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Record Information
Version3.6
Creation Date2012-09-06 15:16:52 UTC
Update Date2013-02-09 00:34:02 UTC
HMDB IDHMDB15582
Secondary Accession NumbersNone
Metabolite Identification
Common NameSuramin
DescriptionA polyanionic compound with an unknown mechanism of action. It is used parenterally in the treatment of African trypanosomiasis and it has been used clinically with diethylcarbamazine to kill the adult Onchocerca. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1992, p1643) It has also been shown to have potent antineoplastic properties. Suramin is manufactured by Bayer in Germany as Germanin®.
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
  1. Bayer 205
  2. Sodium suramin
  3. Suramine
  4. SVR
Chemical FormulaC51H40N6O23S6
Average Molecular Weight1297.28
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight1296.046905756
IUPAC Name8-[(4-methyl-3-{[3-({[3-({2-methyl-5-[(4,6,8-trisulfonaphthalen-1-yl)carbamoyl]phenyl}carbamoyl)phenyl]carbamoyl}amino)benzene]amido}benzene)amido]naphthalene-1,3,5-trisulfonic acid
Traditional Name8-{4-methyl-3-[3-({[3-({2-methyl-5-[(4,6,8-trisulfonaphthalen-1-yl)carbamoyl]phenyl}carbamoyl)phenyl]carbamoyl}amino)benzamido]benzamido}naphthalene-1,3,5-trisulfonic acid
CAS Registry Number145-63-1
SMILES
CC1=C(NC(=O)C2=CC(NC(=O)NC3=CC=CC(=C3)C(=O)NC3=C(C)C=CC(=C3)C(=O)NC3=C4C(C=C(C=C4S(O)(=O)=O)S(O)(=O)=O)=C(C=C3)S(O)(=O)=O)=CC=C2)C=C(C=C1)C(=O)NC1=C2C(C=C(C=C2S(O)(=O)=O)S(O)(=O)=O)=C(C=C1)S(O)(=O)=O
InChI Identifier
InChI=1S/C51H40N6O23S6/c1-25-9-11-29(49(60)54-37-13-15-41(83(69,70)71)35-21-33(81(63,64)65)23-43(45(35)37)85(75,76)77)19-39(25)56-47(58)27-5-3-7-31(17-27)52-51(62)53-32-8-4-6-28(18-32)48(59)57-40-20-30(12-10-26(40)2)50(61)55-38-14-16-42(84(72,73)74)36-22-34(82(66,67)68)24-44(46(36)38)86(78,79)80/h3-24H,1-2H3,(H,54,60)(H,55,61)(H,56,58)(H,57,59)(H2,52,53,62)(H,63,64,65)(H,66,67,68)(H,69,70,71)(H,72,73,74)(H,75,76,77)(H,78,79,80)
InChI KeyFIAFUQMPZJWCLV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Chemical Taxonomy
KingdomOrganic Compounds
Super ClassAromatic Homomonocyclic Compounds
ClassAcenes
Sub ClassNaphthalenes
Other Descriptors
  • Acenes
  • Aminobenzamides
  • Anilides
  • Benzenesulfonic Acid Derivatives
  • N-Phenylureas
  • Organic Compounds
  • naphthalenesulfonic acid(ChEBI)
Substituents
  • Benzoyl
  • Carboxamide Group
  • Secondary Carboxylic Acid Amide
  • Sulfonic Acid
  • Sulfonyl
  • Toluene
  • Urea
Direct ParentNaphthalenes
Ontology
StatusExpected and Not Quantified
Origin
  • Drug
Biofunction
  • Antinematodal Agents
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Trypanocidal Agents
Application
  • Pharmaceutical
Cellular locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Physical Properties
StateSolid
Experimental Properties
PropertyValueReference
Melting PointNot AvailableNot Available
Boiling PointNot AvailableNot Available
Water Solubility8.72e-03 g/LNot Available
LogPNot AvailableNot Available
Predicted Properties
PropertyValueSource
Water Solubility0.0087 g/LALOGPS
logP-0.12ALOGPS
logP5.58ChemAxon
logS-5.2ALOGPS
pKa (Strongest Acidic)-3.5ChemAxon
Physiological Charge-6ChemAxon
Hydrogen Acceptor Count23ChemAxon
Hydrogen Donor Count12ChemAxon
Polar Surface Area483.75ChemAxon
Rotatable Bond Count16ChemAxon
Refractivity314.9ChemAxon
Polarizability120.22ChemAxon
Spectra
SpectraNot Available
Biological Properties
Cellular Locations
  • Cytoplasm
  • Extracellular
  • Membrane
Biofluid Locations
  • Blood
  • Urine
Tissue LocationNot Available
PathwaysNot Available
Normal Concentrations
BiofluidStatusValueAgeSexConditionReferenceDetails
BloodExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04786
  • Not Applicable
details
UrineExpected but not QuantifiedNot ApplicableNot AvailableNot AvailableTaking drug identified by DrugBank entry DB04786
  • Not Applicable
details
Abnormal Concentrations
Not Available
Associated Disorders and Diseases
Disease ReferencesNone
Associated OMIM IDsNone
DrugBank IDDB04786
DrugBank Metabolite IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Compound IDNot Available
Phenol Explorer Metabolite IDNot Available
FoodDB IDNot Available
KNApSAcK IDNot Available
Chemspider ID5168
KEGG Compound IDC07974
BioCyc IDNot Available
BiGG IDNot Available
Wikipedia LinkSuramin
NuGOwiki LinkHMDB15582
Metagene LinkHMDB15582
METLIN IDNot Available
PubChem Compound5361
PDB IDSVR
ChEBI ID45906
References
Synthesis ReferenceNot Available
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Not Available
General ReferencesNot Available

Enzymes

General function:
Involved in metabolic process
Specific function:
Selectively hydrolyzes arachidonyl phospholipids in the sn-2 position releasing arachidonic acid. Together with its lysophospholipid activity, it is implicated in the initiation of the inflammatory response.
Gene Name:
PLA2G4A
Uniprot ID:
P47712
Molecular weight:
85210.19
References
  1. Vieira DS, Aragao EA, Lourenzoni MR, Ward RJ: Mapping of suramin binding sites on the group IIA human secreted phospholipase A2. Bioorg Chem. 2009 Apr;37(2):41-5. Epub 2009 Feb 3. Pubmed: 19251299
  2. Aragao EA, Chioato L, Ferreira TL, de Medeiros AI, Secatto A, Faccioli LH, Ward RJ: Suramin inhibits macrophage activation by human group IIA phospholipase A2, but does not affect bactericidal activity of the enzyme. Inflamm Res. 2009 Apr;58(4):210-7. Pubmed: 19169647
General function:
Involved in phospholipase A2 activity
Specific function:
Thought to participate in the regulation of the phospholipid metabolism in biomembranes including eicosanoid biosynthesis. Catalyzes the calcium-dependent hydrolysis of the 2-acyl groups in 3-sn-phosphoglycerides.
Gene Name:
PLA2G2A
Uniprot ID:
P14555
Molecular weight:
16082.525
References
  1. Murakami MT, Arruda EZ, Melo PA, Martinez AB, Calil-Elias S, Tomaz MA, Lomonte B, Gutierrez JM, Arni RK: Inhibition of myotoxic activity of Bothrops asper myotoxin II by the anti-trypanosomal drug suramin. J Mol Biol. 2005 Jul 15;350(3):416-26. Pubmed: 15961104
  2. Berman HM, Westbrook J, Feng Z, Gilliland G, Bhat TN, Weissig H, Shindyalov IN, Bourne PE: The Protein Data Bank. Nucleic Acids Res. 2000 Jan 1;28(1):235-42. Pubmed: 10592235
General function:
Involved in catalytic activity
Specific function:
Hydrolyzes cerebroside sulfate.
Gene Name:
ARSA
Uniprot ID:
P15289
Molecular weight:
53805.87
References
  1. Constantopoulos G, Rees S, Cragg BG, Barranger JA, Brady RO: Effect of suramin on the activities of degradative enzymes of sphingolipids in rats. Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol. 1981 Apr;32(1):87-97. Pubmed: 7291729
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for ATP and UTP coupled to G-proteins that activate a phosphatidylinositol-calcium second messenger system. The affinity range is UTP = ATP > ATP-gamma-S >> 2-methylthio-ATP = ADP
Gene Name:
P2RY2
Uniprot ID:
P41231
Molecular weight:
42289.0
References
  1. Charlton SJ, Brown CA, Weisman GA, Turner JT, Erb L, Boarder MR: PPADS and suramin as antagonists at cloned P2Y- and P2U-purinoceptors. Br J Pharmacol. 1996 Jun;118(3):704-10. Pubmed: 8762097
  2. Bogdanov YD, Wildman SS, Clements MP, King BF, Burnstock G: Molecular cloning and characterization of rat P2Y4 nucleotide receptor. Br J Pharmacol. 1998 Jun;124(3):428-30. Pubmed: 9647463
  3. Trujillo CA, Nery AA, Martins AH, Majumder P, Gonzalez FA, Ulrich H: Inhibition mechanism of the recombinant rat P2X(2) receptor in glial cells by suramin and TNP-ATP. Biochemistry. 2006 Jan 10;45(1):224-33. Pubmed: 16388598
  4. Churchill GC, Louis CF: Stimulation of P2U purinergic or alpha 1A adrenergic receptors mobilizes Ca2+ in lens cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1997 Apr;38(5):855-65. Pubmed: 9112981
  5. Homma R, Kimoto T, Niimura Y, Krivosheev A, Hara T, Ohta Y, Kawato S: Real-time fluorescence analysis on molecular mechanisms for regulation of cytochrome P450scc activity upon steroidogenic stimulation in adrenocortical cells. J Inorg Biochem. 2000 Nov;82(1-4):171-80. Pubmed: 11132624
General function:
Involved in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway
Specific function:
Receptor for follicle-stimulating hormone. The activity of this receptor is mediated by G proteins which activate adenylate cyclase
Gene Name:
FSHR
Uniprot ID:
P23945
Molecular weight:
78294.1
References
  1. McGeary RP, Bennett AJ, Tran QB, Cosgrove KL, Ross BP: Suramin: clinical uses and structure-activity relationships. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2008 Nov;8(13):1384-94. Pubmed: 18991754
  2. Bose CK: Follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR) antagonist and epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). J Exp Ther Oncol. 2007;6(3):201-4. Pubmed: 17552360
General function:
Involved in calcium channel activity
Specific function:
Communication between transverse-tubules and sarcoplasmic reticulum. Contraction of skeletal muscle is triggered by release of calcium ions from SR following depolarization of T-tubules
Gene Name:
RYR1
Uniprot ID:
P21817
Molecular weight:
565170.7
References
  1. Wolner I, Kassack MU, Ullmann H, Karel A, Hohenegger M: Use-dependent inhibition of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor by the suramin analogue NF676. Br J Pharmacol. 2005 Oct;146(4):525-33. Pubmed: 16056233
General function:
Involved in zinc ion binding
Specific function:
NAD-dependent lysine demalonylase and desuccinylase that specifically removes malonyl and succinyl groups on target proteins. Activates CPS1 and contributes to the regulation of blood ammonia levels during prolonged fasting: acts by mediating desuccinylation of CPS1, thereby increasing CPS1 activity in response to elevated NAD levels during fasting. Has weak NAD-dependent protein deacetylase activity; however this activity may not be physiologically relevant in vivo. Can deacetylate cytochrome c (CYCS) and a number of other proteins in vitro.
Gene Name:
SIRT5
Uniprot ID:
Q9NXA8
Molecular weight:
31993.505
References
  1. Schuetz A, Min J, Antoshenko T, Wang CL, Allali-Hassani A, Dong A, Loppnau P, Vedadi M, Bochkarev A, Sternglanz R, Plotnikov AN: Structural basis of inhibition of the human NAD+-dependent deacetylase SIRT5 by suramin. Structure. 2007 Mar;15(3):377-89. Pubmed: 17355872