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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:45 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15172
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameCarphenazine
DescriptionCarphenazine is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is an antipsychotic drug, used in hospitalized patients in the management of chronic schizophrenic psychoses.A yellow, powdered, phenothiazine antipsychotic agent used in the treatment of acute or chronic schizophrenia. The term "phenothiazines" is used to describe the largest of the five main classes of neuroleptic antipsychotic drugs. These drugs have antipsychotic and, often, antiemetic properties, although they may also cause severe side effects such as akathisia, tardive dyskinesia and extrapyramidal symptoms. Carphenazine blocks postsynaptic mesolimbic dopaminergic D1 and D2 receptors in the brain; depresses the release of hypothalamic and hypophyseal hormones and is believed to depress the reticular activating system thus affecting basal metabolism, body temperature, wakefulness, vasomotor tone, and emesis.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1-(10-(3-(4-(2-Hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl)propyl)phenothiazin-2-yl)-1-propanoneChEBI
CarfenazinaChEBI
CarfenazineChEBI
CarfenazinumChEBI
CarphenazinHMDB
Chemical FormulaC23H29N3O2S
Average Molecular Weight411.56
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight411.198047877
IUPAC Name1-(10-{2-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]ethyl}-10H-phenothiazin-2-yl)propan-1-one
Traditional Namecarfenazina
CAS Registry Number2622-30-2
SMILES
CCC(=O)C1=CC2=C(SC3=C(C=CC=C3)N2CCN2CCN(CCO)CC2)C=C1
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C23H29N3O2S/c1-2-21(28)18-7-8-23-20(17-18)26(19-5-3-4-6-22(19)29-23)14-13-24-9-11-25(12-10-24)15-16-27/h3-8,17,27H,2,9-16H2,1H3
InChI KeyInChIKey=DYCNETKPCXPXNW-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenothiazines. These are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a phenothiazine moiety, which is a linear tricyclic system that consists of a two benzene rings joined by a para-thiazine ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassBenzothiazines
Sub ClassPhenothiazines
Direct ParentPhenothiazines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenothiazine
  • Alkyldiarylamine
  • Diarylthioether
  • Acetophenone
  • Aryl alkyl ketone
  • Aryl ketone
  • Benzoyl
  • N-alkylpiperazine
  • Benzenoid
  • Piperazine
  • 1,4-diazinane
  • Para-thiazine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Ketone
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Azacycle
  • Thioether
  • Alkanolamine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antipsychotics
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility9.05e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP3.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.09 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.84ALOGPS
logP3.29ChemAxon
logS-3.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)15.56ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)8ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area47.02 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count7ChemAxon
Refractivity121.46 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability47.25 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings4ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01038
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01038
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01038
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID21865853
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15172
Metagene LinkHMDB15172
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound25137957
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID51235
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
This is one of the five types (D1 to D5) of receptors for dopamine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which inhibit adenylyl cyclase
Gene Name:
DRD2
Uniprot ID:
P14416
Molecular weight:
50618.9
References
  1. Vinar O, Formankova M, Taussigova D, Ruzicka S: Carphenazine in the treatment of schizophrenic psychoses. Controlled clinical trial. Act Nerv Super (Praha). 1967 Nov;9(4):353-5. [4889058 ]
  2. Bora G: Comparison of dosage ranges of carphenazine and trifluoperazine in elderly chronic schizophrenics. Dis Nerv Syst. 1968 Oct;29(10):695-7. [4887393 ]
  3. Platz AR, Klett CJ, Caffey EM Jr: Selective drug action related to chronic schizophrenic subtype. (A comparative study of carphenazine, chlorpromazine, and trifluoperazine). Dis Nerv Syst. 1967 Sep;28(9):601-5. [4861216 ]
  4. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
This is one of the five types (D1 to D5) of receptors for dopamine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase
Gene Name:
DRD1
Uniprot ID:
P21728
Molecular weight:
49292.8
References
  1. Vinar O, Formankova M, Taussigova D, Ruzicka S: Carphenazine in the treatment of schizophrenic psychoses. Controlled clinical trial. Act Nerv Super (Praha). 1967 Nov;9(4):353-5. [4889058 ]
  2. Bora G: Comparison of dosage ranges of carphenazine and trifluoperazine in elderly chronic schizophrenics. Dis Nerv Syst. 1968 Oct;29(10):695-7. [4887393 ]
  3. Platz AR, Klett CJ, Caffey EM Jr: Selective drug action related to chronic schizophrenic subtype. (A comparative study of carphenazine, chlorpromazine, and trifluoperazine). Dis Nerv Syst. 1967 Sep;28(9):601-5. [4861216 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
This is one of the five types (D1 to D5) of receptors for dopamine. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylyl cyclase
Gene Name:
DRD5
Uniprot ID:
P21918
Molecular weight:
52950.5
References
  1. Vinar O, Formankova M, Taussigova D, Ruzicka S: Carphenazine in the treatment of schizophrenic psychoses. Controlled clinical trial. Act Nerv Super (Praha). 1967 Nov;9(4):353-5. [4889058 ]
  2. Bora G: Comparison of dosage ranges of carphenazine and trifluoperazine in elderly chronic schizophrenics. Dis Nerv Syst. 1968 Oct;29(10):695-7. [4887393 ]
  3. Platz AR, Klett CJ, Caffey EM Jr: Selective drug action related to chronic schizophrenic subtype. (A comparative study of carphenazine, chlorpromazine, and trifluoperazine). Dis Nerv Syst. 1967 Sep;28(9):601-5. [4861216 ]