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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:31:57 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15221
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDeserpidine
DescriptionDeserpidine is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is an ester alkaloid drug isolated from Rauwolfia canescens (family Apocynaceae) with antipsychotic and antihypertensive properties that has been used for the control of high blood pressure and for the relief of psychotic behavior.Deserpidine's mechanism of action is through inhibition of the ATP/Mg2+ pump responsible for the sequestering of neurotransmitters into storage vesicles located in the presynaptic neuron. The neurotransmitters that are not sequestered in the storage vesicle are readily metabolized by monoamine oxidase (MAO) causing a reduction in catecholamines.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(3beta,16beta,17alpha,18beta,20alpha)-17-Methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylic acid methyl esterChEBI
11-DemethoxyreserpineChEBI
11-DesmethoxyreserpineChEBI
CanescineChEBI
HarmonylChEBI
RaunormineChEBI
RecanescineChEBI
(3b,16b,17a,18b,20a)-17-Methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylate methyl esterGenerator
(3b,16b,17a,18b,20a)-17-Methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylic acid methyl esterGenerator
(3beta,16beta,17alpha,18beta,20alpha)-17-Methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylate methyl esterGenerator
(3β,16β,17α,18β,20α)-17-methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylate methyl esterGenerator
(3β,16β,17α,18β,20α)-17-methoxy-18-[(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl)oxy]yohimban-16-carboxylic acid methyl esterGenerator
DeresperineHMDB
DesepridineHMDB
DeserpidinHMDB
DeserpineHMDB
DesmethoxyreserpineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC32H38N2O8
Average Molecular Weight578.6527
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight578.262816202
IUPAC Namemethyl (1R,15S,17R,18R,19S,20S)-18-methoxy-17-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyloxy)-3,13-diazapentacyclo[11.8.0.0²,¹⁰.0⁴,⁹.0¹⁵,²⁰]henicosa-2(10),4,6,8-tetraene-19-carboxylate
Traditional Namedeserpidine
CAS Registry Number131-01-1
SMILES
[H][C@]12C[C@@H](OC(=O)C3=CC(OC)=C(OC)C(OC)=C3)[C@H](OC)[C@@H](C(=O)OC)[C@@]1([H])C[C@@]1([H])N(CCC3=C1NC1=CC=CC=C31)C2
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C32H38N2O8/c1-37-24-12-17(13-25(38-2)29(24)39-3)31(35)42-26-14-18-16-34-11-10-20-19-8-6-7-9-22(19)33-28(20)23(34)15-21(18)27(30(26)40-4)32(36)41-5/h6-9,12-13,18,21,23,26-27,30,33H,10-11,14-16H2,1-5H3/t18-,21+,23-,26-,27+,30+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=CVBMAZKKCSYWQR-WCGOZPBSSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as yohimbine alkaloids. These are alkaloids containing the pentacyclic yohimban skeleton. The Yohimbinoid alkaloids contain a carbocyclic ring E arising through C-17 to C-18 bond formation in a corynantheine precursor.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassAlkaloids and derivatives
ClassYohimbine alkaloids
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentYohimbine alkaloids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Yohimbine
  • Corynanthean skeleton
  • Yohimbine alkaloid
  • Pyridoindole
  • Beta-carboline
  • Gallic acid or derivatives
  • P-methoxybenzoic acid or derivatives
  • M-methoxybenzoic acid or derivatives
  • Benzoate ester
  • Indole or derivatives
  • Indole
  • Benzylether
  • Benzoic acid or derivatives
  • Methoxybenzene
  • Phenol ether
  • Benzoyl
  • Anisole
  • Aralkylamine
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Piperidine
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Monocyclic benzene moiety
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Methyl ester
  • Pyrrole
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antihypertensive Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point230.5 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.11e-02 g/LNot Available
LogP3.3Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.011 mg/mLALOGPS
logP4.25ALOGPS
logP3.69ChemAxon
logS-4.7ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)16.37ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)7.57ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count7ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area108.55 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count9ChemAxon
Refractivity154.96 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability62.59 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings6ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01089
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01089
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01089
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID8232
KEGG Compound IDC06541
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15221
Metagene LinkHMDB15221
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound8550
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID27478
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in transmembrane transport
Specific function:
Involved in the ATP-dependent vesicular transport of biogenic amine neurotransmitters. Pumps cytosolic monoamines including dopamine, norepinephrine, serotonin, and histamine into synaptic vesicles. Requisite for vesicular amine storage prior to secretion via exocytosis
Gene Name:
SLC18A2
Uniprot ID:
Q05940
Molecular weight:
55712.1
References
  1. Sievert MK, Hajipour AR, Ruoho AE: Specific derivatization of the vesicle monoamine transporter with novel carrier-free radioiodinated reserpine and tetrabenazine photoaffinity labels. Anal Biochem. 2007 Aug 1;367(1):68-78. Epub 2007 May 3. [17559790 ]
  2. Naudon L, Leroux-Nicollet I, Raisman-Vozari R, Botton D, Costentin J: Time-course of modifications elicited by reserpine on the density and mRNA synthesis of the vesicular monoamine transporter, and on the density of the membrane dopamine uptake complex. Synapse. 1995 Sep;21(1):29-36. [8525459 ]
  3. Erickson JD, Eiden LE, Hoffman BJ: Expression cloning of a reserpine-sensitive vesicular monoamine transporter. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 Nov 15;89(22):10993-7. [1438304 ]
  4. Mandela P, Chandley M, Xu YY, Zhu MY, Ordway GA: Reserpine-induced reduction in norepinephrine transporter function requires catecholamine storage vesicles. Neurochem Int. 2010 May-Jun;56(6-7):760-7. Epub 2010 Feb 20. [20176067 ]
  5. Fulton SC, Healy MD: Comparison of the effectiveness of deserpidine, reserpine, and alpha-methyltyrosine on brain biogenic amines. Fed Proc. 1976 Dec;35(14):2558-62. [11134 ]
  6. Loeffler LJ, Schran HF: Antibody specificity studies for reserpine, its metabolites, and synthetic reserpine congeners: radioimmunoassay. J Pharm Sci. 1979 Nov;68(11):1433-5. [574544 ]