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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:47 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15180
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameLubiprostone
DescriptionLubiprostone is a medication used in the management of idiopathic chronic constipation. It is a bicyclic fatty acid (prostaglandin E1 derivative) which acts by specifically activating ClC-2 chloride channels on the apical aspect of gastrointestinal epithelial cells, producing a chloride-rich fluid secretion. These secretions soften the stool, increase motility, and promote spontaneous bowel movements (SBM).
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
AmitizaKegg
RU-0211HMDB
Chemical FormulaC20H32F2O5
Average Molecular Weight390.4619
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight390.221780544
IUPAC Name7-[(2R,4aR,5S,7aR)-2-(1,1-difluoropentyl)-2-hydroxy-6-oxo-octahydrocyclopenta[b]pyran-5-yl]heptanoic acid
Traditional Namelubiprostone
CAS Registry Number136790-76-6
SMILES
[H][C@@]12CC(=O)[C@@H](CCCCCCC(O)=O)[C@@]1([H])CC[C@@](O)(O2)C(F)(F)CCCC
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H32F2O5/c1-2-3-11-19(21,22)20(26)12-10-15-14(16(23)13-17(15)27-20)8-6-4-5-7-9-18(24)25/h14-15,17,26H,2-13H2,1H3,(H,24,25)/t14-,15+,17+,20+/m0/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=WGFOBBZOWHGYQH-DKYLXPRQSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Medium-chain fatty acid
  • Heterocyclic fatty acid
  • Halogenated fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Oxane
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Ketone
  • Hemiacetal
  • Halohydrin
  • Fluorohydrin
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organofluoride
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alkyl halide
  • Alkyl fluoride
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Anti-constipation Agents
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.56e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP4.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.026 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.76ALOGPS
logP4.56ChemAxon
logS-4.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.3ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-4.4ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area83.83 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count11ChemAxon
Refractivity95.6 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41.52 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01046
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01046
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01046
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID571057
KEGG Compound IDC13707
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkLubiprostone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15180
Metagene LinkHMDB15180
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound656719
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI IDNot Available
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Lacy BE, Chey WD: Lubiprostone: chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009 Jan;10(1):143-52. [19236188 ]
  2. Lacy BE, Levy LC: Lubiprostone: a novel treatment for chronic constipation. Clin Interv Aging. 2008;3(2):357-64. [18686757 ]
  3. Crowell MD, Harris LA, DiBaise JK, Olden KW: Activation of type-2 chloride channels: a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of chronic constipation. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2007 Jan;8(1):66-70. [17263187 ]
  4. Ambizas EM, Ginzburg R: Lubiprostone: a chloride channel activator for treatment of chronic constipation. Ann Pharmacother. 2007 Jun;41(6):957-64. Epub 2007 May 22. [17519292 ]
  5. Ambizas EM, Ginzburg R: Lubiprostone: a chloride channel activator for treatment of chronic constipation. Ann Pharmacother. 2007 Jun;41(6):957-64. Epub 2007 May 22. [17519292 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
NADPH-dependent reductase with broad substrate specificity. Catalyzes the reduction of a wide variety of carbonyl compounds including quinones, prostaglandins, menadione, plus various xenobiotics. Catalyzes the reduction of the antitumor anthracyclines doxorubicin and daunorubicin to the cardiotoxic compounds doxorubicinol and daunorubicinol. Can convert prostaglandin E2 to prostaglandin F2-alpha. Can bind glutathione, which explains its higher affinity for glutathione-conjugated substrates. Catalyzes the reduction of S-nitrosoglutathione.
Gene Name:
CBR1
Uniprot ID:
P16152
Molecular weight:
30374.73
References
  1. Lacy BE, Chey WD: Lubiprostone: chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009 Jan;10(1):143-52. [19236188 ]
  2. Lacy BE, Levy LC: Lubiprostone: a novel treatment for chronic constipation. Clin Interv Aging. 2008;3(2):357-64. [18686757 ]
General function:
Involved in voltage-gated chloride channel activity
Specific function:
Voltage-gated chloride channel. Chloride channels have several functions including the regulation of cell volume; membrane potential stabilization, signal transduction and transepithelial transport
Gene Name:
CLCN2
Uniprot ID:
P51788
Molecular weight:
98534.4
References
  1. [No authors listed]Lubiprostone: RU 0211, SPI 0211. Drugs R D. 2005;6(4):245-8. [15991886 ]
  2. Moeser AJ, Nighot PK, Engelke KJ, Ueno R, Blikslager AT: Recovery of mucosal barrier function in ischemic porcine ileum and colon is stimulated by a novel agonist of the ClC-2 chloride channel, lubiprostone. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007 Feb;292(2):G647-56. Epub 2006 Oct 19. [17053162 ]
  3. Lacy BE, Levy LC: Lubiprostone: a chloride channel activator. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2007 Apr;41(4):345-51. [17413599 ]
  4. Crowell MD, Harris LA, DiBaise JK, Olden KW: Activation of type-2 chloride channels: a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of chronic constipation. Curr Opin Investig Drugs. 2007 Jan;8(1):66-70. [17263187 ]
  5. Lacy BE, Chey WD: Lubiprostone: chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2009 Jan;10(1):143-52. [19236188 ]
  6. Ambizas EM, Ginzburg R: Lubiprostone: a chloride channel activator for treatment of chronic constipation. Ann Pharmacother. 2007 Jun;41(6):957-64. Epub 2007 May 22. [17519292 ]
  7. Lacy BE, Levy LC: Lubiprostone: a novel treatment for chronic constipation. Clin Interv Aging. 2008;3(2):357-64. [18686757 ]
  8. Johanson JF, Ueno R: Lubiprostone, a locally acting chloride channel activator, in adult patients with chronic constipation: a double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging study to evaluate efficacy and safety. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2007 Jun 1;25(11):1351-61. [17509103 ]
  9. Kapoor S: Emerging new therapeutic options for the management of opioid induced constipation. J Pain Palliat Care Pharmacother. 2010 Mar;24(1):98-9. [20345211 ]
  10. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]