You are using an unsupported browser. Please upgrade your browser to a newer version to get the best experience on Human Metabolome Database.
Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:32:16 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15291
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDinoprost Tromethamine
DescriptionDinoprost Tromethamine is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug.The tromethamine (THAM) salt of the naturally occurring prostaglandin F2 alpha, dinoprost tromethamine occurs as a white to off-white, very hygroscopic, crystalline powder. Dinoprost tromethamine may also be known as dinoprost trometamol, PGF2 alpha THAM, or prostaglandin F2 alpha tromethamine.Dinoprost tromethamine appears to act directly on the myometrium, but this has not been completely established. Dinoprost stimulates myometrial contractions (via its interaction with the prostaglandin receptors) in the gravid uterus that are similar to the contractions that occur in the term uterus during labor. These contractions are usually sufficient to cause abortion. Uterine response to prostaglandins increases gradually throughout pregnancy. Dinoprost also facilitates cervical dilatation and softening.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
Prostin F2 alphaKegg
Prostin F2 aGenerator
Prostin F2 αGenerator
Dinoprost, trometamol saltHMDB
PGF2-alpha THAMHMDB
PGF2alpha THAMHMDB
Prostaglandin F2-alpha thamHMDB
Prostaglandin F2a tromethamineHMDB
Prostaglandin F2alpha thamHMDB
Chemical FormulaC24H45NO8
Average Molecular Weight475.616
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight475.314517421
IUPAC Name(5Z)-7-[(1R,2R,3R,5S)-3,5-dihydroxy-2-[(1E,3S)-3-hydroxyoct-1-en-1-yl]cyclopentyl]hept-5-enoic acid; 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol
Traditional Nameglandin; tris buffer
CAS Registry Number38562-01-5
SMILES
OCC(N)(CO)CO.CCCCC[C@H](O)\C=C\[C@H]1[C@H](O)C[C@H](O)[C@@H]1C\C=C/CCCC(O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C20H34O5.C4H11NO3/c1-2-3-6-9-15(21)12-13-17-16(18(22)14-19(17)23)10-7-4-5-8-11-20(24)25;5-4(1-6,2-7)3-8/h4,7,12-13,15-19,21-23H,2-3,5-6,8-11,14H2,1H3,(H,24,25);6-8H,1-3,5H2/b7-4-,13-12+;/t15-,16+,17+,18-,19+;/m0./s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=IYGXEHDCSOYNKY-RZHHZEQLSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as prostaglandins and related compounds. These are unsaturated carboxylic acids consisting of a 20 carbon skeleton that also contains a five member ring, and are based upon the fatty acid arachidonic acid.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassFatty Acyls
Sub ClassEicosanoids
Direct ParentProstaglandins and related compounds
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Prostaglandin skeleton
  • Long-chain fatty acid
  • Hydroxy fatty acid
  • Carbocyclic fatty acid
  • Fatty acid
  • Unsaturated fatty acid
  • Cyclopentanol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
  • Cell signaling
  • Diagnostic aid (angiography)
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Oxytocics
  • Uterine stimulants
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point100 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water SolubilityNot AvailableNot Available
LogP-0.12Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
logP2.61ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Acidic)4.36ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)-1.6ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count4ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area97.99 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count15ChemAxon
Refractivity100.47 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41.56 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings1ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01160
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01160
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01160
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4445570
KEGG Compound IDC12786
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkNot Available
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15291
Metagene LinkHMDB15291
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5282415
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID774847
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for prostaglandin F2-alpha (PGF2-alpha). The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. Initiates luteolysis in the corpus luteum
Gene Name:
PTGFR
Uniprot ID:
P43088
Molecular weight:
40054.1
References
  1. Sakamoto K, Kamimura M, Kurozumi S, Ito S: Prostaglandin F2 alpha receptor. J Lipid Mediat Cell Signal. 1995 Oct;12(2-3):405-11. [8777582 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for prostacyclin (prostaglandin I2 or PGI2). The activity of this receptor is mediated by G(s) proteins which activate adenylate cyclase
Gene Name:
PTGIR
Uniprot ID:
P43119
Molecular weight:
40955.5
References
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [17016423 ]
  3. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]