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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:32:58 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15454
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameRasagiline
DescriptionRasagiline is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is an irreversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase and is used as a monotherapy in early Parkinson's disease or as an adjunct therapy in more advanced cases.The precise mechanisms of action of rasagiline is unknown. One mechanism is believed to be related to its MAO-B inhibitory activity, which causes an increase in extracellular levels of dopamine in the striatum. The elevated dopamine level and subsequent increased dopaminergic activity are likely to mediate rasagiline's beneficial effects seen in models of dopaminergic motor dysfunction.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
(1R)-N-Propargylindan-1-amineChEBI
(R)-Indan-1-yl-prop-2-ynyl-amineChEBI
(R)-N-2-Propynyl-1-indanamineChEBI
RASChEBI
Chemical FormulaC12H13N
Average Molecular Weight171.2383
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight171.104799421
IUPAC Name(1R)-N-(prop-2-yn-1-yl)-2,3-dihydro-1H-inden-1-amine
Traditional Namerasagiline
CAS Registry Number136236-51-6
SMILES
C#CCN[C@@H]1CCC2=CC=CC=C12
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C12H13N/c1-2-9-13-12-8-7-10-5-3-4-6-11(10)12/h1,3-6,12-13H,7-9H2/t12-/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=RUOKEQAAGRXIBM-GFCCVEGCSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as indanes. These are compounds containing an indane moiety, which consists of a cyclopentane fused to a benzene ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassIndanes
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentIndanes
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Indane
  • Aralkylamine
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Amine
  • Aromatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homopolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
  • Neuroprotective Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.49e-02 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.025 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.26ALOGPS
logP2.3ChemAxon
logS-3.8ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)8.69ChemAxon
Physiological Charge1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count1ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count1ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area12.03 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count2ChemAxon
Refractivity54.47 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability20.25 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
Spectra
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, PositiveNot Available
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, PositiveNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01367
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01367
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01367
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID2314553
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkRasagiline
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15454
Metagene LinkHMDB15454
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound3052776
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID63620
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Leegwater-Kim J, Bortan E: The role of rasagiline in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clin Interv Aging. 2010 May 25;5:149-56. [20517484 ]
  2. Chen JJ, Swope DM, Dashtipour K: Comprehensive review of rasagiline, a second-generation monoamine oxidase inhibitor, for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clin Ther. 2007 Sep;29(9):1825-49. [18035186 ]
  3. Weinreb O, Amit T, Bar-Am O, Youdim MB: Rasagiline: a novel anti-Parkinsonian monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor with neuroprotective activity. Prog Neurobiol. 2010 Nov;92(3):330-44. Epub 2010 Jun 19. [20600573 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in oxidoreductase activity
Specific function:
Catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic and xenobiotic amines and has important functions in the metabolism of neuroactive and vasoactive amines in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. MAOB preferentially degrades benzylamine and phenylethylamine.
Gene Name:
MAOB
Uniprot ID:
P27338
Molecular weight:
58762.475
References
  1. Naoi M, Maruyama W: Functional mechanism of neuroprotection by inhibitors of type B monoamine oxidase in Parkinson's disease. Expert Rev Neurother. 2009 Aug;9(8):1233-50. [19673610 ]
  2. Uzun M, Alp R, Uzlu E, Alp S, Citil M, Topcu B, Erdogan HM: Investigation of oral selegiline and rasagiline administration on QT interval in conscious rabbits. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2009 Mar-Apr;13(2):95-8. [19499843 ]
  3. Youdim MB, Weinstock M: Molecular basis of neuroprotective activities of rasagiline and the anti-Alzheimer drug TV3326 [(N-propargyl-(3R)aminoindan-5-YL)-ethyl methyl carbamate]. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2001 Dec;21(6):555-73. [12043833 ]
  4. Chau KY, Cooper JM, Schapira AH: Rasagiline protects against alpha-synuclein induced sensitivity to oxidative stress in dopaminergic cells. Neurochem Int. 2010 Nov;57(5):525-9. Epub 2010 Jul 17. [20624440 ]
  5. Weinreb O, Amit T, Bar-Am O, Youdim MB: Rasagiline: a novel anti-Parkinsonian monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor with neuroprotective activity. Prog Neurobiol. 2010 Nov;92(3):330-44. Epub 2010 Jun 19. [20600573 ]
  6. Youdim MB, Bar Am O, Yogev-Falach M, Weinreb O, Maruyama W, Naoi M, Amit T: Rasagiline: neurodegeneration, neuroprotection, and mitochondrial permeability transition. J Neurosci Res. 2005 Jan 1-15;79(1-2):172-9. [15573406 ]
  7. Leegwater-Kim J, Bortan E: The role of rasagiline in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clin Interv Aging. 2010 May 25;5:149-56. [20517484 ]
  8. Chen JJ, Swope DM, Dashtipour K: Comprehensive review of rasagiline, a second-generation monoamine oxidase inhibitor, for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clin Ther. 2007 Sep;29(9):1825-49. [18035186 ]
  9. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]
General function:
Involved in monooxygenase activity
Specific function:
Cytochromes P450 are a group of heme-thiolate monooxygenases. In liver microsomes, this enzyme is involved in an NADPH-dependent electron transport pathway. It oxidizes a variety of structurally unrelated compounds, including steroids, fatty acids, and xenobiotics. Most active in catalyzing 2-hydroxylation. Caffeine is metabolized primarily by cytochrome CYP1A2 in the liver through an initial N3-demethylation. Also acts in the metabolism of aflatoxin B1 and acetaminophen. Participates in the bioactivation of carcinogenic aromatic and heterocyclic amines. Catalizes the N-hydroxylation of heterocyclic amines and the O-deethylation of phenacetin.
Gene Name:
CYP1A2
Uniprot ID:
P05177
Molecular weight:
58406.915
References
  1. Lecht S, Haroutiunian S, Hoffman A, Lazarovici P: Rasagiline - a novel MAO B inhibitor in Parkinson's disease therapy. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2007 Jun;3(3):467-74. [18488080 ]
  2. Leegwater-Kim J, Bortan E: The role of rasagiline in the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clin Interv Aging. 2010 May 25;5:149-56. [20517484 ]
  3. Chen JJ, Swope DM, Dashtipour K: Comprehensive review of rasagiline, a second-generation monoamine oxidase inhibitor, for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. Clin Ther. 2007 Sep;29(9):1825-49. [18035186 ]
  4. Preissner S, Kroll K, Dunkel M, Senger C, Goldsobel G, Kuzman D, Guenther S, Winnenburg R, Schroeder M, Preissner R: SuperCYP: a comprehensive database on Cytochrome P450 enzymes including a tool for analysis of CYP-drug interactions. Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Jan;38(Database issue):D237-43. Epub 2009 Nov 24. [19934256 ]
General function:
Involved in regulation of apoptosis
Specific function:
Suppresses apoptosis in a variety of cell systems including factor-dependent lymphohematopoietic and neural cells. Regulates cell death by controlling the mitochondrial membrane permeability. Appears to function in a feedback loop system with caspases. Inhibits caspase activity either by preventing the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria and/or by binding to the apoptosis-activating factor (APAF-1)
Gene Name:
BCL2
Uniprot ID:
P10415
Molecular weight:
26265.7
References
  1. Youdim MB, Weinstock M: Molecular basis of neuroprotective activities of rasagiline and the anti-Alzheimer drug TV3326 [(N-propargyl-(3R)aminoindan-5-YL)-ethyl methyl carbamate]. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2001 Dec;21(6):555-73. [12043833 ]
  2. Akao Y, Maruyama W, Yi H, Shamoto-Nagai M, Youdim MB, Naoi M: An anti-Parkinson's disease drug, N-propargyl-1(R)-aminoindan (rasagiline), enhances expression of anti-apoptotic bcl-2 in human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells. Neurosci Lett. 2002 Jun 28;326(2):105-8. [12057839 ]
  3. Maruyama W, Akao Y, Carrillo MC, Kitani K, Youdium MB, Naoi M: Neuroprotection by propargylamines in Parkinson's disease: suppression of apoptosis and induction of prosurvival genes. Neurotoxicol Teratol. 2002 Sep-Oct;24(5):675-82. [12200198 ]
  4. Youdim MB, Amit T, Falach-Yogev M, Bar Am O, Maruyama W, Naoi M: The essentiality of Bcl-2, PKC and proteasome-ubiquitin complex activations in the neuroprotective-antiapoptotic action of the anti-Parkinson drug, rasagiline. Biochem Pharmacol. 2003 Oct 15;66(8):1635-41. [14555244 ]
  5. Bar-Am O, Weinreb O, Amit T, Youdim MB: Regulation of Bcl-2 family proteins, neurotrophic factors, and APP processing in the neurorescue activity of propargylamine. FASEB J. 2005 Nov;19(13):1899-901. Epub 2005 Sep 7. [16148027 ]