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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2016-02-11 01:33:01 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15467
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameDrospirenone
DescriptionDrospirenone is a synthetic progestin that is an analog to spironolactone. It is found in a number of birth control formulations. Drospirenone differs from other synthetic progestins in that its pharmacological profile in preclinical studies shows it to be closer to the natural progesterone. As such it has anti-mineralocorticoid properties, counteracts the estrogen-stimulated activity of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, and is not androgenic.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
ValueSource
1,2-DihydrospirorenoneChEBI
6beta,7Beta;15beta,16beta-dimethylene-3-oxo-17alpha-pregn-4-ene-21,17-carbolactoneChEBI
DehydrospirorenoneChEBI
DrospirenonaChEBI
DrospirenonumChEBI
6b,7Beta;15b,16b-dimethylene-3-oxo-17a-pregn-4-ene-21,17-carbolactoneGenerator
6β,7beta;15β,16β-dimethylene-3-oxo-17α-pregn-4-ene-21,17-carbolactoneGenerator
6β,7β,15β,16β-dimethylene-3-oxo-17α-pregn-4-ene-21,17 carbolactoneHMDB
DRSPHMDB
Chemical FormulaC24H30O3
Average Molecular Weight366.4932
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight366.219494826
IUPAC Name(1R,2R,4R,10R,11S,14S,15S,16S,18S,19S)-10,14-dimethylspiro[hexacyclo[9.8.0.0²,⁴.0⁵,¹⁰.0¹⁴,¹⁹.0¹⁶,¹⁸]nonadecane-15,2'-oxolan]-5-ene-5',7-dione
Traditional Nameyasmin
CAS Registry Number67392-87-4
SMILES
[H][C@@]12C[C@]1([H])[C@@]1([H])[C@]3([H])[C@]4([H])C[C@]4([H])[C@@]4(CCC(=O)O4)[C@@]3(C)CC[C@]1([H])[C@@]1(C)CCC(=O)C=C21
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C24H30O3/c1-22-6-3-12(25)9-17(22)13-10-14(13)20-16(22)4-7-23(2)21(20)15-11-18(15)24(23)8-5-19(26)27-24/h9,13-16,18,20-21H,3-8,10-11H2,1-2H3/t13-,14+,15-,16+,18+,20-,21+,22-,23+,24+/m1/s1
InChI KeyInChIKey=METQSPRSQINEEU-HXCATZOESA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as spironolactones and derivatives. These are steroid lactones with a structure based on the spironolactone skeleton.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassSteroid lactones
Direct ParentSpironolactones and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Spironolactone
  • Gamma butyrolactone
  • Oxolane
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Lactone
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Aliphatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Ontology
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Aldosterone Antagonists
  • Cell signaling
  • Fuel and energy storage
  • Fuel or energy source
  • Membrane integrity/stability
  • Progestins
Application
  • Nutrients
  • Pharmaceutical
  • Stabilizers
  • Surfactants and Emulsifiers
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility2.25e-03 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0022 mg/mLALOGPS
logP2.36ALOGPS
logP3.37ChemAxon
logS-5.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Basic)-5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count2ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count0ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area43.37 Å2ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count0ChemAxon
Refractivity101.68 m3·mol-1ChemAxon
Polarizability41.81 Å3ChemAxon
Number of Rings7ChemAxon
Bioavailability1ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01395
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01395
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01395
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID62105
KEGG Compound IDNot Available
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkDrospirenone
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15467
Metagene LinkHMDB15467
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound68873
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID50838
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General References
  1. Krattenmacher R: Drospirenone: pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of a unique progestogen. Contraception. 2000 Jul;62(1):29-38. [11024226 ]
  2. Wichianpitaya J, Taneepanichskul S: A comparative efficacy of low-dose combined oral contraceptives containing desogestrel and drospirenone in premenstrual symptoms. Obstet Gynecol Int. 2013;2013:487143. doi: 10.1155/2013/487143. Epub 2013 Feb 20. [23577032 ]

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in carboxylesterase activity
Specific function:
Esterase with broad substrate specificity. Contributes to the inactivation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. Can degrade neurotoxic organophosphate esters.
Gene Name:
BCHE
Uniprot ID:
P06276
Molecular weight:
68417.575
References
  1. Koitka M, Hochel J, Gieschen H, Borchert HH: Improving the ex vivo stability of drug ester compounds in rat and dog serum: inhibition of the specific esterases and implications on their identity. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2010 Feb 5;51(3):664-78. Epub 2009 Sep 23. [19850433 ]
General function:
Involved in peroxidase activity
Specific function:
Mediates the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonate. May have a role as a major mediator of inflammation and/or a role for prostanoid signaling in activity-dependent plasticity.
Gene Name:
PTGS2
Uniprot ID:
P35354
Molecular weight:
68995.625
References
  1. Maia H Jr, Casoy J, Athayde C, Valente Filho J, Coutinho EM: The effect of a continuous regimen of drospirenone 3 mg/ethinylestradiol 30 microg on Cox-2 and Ki-67 expression in the endometrium. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2010 Feb;15(1):35-40. [20063991 ]
General function:
Involved in DNA binding
Specific function:
Steroid hormone receptors are ligand-activated transcription factors that regulate eukaryotic gene expression and affect cellular proliferation and differentiation in target tissues. Transcription factor activity is modulated by bound coactivator and corepressor proteins. Transcription activation is down-regulated by NR0B2. Activated, but not phosphorylated, by HIPK3
Gene Name:
AR
Uniprot ID:
P10275
Molecular weight:
98987.9
References
  1. Krattenmacher R: Drospirenone: pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of a unique progestogen. Contraception. 2000 Jul;62(1):29-38. [11024226 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Isoform A is inactive in stimulating c-Src/MAPK signaling on hormone stimulation
Gene Name:
PGR
Uniprot ID:
P06401
Molecular weight:
98980.0
References
  1. Krattenmacher R: Drospirenone: pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of a unique progestogen. Contraception. 2000 Jul;62(1):29-38. [11024226 ]
  2. Bray JD, Jelinsky S, Ghatge R, Bray JA, Tunkey C, Saraf K, Jacobsen BM, Richer JK, Brown EL, Winneker RC, Horwitz KB, Lyttle CR: Quantitative analysis of gene regulation by seven clinically relevant progestins suggests a highly similar mechanism of action through progesterone receptors in T47D breast cancer cells. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol. 2005 Dec;97(4):328-41. Epub 2005 Sep 12. [16157482 ]
  3. Fuhrmann U, Krattenmacher R, Slater EP, Fritzemeier KH: The novel progestin drospirenone and its natural counterpart progesterone: biochemical profile and antiandrogenic potential. Contraception. 1996 Oct;54(4):243-51. [8922878 ]
  4. Arias-Loza PA, Hu K, Schafer A, Bauersachs J, Quaschning T, Galle J, Jazbutyte V, Neyses L, Ertl G, Fritzemeier KH, Hegele-Hartung C, Pelzer T: Medroxyprogesterone acetate but not drospirenone ablates the protective function of 17 beta-estradiol in aldosterone salt-treated rats. Hypertension. 2006 Nov;48(5):994-1001. Epub 2006 Sep 25. [17000933 ]
  5. Sitruk-Ware R: New progestagens for contraceptive use. Hum Reprod Update. 2006 Mar-Apr;12(2):169-78. Epub 2005 Nov 16. [16291771 ]
  6. Sitruk-Ware R: New progestogens: a review of their effects in perimenopausal and postmenopausal women. Drugs Aging. 2004;21(13):865-83. [15493951 ]
General function:
Involved in sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity
Specific function:
Receptor for both mineralocorticoids (MC) such as aldosterone and glucocorticoids (GC) such as corticosterone or cortisol. Binds to mineralocorticoid response elements (MRE) and transactivates target genes. The effect of MC is to increase ion and water transport and thus raise extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure and lower potassium levels
Gene Name:
NR3C2
Uniprot ID:
P08235
Molecular weight:
107066.6
References
  1. Krattenmacher R: Drospirenone: pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of a unique progestogen. Contraception. 2000 Jul;62(1):29-38. [11024226 ]
  2. Fuhrmann U, Krattenmacher R, Slater EP, Fritzemeier KH: The novel progestin drospirenone and its natural counterpart progesterone: biochemical profile and antiandrogenic potential. Contraception. 1996 Oct;54(4):243-51. [8922878 ]
  3. Muhn P, Fuhrmann U, Fritzemeier KH, Krattenmacher R, Schillinger E: Drospirenone: a novel progestogen with antimineralocorticoid and antiandrogenic activity. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1995 Jun 12;761:311-35. [7625729 ]
  4. Oelkers WK: Effects of estrogens and progestogens on the renin-aldosterone system and blood pressure. Steroids. 1996 Apr;61(4):166-71. [8732994 ]
  5. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [11752352 ]