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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:32:15 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15289
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameBretylium
DescriptionBretylium blocks the release of noradrenaline from the peripheral sympathetic nervous system, and is used in emergency medicine, cardiology, and other specialties for the acute management of ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation. The primary mode of action for bretylium is thought to be inhibition of voltage-gated K(+) channels. Recent evidence has shown that bretylium may also inhibit the Na,K-ATPase by binding to the extracellular K-site.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(2-Bromobenzyl)ethyldimethylaminiumChEBI
2-bromo-N-Ethyl-N,N-dimethylbenzenemethanaminiumChEBI
N-Ethyl-N,N-dimethyl-2-bromobenzenemethanaminiumChEBI
BretylateHMDB
Bretylium tolsylateHMDB
Bretylium tosylateHMDB
BretylumHMDB
Chemical FormulaC11H17BrN
Average Molecular Weight243.163
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight242.054437196
IUPAC Name[(2-bromophenyl)methyl](ethyl)dimethylazanium
Traditional Namebretylium
CAS Registry Number59-41-6
SMILES
CC[N+](C)(C)CC1=CC=CC=C1Br
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C11H17BrN/c1-4-13(2,3)9-10-7-5-6-8-11(10)12/h5-8H,4,9H2,1-3H3/q+1
InChI KeyInChIKey=AAQOQKQBGPPFNS-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phenylmethylamines. These are compounds containing a phenylmethtylamine moiety, which consists of a phenyl group substituted by an methanamine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassPhenylmethylamines
Direct ParentPhenylmethylamines
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Phenylmethylamine
  • Benzylamine
  • Aralkylamine
  • Halobenzene
  • Bromobenzene
  • Aryl halide
  • Aryl bromide
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organobromide
  • Organohalogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic cation
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Adrenergic Antagonists
  • Anti-Arrhythmia Agents
  • Antihypertensive Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility1.54e-04 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.000154 mg/mLALOGPS
logP-1.4ALOGPS
logP-1.1ChemAxon
logS-6.3ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)17.58ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area0 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count3ChemAxon
Refractivity72.89 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability23.24 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01158
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01158
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01158
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID2337
KEGG Compound IDC06855
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkBretylium
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15289
Metagene LinkHMDB15289
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound2431
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID3172
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in ATP binding
Specific function:
This is the catalytic component of the active enzyme, which catalyzes the hydrolysis of ATP coupled with the exchange of sodium and potassium ions across the plasma membrane. This action creates the electrochemical gradient of sodium and potassium ions, providing the energy for active transport of various nutrients.
Gene Name:
ATP1A1
Uniprot ID:
P05023
Molecular weight:
112895.01
References
  1. Dzimiri N, Almotrefi AA: Inhibition of myocardial Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity by bretylium: role of potassium. Arch Int Pharmacodyn Ther. 1992 Jul-Aug;318:76-85. [1334399 ]
  2. Helms JB, Arnett KL, Gatto C, Milanick MA: Bretylium, an organic quaternary amine, inhibits the Na,K-ATPase by binding to the extracellular K-site. Blood Cells Mol Dis. 2004 May-Jun;32(3):394-400. [15121098 ]
  3. Dzimiri N, Almotrefi AA: Interaction of bretylium tosylate with guinea-pig myocardial Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase. Gen Pharmacol. 1991;22(5):935-8. [1662173 ]
  4. Tiku PE, Nowell PT: Selective inhibition of K(+)-stimulation of Na,K-ATPase by bretylium. Br J Pharmacol. 1991 Dec;104(4):895-900. [1667290 ]