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Record Information
StatusExpected but not Quantified
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2017-12-07 02:51:27 UTC
Secondary Accession Numbers
  • HMDB15496
Metabolite Identification
Common NameAmrinone
DescriptionAmrinone is only found in individuals that have used or taken this drug. It is a type 3 pyridine phosphodiesterase inhibitor. It is used in the treatment of congestive heart failure.Amrinone is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor (PDE3), resulting in increased cAMP and cGMP which leads to an increase in the calcium influx like that caused by beta-agonists resulting in increased inotropic effect.
Inamrinone lactateHMDB
LAW brand OF amrinoneMeSH
Sanofi brand OF amrinone lactateMeSH
Sanofi winthrop brand OF amrinoneMeSH
Amrinone law brandMeSH
Sanofi winthrop brand OF amrinone lactateMeSH
Chemical FormulaC10H9N3O
Average Molecular Weight187.198
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight187.074561925
IUPAC Name3-amino-5-(pyridin-4-yl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one
Traditional Nameamrinone
CAS Registry Number60719-84-8
InChI Identifier
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as bipyridines and oligopyridines. These are organic compounds containing two pyridine rings linked to each other.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassPyridines and derivatives
Sub ClassBipyridines and oligopyridines
Direct ParentBipyridines and oligopyridines
Alternative Parents
  • Bipyridine
  • Aminopyridine
  • Dihydropyridine
  • Pyridinone
  • Hydropyridine
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Lactam
  • Azacycle
  • Amine
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available

Biological location:


  Cell and elements:

  Biofluid and excreta:


Industrial application:

  Pharmaceutical industry:

Physical Properties
Experimental Properties
Melting Point295 °CNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility5.6 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
Water Solubility5.6 g/LALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)11.01ChemAxon
pKa (Strongest Basic)4.87ChemAxon
Physiological Charge0ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count3ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count2ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area68.01 ŲChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count1ChemAxon
Refractivity53.89 m³·mol⁻¹ChemAxon
Polarizability18.94 ųChemAxon
Number of Rings2ChemAxon
Rule of FiveYesChemAxon
Ghose FilterYesChemAxon
Veber's RuleYesChemAxon
MDDR-like RuleYesChemAxon
Spectrum TypeDescriptionSplash Key
Predicted GC-MSPredicted GC-MS Spectrum - GC-MS (Non-derivatized) - 70eV, Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-5d2b7ed5ce7a5b2d1b2aView in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - LC-ESI-qTof , Positivesplash10-00lr-3900000000-f6b4ee8cb119f30be206View in MoNA
LC-MS/MSLC-MS/MS Spectrum - , positivesplash10-00lr-3900000000-f6b4ee8cb119f30be206View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-d563604221c2fc90e848View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Positivesplash10-000i-0900000000-114f10f1bc2a19e76a81View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Positivesplash10-0kai-3900000000-a801048eb6a8e89bf81aView in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 10V, Negativesplash10-000i-2900000000-047574985bc6e8f37849View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 20V, Negativesplash10-000i-0900000000-830d64d2ca3df5e91371View in MoNA
Predicted LC-MS/MSPredicted LC-MS/MS Spectrum - 40V, Negativesplash10-056r-8900000000-55d99bace284f16d6eabView in MoNA
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BloodExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01427 details
UrineExpected but not Quantified Not AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB01427 details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB01427
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID3570
KEGG Compound IDC13594
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkAmrinone
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound3698
PDB IDNot Available
ChEBI ID111066
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available


General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase with a dual-specificity for the second messengers cAMP and cGMP, which are key regulators of many important physiological processes (By similarity).
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
  1. Chen X, Ji ZL, Chen YZ: TTD: Therapeutic Target Database. Nucleic Acids Res. 2002 Jan 1;30(1):412-5. [PubMed:11752352 ]
  2. Kobayashi T, Sugawara Y, Ohkubo T, Imamura H, Makuuchi M: Effects of amrinone on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats. J Hepatol. 2002 Jul;37(1):31-8. [PubMed:12076859 ]
  3. Ko Y, Morita K, Nagahori R, Kinouchi K, Shinohara G, Kagawa H, Hashimoto K: Myocardial cyclic AMP augmentation with high-dose PDEIII inhibitor in terminal warm blood cardioplegia. Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Oct;15(5):311-7. [PubMed:19901885 ]
  4. Kucuk C, Akcan A, Akyyldyz H, Akgun H, Muhtaroglu S, Sozuer E: Effects of amrinone in an experimental model of hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. J Surg Res. 2009 Jan;151(1):74-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2008.02.008. Epub 2008 Mar 13. [PubMed:18468627 ]
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes the second messenger cAMP, which is a key regulator of many important physiological processes. May be involved in mediating central nervous system effects of therapeutic agents ranging from antidepressants to antiasthmatic and anti-inflammatory agents.
Gene Name:
Uniprot ID:
Molecular weight:
  1. Overington JP, Al-Lazikani B, Hopkins AL: How many drug targets are there? Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Dec;5(12):993-6. [PubMed:17139284 ]
  2. Imming P, Sinning C, Meyer A: Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2006 Oct;5(10):821-34. [PubMed:17016423 ]
General function:
Involved in tumor necrosis factor receptor binding
Specific function:
Cytokine that binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1 and TNFRSF1B/TNFBR. It is mainly secreted by macrophages and can induce cell death of certain tumor cell lines. It is potent pyrogen causing fever by direct action or by stimulation of interleukin-1 secretion and is implicated in the induction of cachexia, Under certain conditions it can stimulate cell proliferation and induce cell differentiation
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  1. Kumar A, Kosuri R, Kandula P, Dimou C, Allen J, Parrillo JE: Effects of epinephrine and amrinone on contractility and cyclic adenosine monophosphate generation of tumor necrosis factor alpha-exposed cardiac myocytes. Crit Care Med. 1999 Feb;27(2):286-92. [PubMed:10075051 ]
  2. Bergman MR, Kao RH, McCune SA, Holycross BJ: Myocardial tumor necrosis factor-alpha secretion in hypertensive and heart failure-prone rats. Am J Physiol. 1999 Aug;277(2 Pt 2):H543-50. [PubMed:10444479 ]
  3. Haddad JJ, Land SC, Tarnow-Mordi WO, Zembala M, Kowalczyk D, Lauterbach R: Immunopharmacological potential of selective phosphodiesterase inhibition. I. Differential regulation of lipopolysaccharide-mediated proinflammatory cytokine (interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) biosynthesis in alveolar epithelial cells. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2002 Feb;300(2):559-66. [PubMed:11805217 ]
  4. Marx D, Tassabehji M, Heer S, Huttenbrink KB, Szelenyi I: Modulation of TNF and GM-CSF release from dispersed human nasal polyp cells and human whole blood by inhibitors of different PDE isoenzymes and glucocorticoids. Pulm Pharmacol Ther. 2002;15(1):7-15. [PubMed:11969359 ]
  5. Giroir BP, Beutler B: Effect of amrinone on tumor necrosis factor production in endotoxic shock. Circ Shock. 1992 Mar;36(3):200-7. [PubMed:1611705 ]