-hydroxyacetyl)-2,8,15-trimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadeca-3,6-dien-5-one
Traditional Namemethylprednisolone
CAS Registry Number83-43-2
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC[C@](O)(C(=O)CO)[C@@]1(C)C[C@H](O)[C@@]1([H])[C@@]2([H])C[C@H](C)C2=CC(=O)C=C[C@]12C
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C22H30O5/c1-12-8-14-15-5-7-22(27,18(26)11-23)21(15,3)10-17(25)19(14)20(2)6-4-13(24)9-16(12)20/h4,6,9,12,14-15,17,19,23,25,27H,5,7-8,10-11H2,1-3H3/t12-,14-,15-,17-,19+,20-,21-,22-/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=VHRSUDSXCMQTMA-PJHHCJLFSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 21-hydroxysteroids. These are steroids carrying a hydroxyl group at the 21-position of the steroid backbone.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassHydroxysteroids
Direct Parent21-hydroxysteroids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • 21-hydroxysteroid
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • Pregnane-skeleton
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 17-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-hydroxysteroid
  • 11-beta-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • 3-oxosteroid
  • 3-oxo-delta-1,4-steroid
  • Delta-1,4-steroid
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Alpha-hydroxy ketone
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Adrenergic Agents
  • Anti-inflammatory Agents
  • Antiemetics
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Neuroprotective Agents
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point232.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.09e-01 g/LNot Available
LogP1.5Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.11 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.06ALOGPS
logP1.56ChemAxon
logS-3.5ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)12.58ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-2.9ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count3ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area94.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity103.04 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability40.84 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00959
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB00959
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB00959
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID6485
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkMethylprednisolone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15094
Metagene LinkHMDB15094
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound6741
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID6888
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Download (PDF)
General References
  1. Sloka JS, Stefanelli M: The mechanism of action of methylprednisolone in the treatment of multiple sclerosis. Mult Scler. 2005 Aug;11(4):425-32. [16042225 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]

Transporters

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
Energy-dependent efflux pump responsible for decreased drug accumulation in multidrug-resistant cells
Gene Name:
ABCB1
Uniprot ID:
P08183
Molecular weight:
141477.3
References
  1. Oka A, Oda M, Saitoh H, Nakayama A, Takada M, Aungst BJ: Secretory transport of methylprednisolone possibly mediated by P-glycoprotein in Caco-2 cells. Biol Pharm Bull. 2002 Mar;25(3):393-6. [11913542 ]
  2. Troutman MD, Thakker DR: Novel experimental parameters to quantify the modulation of absorptive and secretory transport of compounds by P-glycoprotein in cell culture models of intestinal epithelium. Pharm Res. 2003 Aug;20(8):1210-24. [12948019 ]
  3. Yates CR, Chang C, Kearbey JD, Yasuda K, Schuetz EG, Miller DD, Dalton JT, Swaan PW: Structural determinants of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport of glucocorticoids. Pharm Res. 2003 Nov;20(11):1794-803. [14661924 ]