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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:51 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:32:25 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15323
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameOxymorphone
DescriptionAn opioid analgesic with actions and uses similar to those of morphine, apart from an absence of cough suppressant activity. It is used in the treatment of moderate to severe pain, including pain in obstetrics. It may also be used as an adjunct to anesthesia. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1092)
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
NumorphanChEMBL
OpanaChEMBL
14-HydroxydihydromorphinoneHMDB
DihydrohydroxymorphinoneHMDB
DihydroxymorphinoneHMDB
EN3202HMDB
OximorphonumHMDB
OxymorphineHMDB
Chemical FormulaC17H19NO4
Average Molecular Weight301.3371
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight301.131408101
IUPAC Name(1S,5R,13R,17S)-10,17-dihydroxy-4-methyl-12-oxa-4-azapentacyclo[9.6.1.0¹,¹³.0⁵,¹⁷.0⁷,¹⁸]octadeca-7(18),8,10-trien-14-one
Traditional Nameoxymorphone
CAS Registry Number76-41-5
SMILES
[H][C@@]12OC3=C(O)C=CC4=C3[C@@]11CCN(C)[C@]([H])(C4)[C@]1(O)CCC2=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C17H19NO4/c1-18-7-6-16-13-9-2-3-10(19)14(13)22-15(16)11(20)4-5-17(16,21)12(18)8-9/h2-3,12,15,19,21H,4-8H2,1H3/t12-,15+,16+,17-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=UQCNKQCJZOAFTQ-ISWURRPUSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as morphinans. These are polycyclic compounds with a four-ring skeleton with three condensed six-member rings forming a partially hydrogenated phenanthrene moiety, one of which is aromatic while the two others are alicyclic.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassAlkaloids and derivatives
ClassMorphinans
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentMorphinans
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Morphinan
  • Benzylisoquinoline
  • Phenanthrene
  • Isoquinolone
  • Tetralin
  • Benzofuran
  • Aralkylamine
  • Cyclohexanone
  • Alkyl aryl ether
  • Benzenoid
  • Piperidine
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Tertiary amine
  • Ketone
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Oxacycle
  • Azacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Ether
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
  • Drug metabolite
Biofunction
  • Adjuvants
  • Adjuvants, Anesthesia
  • Analgesics
  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Narcotics
  • Opiate Agonists
  • Waste products
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting Point248 - 249 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.56e+01 g/LNot Available
LogP0Not Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility25.6 mg/mLALOGPS
logP1.26ALOGPS
logP0.78ChemAxon
logS-1.1ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)7.34ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)10.93ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count5ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area70 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity79.56 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability30.77 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings5ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
MSMass Spectrum (Electron Ionization)splash10-0udl-7932000000-89141254d526ca629dacView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
Pathways
NameSMPDB LinkKEGG Link
Oxymorphone PathwaySMP00412Not Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01192
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01192
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Predicted Concentrations
BiofluidValueOriginal ageOriginal sexOriginal conditionComments
Blood0-0.3 uMAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Blood0-0.2 umol/mmol creatinineAdult (>18 years old)BothNormalPredicted based on drug qualities
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01192
DrugBank Metabolite IDDBMET00321
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID4447650
KEGG Compound IDC08019
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkOxymorphone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15323
Metagene LinkHMDB15323
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5284604
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID194484
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It performs a variety of oxidation reactions (e.g. caffeine 8-oxidation, omeprazole sulphoxidation, midazolam 1'-hydroxylation and midazolam 4-hydroxylation) of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Acts as a 1,8-cineole 2-exo-monooxygenase. The enzyme also hydroxylates etoposide.
Gene Name:
CYP3A4
Uniprot ID:
P08684
Molecular weight:
57255.585
References
  1. Gronlund J, Saari TI, Hagelberg NM, Neuvonen PJ, Olkkola KT, Laine K: Exposure to oral oxycodone is increased by concomitant inhibition of CYP2D6 and 3A4 pathways, but not by inhibition of CYP2D6 alone. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Jul;70(1):78-87. [20642550 ]
  2. Samer CF, Daali Y, Wagner M, Hopfgartner G, Eap CB, Rebsamen MC, Rossier MF, Hochstrasser D, Dayer P, Desmeules JA: The effects of CYP2D6 and CYP3A activities on the pharmacokinetics of immediate release oxycodone. Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Jun;160(4):907-18. [20590587 ]
  3. Lalovic B, Kharasch E, Hoffer C, Risler L, Liu-Chen LY, Shen DD: Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oral oxycodone in healthy human subjects: role of circulating active metabolites. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2006 May;79(5):461-79. [16678548 ]
  4. Adams M, Pieniaszek HJ Jr, Gammaitoni AR, Ahdieh H: Oxymorphone extended release does not affect CYP2C9 or CYP3A4 metabolic pathways. J Clin Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;45(3):337-45. [15703368 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Responsible for the metabolism of many drugs and environmental chemicals that it oxidizes. It is involved in the metabolism of drugs such as antiarrhythmics, adrenoceptor antagonists, and tricyclic antidepressants.
Gene Name:
CYP2D6
Uniprot ID:
P10635
Molecular weight:
55768.94
References
  1. Gronlund J, Saari TI, Hagelberg NM, Neuvonen PJ, Olkkola KT, Laine K: Exposure to oral oxycodone is increased by concomitant inhibition of CYP2D6 and 3A4 pathways, but not by inhibition of CYP2D6 alone. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2010 Jul;70(1):78-87. [20642550 ]
  2. Samer CF, Daali Y, Wagner M, Hopfgartner G, Eap CB, Rebsamen MC, Rossier MF, Hochstrasser D, Dayer P, Desmeules JA: The effects of CYP2D6 and CYP3A activities on the pharmacokinetics of immediate release oxycodone. Br J Pharmacol. 2010 Jun;160(4):907-18. [20590587 ]
  3. Lalovic B, Kharasch E, Hoffer C, Risler L, Liu-Chen LY, Shen DD: Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of oral oxycodone in healthy human subjects: role of circulating active metabolites. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2006 May;79(5):461-79. [16678548 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Inhibits neurotransmitter release by reducing calcium ion currents and increasing potassium ion conductance. Highly stereoselective. receptor for enkephalins
Gene Name:
OPRD1
Uniprot ID:
P41143
Molecular weight:
40412.3
References
  1. Chamberlin KW, Cottle M, Neville R, Tan J: Oral oxymorphone for pain management. Ann Pharmacother. 2007 Jul;41(7):1144-52. Epub 2007 Jun 26. [17595308 ]
  2. Ananthan S, Khare NK, Saini SK, Seitz LE, Bartlett JL, Davis P, Dersch CM, Porreca F, Rothman RB, Bilsky EJ: Identification of opioid ligands possessing mixed micro agonist/delta antagonist activity among pyridomorphinans derived from naloxone, oxymorphone, and hydromorphone [correction of hydropmorphone]. J Med Chem. 2004 Mar 11;47(6):1400-12. [14998329 ]
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Inhibits neurotransmitter release by reducing calcium ion currents and increasing potassium ion conductance. Receptor for beta-endorphin
Gene Name:
OPRM1
Uniprot ID:
P35372
Molecular weight:
44778.9
References
  1. Spetea M, Nevin ST, Hosztafi S, Ronai AZ, Toth G, Borsodi A: Affinity profiles of novel delta-receptor selective benzofuran derivatives of non-peptide opioids. Neurochem Res. 1998 Sep;23(9):1211-6. [9712193 ]
  2. Lemberg KK, Kontinen VK, Siiskonen AO, Viljakka KM, Yli-Kauhaluoma JT, Korpi ER, Kalso EA: Antinociception by spinal and systemic oxycodone: why does the route make a difference? In vitro and in vivo studies in rats. Anesthesiology. 2006 Oct;105(4):801-12. [17006080 ]
  3. Chamberlin KW, Cottle M, Neville R, Tan J: Oral oxymorphone for pain management. Ann Pharmacother. 2007 Jul;41(7):1144-52. Epub 2007 Jun 26. [17595308 ]
  4. Halimi G, Devaux C, Clot-Faybesse O, Sampol J, Legof L, Rochat H, Guieu R: Modulation of adenosine concentration by opioid receptor agonists in rat striatum. Eur J Pharmacol. 2000 Jun 16;398(2):217-24. [10854833 ]
  5. Gardell LR, King T, Ossipov MH, Rice KC, Lai J, Vanderah TW, Porreca F: Opioid receptor-mediated hyperalgesia and antinociceptive tolerance induced by sustained opiate delivery. Neurosci Lett. 2006 Mar 20;396(1):44-9. Epub 2005 Dec 15. [16343768 ]
  6. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]